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History of India for Children (Set of 2 Volumes)

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Item Code: NAG700
Author: Roshen Dalal
Publisher: Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2014
Pages: 849 (B/W Illustrations)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 8.5 inch x 5.5 inch
Weight 780 gm
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Fully insured
Shipped to 153 countries
Shipped to 153 countries
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Book Description

Volume 1: 9780143335443
Volume 2: 9780143335467

Volume I

About the Book

In an informal, engaging style, The Puffin History of India for Children 3000 BC – AD 1947 tells the fascinating story of our land from the Indus Valley Civilization to Independence. Tracing the social, political, cultural and economic development of India, the book focuses on the high points of Indian history: the Vedic Age, the Mauryan Empire, the Gupta period, the Battle of Panipat, the conquests of Alauddin Khalji, who had the largest empire since Ashoka, the Brahmani and Vijayanagara kingdoms and their conflicts, the rule of Akbar, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb and the building of the Taj Mahal, the British conquest, the 1857 Revolt, the Nationalist movement and, finally, the triumph of Independence.

The contribution of the important personalities who shaped this history, from Mahavira, Buddha, Alexander, Ashoka, Harsha and Babur to Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru, is vividly described in fascinating detail. Every now and then the narrative pauses to dwell on the social and cultural life of the people, and the political, economic and religious changes that have been wrought over centuries, providing a comprehensive picture of what life was like in India at various points of time. The colourful description of people, events and cultures, complemented by a host of illustrations and maps, brings history dramatically to life for the reader.

Informative, well researched entertaining and easy of follow this is the perfect introduction to india's history for children of all ages. This new edition features an attractive layout, all new illustrations, a revised and updated text, and several brand new chapter.


About the Author

Roshen Dalal was born in Mussoorie in 1952 and studied in various schools. After a BA (Hons.) in History she completed an MA and PhD in Ancient Indian History from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She has worked on various research projects in History, and has taught for two years at Jawaharlal Nehru University and for four years at Rishi Valley School in Andhra Pradesh. She currently works as an editor and a freelance writer, She lives in New Delhi.



This book is a result of my years of teaching at the Rishi Valley School in Andhra Pradesh. The young students were lively, curious and full of questions but there were no books on Indian history which they could easily read and understand.

This book therefore has been written with young people in mind. It has been divided into relatively short chapters, with numerous subheads to make for easy reading. While concepts and ideas have been included, the book is also information based and therefore will serve as a source of reference.

While writing this history I have kept certain factors in mind- it should be accurate, incorporating recognized viewpoints of history; it should introduce young people to different sources, including archaeology; it should give equal emphasis to the history of south India, an area usually neglected. Finally, it should be something young people can read and understand themselves.

I have used various different sources which are too many to list here. However, some of the main secondary sources are- Romila Thapar, A History of India Vol I; Percival Spear, A History of India Vol II; A.L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India, Pt I; S.A.A.Rizvi, The Wonder That Was India, Pt II; R.C. Majumdar, et. al., An Advanced History of India; the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan series edited by R.C. Majumdar on the History and Culture of the Indian People, Bridget and Raymond Allchin, The Rise of Civilisation in India and Pakistan; Bipan Chandra, et. al., India’s Struggle for Independence; Nilakanta Sastri, History of South India; the series of history textbooks published by the NCERT, and the Social Science textbooks published by the Ekalavya group in Hoshangabad. In addition I have utilized my own research as well as other original sources.

I should like to thank Prof. Romila Thapar for going through the manuscript and making valuable suggestions, many of which I was able to incorporate, my editor Anubha Doyle for her dedicated work in giving the book its final shape and form, and my family for their support and encouragement. Thanks are also due to Aarohi Phadke for illustrating the book and Suman Tarafdar for preparing the maps. Most of all I would like to thank the students of the Rishi Valley School whom I taught or came in contact with between 1988 and 1994.

This new edition incorporates material from sources read over a number of years, which are too numerous to mention. Statistics for the pre- Independence period vary in different sources and those in chapter 61 are based mainly on the Gazetteer of India of the Publications Division.

I should like to thank Paul Vinay Kumar of Penguin India for encouraging me to work on a new edition, Udayan Mitra and Ajanta Guhathakurta of Penguin India for taking care of editing, design and production, Arvinder Chawla and Arun Pottirayil for the new illustrations, and Suman Tarafdar for additional maps. I should also like to thank Chanda Rani Akhouri for data on women in the electoral process, and my family for their help and support.




  Introduction ix
  A System of Dating xi
  Location of Places xii
1 India - Our Land 1
2 The First People 11
3 Village Life 17
4 The Indus Valley Civilization: An urban Revolution 23
5 Village Life in Others Parts of India 35
6 The Rig Vedic Aryans 38
7 The Later Vedic Period 44
8 Archaeology and the Vedic Period 51
9 Megalithic Cultures 57
10 The Mahajanapadas and the Rise of Magadha 59
11 New Religious Sects between 600 and 400 BC 68
12 Alexander 75
13 The Mauryas 79
14 North India after the Mauryas 89
15 The Kushanas 93
16 The Satavahanas 98
17 Kingdoms of the South 101
18 Towns and Trade: 200 BC - AD 300 107
19 The Guptas 111
20 The Deccan and South India 122
21 Harshavardhana 131
22 Northern India between AD 700 and 1200 137
23 Some Other Kingdoms of the North 145
24 Life in the Northern Kingdoms 148
25 South India between AD 600 and 1200 154
26 India in AD 1200 169
27 Ghazni and Ghur 171
28 The First Sultans of Delhi 175
29 The Khaljis and the Tughlaqs 180
30 The Sayyids and the Lodis 188
31 Some Independent States 190
32 Life at the Time of the Sultanate - AD 1200-1500 198
33 The Bahmani and Vijayanagara Kingdoms 207
34 The Early Mughals 220
35 Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan 226
36 Aurangzeb and the decline of the Mughals 232
37 Life in Mughal India 237
38 The Marathas and the Sikhs 251
39 Other Independent States 256
40 Major Religious Developments between AD 1200 and 1750 261
41 The Europeans Arrive 265
42 The British Expansion and Conquest 271
43 Further Expansion- From Wellesley to Dalhousie 280
44 Administrative, Economic and Social Changes 286
45 Art and culture - 1750-1857 294
46 Early Indian Reformers 301
47 The Revolt of 1857 304
48 The Indian States 311
49 The Rise of Nationalism 314
50 The Moderates and the Extremists 319
51 The Later Reformers 328
52 The Muslim League 331
53 Art and culture after 1858 334
54 Social Change in the Twentieth Century 342
55 New Political Trends between 1908 and 1919 345
56 Mahatma Gandhi and Non- Cooperation 350
57 The Intermediate Years - 1922-1929 355
58 Civil Disobedience - 1930-1934 360
59 The First Indian Government 364
60 India during the Second World War 369
61 India before Independence 374
62 The Last Phase - 1945-1947 385

Volume II


While most students- are familiar with India’s history up to Independence, they do not know much about the period after 1947. In this book I have tried to provide an outline of India’s history politics and economic and social development after Independence, in a clear and readable way.

I have consulted various sources, too many to list here, but among the main books are:
Bipan Chandra et al, India after Independence; D.G. Tendulkar, Mahatma, Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 8 vols; Jawaharlal Nehru, Speeches, 5 vols; Patrick French, Liberty or Death: India’s journey to Independence and Division; Durga Das, India from Curzon to Nehru and After; S. Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru, A Biography, vols 1-3; Jean Alphonse Bernard, Frorn Raj to the Republic; S.S. Gill, The Dynasty: A Political Biography if the Premier Ruling Family of Modern India; VP Menon, Integration of the Indian States; Penderel Moon, Divide and Quit; Mushirul Hasan, India’s Partition; Alok Bhalla, ed., Stories about the Partition of India; Urvashi Butalia, The Other Side if Silence; B.N. Mullik, My years with Nehru: The Chinese Betrayal; C.P. Srivastava, Lal Bahadur Shastri; Indira Gandhi, Speeches; Inder Malhotra, Indira Gandhi, A Biography; Rajiv Gandhi, Speeches; Ranbir Vohra, The Making of India; J.N. Dixit, India-Pakistan in War and Peace; Prakash Singh, Kohima to Kashmir; Paul R. Brass, The Politics if India since Independence; C.P. Bhambhri, Indian Politics since Independence, 2 vols; V.P. Dutt, Indians Foreign Policy; D.D. Basu, Introduction to the Constitution of India.

Newspapers and magazines consulted include The Hindustan Times, the Times of India, the Hindu, India Today Outlook and Frontline. I have also consulted official web sites of government departments and political parties. Statistics and details on development vary in different sources; I have mainly used the reference annuals of the Publications Division of the Government of India, beginning with India 1953, up to India 2003; the 'Tata Statistical Outline; the 1991 and 2001 census; and the USA Statistical Abstracts.

I would like to thank the people who have contributed to this book in various ways.

Paul Vinay Kumar of Penguin India urged me to write this book for several years until I agreed. Nandini Mehta read through the manuscript and provided valuable suggestions and advice; my mother Nergis Dalal improved the language and expression; many of my Friends helped with information and sources, particularly Ardeshir Dalal, Brajadulal Chattopadhyaya, Chanda Rani Akhouri, Ela Trivedi, Kapil Malhotra, Novy Kapadia, Rita Vohra and Shahnaz Arni Udayan Mitra of Penguin India consistently and patiently provided encouragement and advice through the various stages of writing this book.

In addition I would like to thank the Jawaharlal Nehru University Library and the Indian Council of Historical Research Library, as well as Ajanta Guhathakurta for the cover and design, Arun Pottirayil for the illustrations and Shivanand for preparing the final maps.

From the Flap

The companion volume to the best-selling The Puffin History of India for Children: 3000 BC- AD 1947, Roshen Dalal’s new history of post-Independence India tells the story of the making of the nation that we live in, and the events and personalities that have shaped it in recent times.

The Puffin History of India for Children; 1947 to the Present beings at a turning point of Indian history, as India attains independence and the British withdraw from the subcontinent.. Independent India’s first few years are eventful and epoch-making: before the traumas of Partition and of the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi have fully subsided, the focus must shift to laying the blueprint of the new nation, with the making of the Constitution, the integration of the 565 princely states, the setting-up of the administrative, legislative and judiciary systems, and the establishment of an infrastructure for industry and agriculture. The author follows this key period in Indian history closely, from the first Republic Day celebrations in 1950 to the first general elections in 1952, and the implementation of the subsequent agendas for social and economic development envisaged by Jawaharlal Nehru.

In a lucid and informal style, the book then tells the fascinating story of India over the next fifty years, beginning with the premierships of Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi and proceeding to Jayaprakash Narayan and the Emergency, the ousting of the Congress party and the rule of the Janata government headed by Morarji Desai. The author describes the dramatic turnarounds of the 1980s and 90s, from Indira Gandhi’s return to power to her subsequent assassination, Rajiv Gandhi’s prime ministership, the governments of V.P. Singh and P.V. Narasimha Rao, and the Bharatiya Janata Party’s rise to power, with Atal Bihari Vajpayee heading a National Democratic Alliance government. Along with periods of growth, the book looks closely at times of turbulence: the Indo-China War of 1962, the war with Pakistan in 1965, the 1971 Bangladesh War, and the demolition of the Babri Masjid in 1992. it also analyses some issues that are key to the recent history of the nation: economic liberalization, the harmful effects of terrorism and sectarian movements on the national fabric, the Kargil conflict, India’s attainment of nuclear capability and its progress into the new millennium as the world’s largest democracy.

This is not merely a political history of India. It tells the story of India’s people-from an account of the social and economic changes that have taken place since independence, to art and culture in independent India. Colourful descriptions, informative nuggets and lively analyses make the book immensely readable. An attractive layout, profuse illustrations, detailed maps and a thorough index add to its value. A long chapter outlines the history of each individual state and union territory, full of information that will be invaluable to the student as well as the casual browser.

Well-researched, concise, unbiased and engaging this is a contemporary history of India that should be essential reading for children of all ages.

Roshen Dalal was born in Mussoorie in 1952 and studied in various schools. after a BA (Hons.) in History she completed an MA and PhD in Ancient Indian History from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She has worked on various research projects in History, and has taught for two years at Jawaharlal Nehru University and for four years at Rishi Valley School in Andhra Pradesh. The author of the best-selling The Puffin History of India for Children Volume 1, Roshen Dalal lives in New Delhi.




  Introduction x
  A System of Numbers/Place Names xii
1 Republic Day 1
2 Freedom at Last 5
3 Political Conditions: 1947 11
4 The Indian States 19
5 Integration 27
6 Partition-—The Origins 32
7 Partition—The Reality 40
8 Administrative Division 46
9 Building a New Country 50
10 The First Eventful Year 54
11 The Spirit will Survive 63
12 Towards a Republic: 1948-50 70
13 Integration—The Second Stage 74
14 New Phase—The Constitution 82
15 The Government 91
16 The Parliament 93
17 The Union Executive 99
18 Government in the States 105
19 he Administrators 113
20 The judiciary 118
21 The First Elections 121
22 The Main Events: 1950-57 129
23 The Main Events: 1957-62 137
24 Internal Development: 1947-64 142
25 Vinoba Bhave and Bhudan 150
26 Foreign Policy: 1947-64 153
27 Nehru’s Last Years 163
28 Lal Bahadur Shastri: 1964-66 173
29 Indira Gandhi: The Early Years 181
30 Indira Takes Control 186
31 Bangladesh 191
32 The Centre and the States: 1966-75 195
33 Jayaprakash Narayan 201
34 The Emergency 204
35 Janata Government: 1977-79 211
36 Indira Gandhi: 1980-84 217
37 Internal Development: 1966-84 225
38 Foreign Policy: 1966-84 233
39 Rajiv Gandhi 240
40 Internal Development under Rajiv 251
41 Rajiv Gandhi—Foreign Policy 255
42 Minority Governments: 1989-90 263
43 Narasimha Rao: 1991-96 272
44 Foreign Policy: 1991-96 283
45 A New Government: 1996-98 293
46 The Bharatiya Janata Party 304
47 The National Democratic Alliance 309
48 The National Democratic Alliance Again 316
49 Foreign Policy after 1998 325
50 The States 335
51 The People: 1947-2002 364
52 Economy and Development 367
53 Social Change 389
54 Art and Culture 400
55 The Future 408
  Appendices 410
  Index 413


**Contents and Sample Pages**

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