Samyuktabhidharmahrdaya (Heart of Scholasticism with Miscellaneous Additions) (In Three Volumes)

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Item Code: IDK011
Author: Bart Dessein
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd
Edition: 1999
ISBN: 8120815831
Pages: 1924
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.4" X 5.4"
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Book Description
About the Book

The present work provides the first complete annotated translation into English of the Chinese version of Dharmatrata's fourth century Samyuktabhidharmahrdaya. Samyuktabhidharmahrdaya (Heart of Scholasticism with Miscellaneous Additions) is the last of a series of expository treatises that summarized the Sarvastivada philosophy as it was prevailing in Bactria and Gandhara and that were based on Dharmasresthin's Abhidharmahrdaya. The next work in the series, is a Sautrantika revision of Dharmatrata's Vaibhasika-influenced treatise.

The introduction to the present work gives a general description and a doctrinal comparison of the Bactrian and Gandharan Sarvastivada Abhidharma works. In the notes to the English translation of Samghavarman's fifth century Chinese version of the Indian text, the work is placed both geographically and historically within Sarvastivada Abhidharma (Bactria-Gandhara/Kasmira). The work is supplemented with indexes, glossaries and a concordance to the Hrdaya treatises and the Kosa.

About the Author

Graduated from the 'Rijksuniversiteit Gent' (Ghent National University, Belgium) in 1987, Bart Dessein (b.1965) has been working in the field of Buddhist Studies at the same university since 1990, first as research assistant with the National Fund for Scientific Research (Belgium), at present as assistant professor in the department of Chinese Language and Culture.

In 1994, he obtained his Ph.D. in Oriental Languages and Cultures from the Ghent National University.

Bart Dessein mainly published on Sarvastivada philosophy and Sarvastivada textual history (articles in Asiatische Studein; monograph with Charles Willemen and Collett Cox: Sarvastivada Buddhist Scholasticism, Handbuch der Orientalistik, 2. Abteilung. Indien, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1998).


It is indeed a pleasure to have Bart Dessein's work in this Buddhist Tradition series. This author has an admirable coverage of Abhidharma topic, and an intelligible, well argued Introduction on both doctrinal and historical issues. He appears to have good control of Chinese sources, and of previous Western scholarly attention to these issues. Besides, he has accurate English equivalents for the technical terms. One could not ask for more than he has furnished us herein on these matters.

Contents Part I
The Title *Samyuktabhidharmahrdayasastraxix
The author Dharmatrataxxii
Sarvastivada Abhidharma within Abhidharma Literaturexxiv
The *Abhidharmahrdayasastra by Dharmascresthinxxxi
The *Abhidharmahrdayasastra by Upasantaxxxvii
The *Samyuktabhidharmahrdayasastra by Dharmatrataxliv
The doctrinal position of the *Samyuktabhidharmahrdaysastrali
The Abhidharmakosa by Vasubandhuliv
The *Abhidharmamrtarasasastra by Ghosakalxix
The Chinese version of the *Samyuktabhidharmahrdayasastralxxvii
The importance of the *Samyuktabhidhdarmahrdayasastralxxxii
Chapter One: The Elements
-Homage to former noble persons and to the World honoured One (stanzas 1-2)8
-Impure and pure factors (stanzas 3-6)12
-The five aggregates (stanzas 7-14)15
-The twelve sense (-fields) (stanzas 15-19)23
-The eighteen elements (stanzas 20-22)33
-The difference between aggregate sense(-fields) and elements(stanzas 23-26)36
-Different categories among the eighteen elements (stanzas 27-50)40
-Characteristic marks of factors (stanzas 51-52)87
Chapter Two: Formations
-Being produced from the chain of dependent origination (stanzas 53-54)91
-Factors arising with every awareness (stanzas 55-60)92
-Accompanying mental factors (stanzas 61-63)100
-Material factors arising together (stanza 64)104
-Formations dissociated from awarenesses (stanzas 65-74)105
-The six causes (stanzas 68-76)109
-The differences in causes, and dependent origination (stanzas 77-82)125
-The four conditions (stanzas 83-88)131
-Limitation in name, in matter, and in time (stanza 89)138
-Increase of matter and the measure of being (stanza 90-93)140
Time and duration of life of beings (stanzas 94-95)143
-Conditioned factors as formations (stanza 96)147
Chapter Three: Action
-Action, three actions and five actions (stanzas 97-99)149
-Different categories of actions (stanzas 100-101)153
-Action that is unmanifesting (stanzas 102-113)157
-Restraint and non-restraint (stanzas 114-124)167
-The ten paths of action (stanzas 125-141)186
-Differences between actions (stanzas 142-152)207
-Fruits of actions (stanzas 153-163)219
-The three obstructions (stanzas 164-171)227
Chapter Four: Contaminants
-Contaminants and the ninety-eight contaminants (stanzas 172-180)239
-Characteristic marks of the ninety-eight contaminants (stanzas 181-197)249
-The ten contaminants (stanzas 198-206)267
-Secondary afflictions (stanzas 207-213)277
-Contaminants and secondary afflictions (stanzas 214-219)282
-Annihilation of defilement (stanzas 220-229)290
-Three forms of object, five forms of genesis of craving, what is associated with and what is dissociated from contaminants (stanzas 230-231)304
Chapter Five: Nobility
-Spiritual practice (stanzas 232-234)309
-The four applications of mindfulness (stanzas 235-237)314
-The four roots of merit (stanzas 238-240)323
-Noble persons in the path of vision (stanzas 241-251)329
-Noble persons in the spiritual path (stanzas 252-265)342
-Noble persons in the path of the adept (stanzas 266-273)355
-Religious merit of the nobles (stanzas 274-285)363
Chapter Six: Knowledge
-The ten knowledges (stanzas 274-285)379
-Different categories among the ten knowledges (stanzas 291-298)384
-Aspects of the ten knowledge (stanzas 299-303)391
-Acquisition of the ten knowledges (stanzas 304-313)396
-Other problems concerning the ten knowledges (stanzas 314-318)406
-Higher faculties (stanza 320-330)416
-Companions of awarenesses (stanzas 331-336)428
Chapter Seven: Concentration
-Kinds of concentration (stanzas 337-346)437
-Religious merit produced in the concentrations (stanzas 347-353)450
-Different categories of religious merit (stanzas 354-362)463
-Concentrations and religious merit (stanzas 363-377)477
-Magic awareness (stanzas 378-379)493
Chapter Eight: Sutra
-The meaning of 'sutra' (stanzas 380)499
-Giving, moral precepts and spiritual practice (stanzas 381-399)500
-The forty abodes in the three realms (stanzas 400-402)523
-The chain of dependent origination (stanzas 403-409)531
-Birth and courses (stanzas 410)537
-The six elements (stanza 411)539
-The four fruits (stanza 412-413)540
-The four fruits of sramana-ship(stanza 414)543
-The characteristic marks of the path (stanzas 415-416)543
The four kind of perfect faith (stanza 417)545
-The characteristic marks of development of concentration (stanzas 418-419)547
-The four footings of supernatural power, the four forms of right abandoning, the four applications of mindfulness, and the four traditional practices of a monk (stanzas 420-421)549
-The thirty-seven classes of enlightenment (stanzas 422-425)553
The four kinds of nutriment (stanza 426)560
-The three samadhis and the sixteen aspects (stanza 427)562
-The four perverted views (stanza 428)562
-The five views (stanzas 429-431) 565
-The twenty-two faculties (stanzas 432-441)568
-The supporting object of consciousness and of knowledge (stanzas 442-445)584
-Production of contaminants (stanzas 446-448)587
Chapter Nine: Miscellany
-Introduction (stanza 449)591
-Names differentiated for factors (stanzas 450-452)591
-Formations dissociated from awarenesses (stanzas 453-457)594
-The three unconditioned ones (stanzas 458-459)602
-Causes and fruits among the conditioned factors (stanzas 460-462)605
-Three problems concerning awarenesses and accompanying mental factors (stanza 463)607
-Craving for existence, craving for non-existence, and three elements (stanza 464)609
-Acquisition of the twelve awarenesses (stanza 465)611
-Sensual and unsensual factors among the ten factors belonging to the class of enlightenment (stanza 466)612
-Acquisition of being disjunctioned, being disjunctioned, and abandonment (stanza 467)613
-The path of vision, forms of perfect faith, periods of time, and spiritual practice (stanza 468)614
-Awarenesses and accompanying mental factors (stanza 469)615
Factors to be abandoned (stanza 470)616
-Fixed factors (stanza 471)617
-Accomplishment of faculties (stanza 472)619
-Five kinds of contact (stanza 474)620
-Aversion and nonattachment (stanza 474)622
-Awarenesses the arhat abides in for parinirvana (stanza 475)623
-The four forms of existence (stanza 476)624
-Three moments the devotee is extremely hindered by action (stanza 477)626
-Five kinds of actual entities (stanzas 478-479)627
-Nine fruits (stanza 480)629
-The kinds of footing of supernatural power (stanza 481)630
Three problems concerning entering the higher two realms by the anagamin (stanza 482)631
-The moment Buddha, the sovereign of the world and the pratyekabuddha rise in the world (stanzas)632
-Three problems concerning acquisition (stanzas 484-487)638
-The three doubled samadhis and transgressing samadhi (stanzas 488-491)641
The nature of proclaiming (stanzas 492-493)647
-Such three categories as what is to be burnt regarding the eighteen elements (stanza 494)649
-The four elements and the four worldly ones (stanza 495)650
-The roots of merit (stanzas 496-497) 651
-Uniqueness of consciousness of the mind (stanza 498)655
-The feeling one abides in with death and with rearising (stanza 499)655
Chapter Ten: Investigations
-The turning of the wheel of the doctrine and of the brahma-wheel (stanzas 500-502)657
-Restraint of fasting (stanzas 503-505)661
-The species of restraint (stanza 506)668
-Accomplishment of the body and of bodily action (stanza 507)670
-The four forms of descent into the womb (stanzas 508-509)671
-Bad action of the srotaapanna (stanza 510)673
-The four kinds of nutriment (stanzas 511-514)674
-Taking refuge with the three treasures (stanza 515)677
-The four forms of perfect faith (stanzas 516-517)679
-The four fruits of sramana-ship (stanzas 518-519)683
-One knowledge knowing all factors at one instant (stanza 520)684
-The four forms of antidote (stanza 521)685
-The four kinds of spiritual practice (stanza 522)686
-Defilement to be abandoned through vision and to be abandoned through spiritual practice (stanzas 523-524)688
-The functioning of the four conditions and of the six causes (stanzas 525-526)690
-The nature of awarenesses (stanza 527)692
-Successive arising of the twelve awarenesses (stanzas 528-534)695
-Successive arising of the twenty awarenesses (stanzas 535-546)702
-The right doctrine (stanza 547)713
-Diamond-like samadhi (stanza 548)715
-Three categories of six higher faculties (stanza 549)718
-The twenty-two faculties (stanza 550)719
-The conventional and the highest truth (stanza 551)720
-Intermediate existence (stanzas 552-554)722
-Knowledge, consciousness ad understanding (stanza 555)729
-Surpassing a kalpa (stanzas 556-557)730
-Disturbance of the mind and dismemberment of the limbs (stanza 558)736
-Falling back and not failing back (stanzas 559-557)739
-The bodhisattva (stanza 561)746
-The four forms of Sarvastivada (stanza 562)749
-Higher realization of the truth (stanza 563)751
-Existence of intermediate existence (stanza 564)755
-Existence of what exists (stanzas 565-566)758
-Conclusion (stanzas 567-570)761
Chapter Eleven: Discussion
-Acquisition of restraint (stanza 571)765
-Acquisition of the fruits of sramana-ship (stanza 572)765
-Being free from faults (stanza 573)766
-Acquisition of the one who falls back (stanza 574)766
-Good factors acquired in the path of vision (stanza 575)767
-Magic awareness (stanza 576)768
-Defilement to the abandoned through the proximate path (stanza 577)768
-Cessation of defilement by the one with proximate path (stanza 578)769
-Acquisition of clean stages with pureness (stanza 579)769
-Acquisition of what is not acquired yet (stanza 580)770
-Pure view of accomplishment of eight forms of patience and of seven knowledges (stanza 581)770
-Acquisition of a factor not acquired yet that is impure and with object at the limit (stanza 582)771
-Pure wisdom already produced and not produced yet (stanza 583)771
-The noble and being free from the desire of six stages (stanza 583)771
-Pure factors(stanza 585)772
-Extinguishing one kind of elements and two kinds of elements that abide previously (stanza 586)772
-Wisdom of the adept (stanza 587)773
-The eye-witness (stanza 588)774
-The arhat (stanza 589)775
-The faculty of the one who has fully understood (stanza 590)775
-The sense field matter (stanza 591)776
-Associated factors (stanza 592)776
-The anagamin (stanza 593)776
-The steadfast arhat (stanza 594)777
-Acquisition of three gates of liberation (stanza 595)777
-The moment of accomplishment of the fruits of sramana-ship (stanza 596)778
Contents Part II
List of Abbreviations and Symbolsxi
Survey of Chinese Dynasties and Kingdoms between 221 B.C. and A.D.907xv
Notes Introduction1
Notes Preface29
Notes Chapter One: The Elements37
Notes Chapter Two: Formations91
Notes Chapter Three: Actions141
Notes Chapter Four: Contaminants207
Notes Chapter Five: Nobility257
Notes Chapter Six: Knowledge309
Notes Chapter Seven: Concentration345
Notes Chapter Eight: Sutra387
Notes Chapter Nine: Miscellany451
Notes Chapter Ten: Investigations491
Notes Chapter Eleven: Discussion559
Contents Part III>
Sanskrit-Chinese Index of Technical Terms1
Chinese-Sanskrit Glossary of Technical Terms233
English-Sanskrit Glossary of Technical Terms293
Sanskrit-English Glossary of Technical Terms339
Sanskrit Index of Proper Names387
Chinese-Sanskrit Index of Proper Names391
General Index395
Chinese Text487
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