Date of Birth: April 3, 1939. Academic Status: Ph.D. (Agra University, 1965), British Private Investments In India. Professional Profile: Teaching (12 Years,, 1959-69): Public Relations Officer of Governor and Chief Minister, Department of Public Relations, Government of Haryana (1969-72).
Executive, FPA India. A voluntary organisation of national repute engaged in population management and reproductive health promotion. (Holding different executive positions from 1973 viz. Sr. Manager, Director, retired in May 2004 as Chief Executive (Secretary General). Assignments Abroad: Attended a number of workshops, meetings, seminars on family planning and population management help in China, Cairo, Japan, Bangkok, Combodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh. Proficiency in developing innovative projects, assessment/evaluation studies and raising progress reports. Current Position: Freelance Consultancy on Population Management and Reproductive Health. Edited several house journals and periodicals besides 20 books devoted to Hindi literature. Published work: Three books (Collection of self composed poems): Analytical Study of Shrimad Bhagavad. Articles/features on Geeta and Sunder Kand Various subjects available on important web sites.
If the Vedas are the bedrock of Indian culture, Shrimad Bhagavad Gita is the essence of Vedanta, the last of the knowledge, knowing which nothing remains to be known (Yajinatva neha bhuyo' nyajnatavyamavasisyate). In the words of Swami Vivekananda. Shrimad Bhagavad Gita is a bouquet composed of the beautiful flowers of spiritual truths collected from the Upanishads.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita had a divine messages which opens many-fold brings its readers/devotees nears to self-realization and self-knowledge. This unique scripture of world literature, in spite of being old and ancient, is very much modern and most recent.
Countless seers, sages, preceptors, researchers and intellectuals have tried to visualize and interpret, from their own perspectives, this wonderful and thrilling dialogue held between Shri Kishana, the Lord of Yoga and Partha – the great archer. Some had pronounced it as the Yoga of Detachment and Desireless Action, while others considered it as the doctrine of stable intellect. There are many for whom Shrumad Bhagavad Gita is an analytical description of the knowledge of knowledge's. (Jnanam Vijnanasahitam Yajnatva Moksyase' Subhat). For others it is critical review of the greatest secrets knowing which one gets liberation from all evils (rajavidya rajaguhyam pavitramidamuttamam). There are still others for whom Gita gives an awakening call to renounce this illusive world and discover the tranquil territories of the transcendental terrains. There are many more for whom Gita is an invite to take refuge in the Supreme Bliss, leaving aside different thoughts and reasoning (sarvadharmanparityajya mamekam saranam vraja). Still others consider it a reservoir of sacred inspirations for an exhausted, disheartened, deluded and a highly terrified man of modern age to fight against his present situations and challenges (ksudrarh hradayadaurbalyarh tyalctvottishtha parantapa). So much so that many a researchers are now engaged in tracing out, from Shrimad Bhagavad Gita, great mantras of today's corporate and financial management.
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita is, however Shrimad Bhagavad Gita which contains all such perspectives, and perceptions. It reflects a synthesis of wide ranging cross cutting views and value systems, life styles, traditions, and practices, dogmas and doctrines of its time. It establishes those universal truths which are the corner stone of our composite culture, viewing unity in diversity.
So much has been written on Shrimad Bhagavad Gita that any further writing by a novice like me would rather be an audacity or impudence. Yet, I had a long desire to make the original script available to our readers along with transcription in Hindi and English, at one place. Additionally, subject wise title for each sloka given and lesson learnt thereof be briefly described so that the nectar like message of this sacred scripture is understood and internalized by the reader whosoever he/ she may be: a man of modern age who, with killer instinct, is deeply deluded in today's competitive world to realize dividends for each of his action; a young person of Gen-next driven away from his roots or a singular devotee of Gita, earnestly engaged in the pursuit of the Supreme Bliss.
As all creatures, in spite of their different forms, colour and sizes are united with the Everlasting and Eternal Supreme-Being like clusters of gems strung on a string (Mayi sarvamidam protam sutre mamigana iva), the seven hundred slokas of Gita, spread over eighteen chapters, give a vivid view of perishable and imperishable, actions and ritualistic acts as also the divine and demonic tendencies. Revealing a variety of secrets of beings and non-beings, the mysteries of their inner and outer worlds, Shrimad Bhagavad Gita reflects that supreme knowledge, the light of lights which is enveloped by ignorance/ darkness (ajilanenavttam jilanam tena muhyanti jenteveh).
Exploring deep into all these subjects and identifying appropriate title for each sloka with lessons learnt thereof was no less than the Gyan-yajna. I am delighted that I have had the fortune of offering a very modest oblation into this sacred yajna and that too by a coincidence.
It was my incidental meeting with Shri Radhey Shyam Gupta. Shri Guptaji was sincerely endeavouring to provide space to the luster and radiance of the Vedic scriptures. For a pretty long period, he was engaged in a splendid and excellent job of increasing common man's outreach to India's cultural heritage and its spiritual wealth. None of the sacred scriptures of Indian wisdom did escape his attention whether it was related to Vedas or the great epics, including wide ranging classics. His endeavour to spread the message of spiritual scriptures in the original form together with transcription in Hindi and English was entirely original, exciting and wonderful. This was in fact, his inspiration that I am now able to present Shrimad Shagavad Gita to our learned readers in a new format, as per Shri Guptaji's resolve. I wish to offer my sincers thanks to him and his very capable son Shri Rajesh Kumar Gupta for the cooperation and affection I have had the privilege to receive from them during the course of my exercise.
It is my misfortune and a personal loss that in the process of the publication of the present work Shri Radhey Shyam Gupta suddenly passed away. He could not see the published version.
I respectfully bow my head to the imprints he has left behind.
I have greatly been benefited in getting an insight into the wisdom of Shrimad Shagvad Gita from the microscopic analysis made by great scholars and intellectuals like Mahrishi Aurobindo Ghose, Lokmanya Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Acharya Vinoba Shave, Or. S. Radha Krishnan, Swami Chinmayananda, Holy Saint Swami Ramsukh Oass, Shakti Vedant Swami Probhupad, Swami Chidananda, Swami Shivananda Saraswati, Shri Jagannath Prakash, Shri Ramanand Prasad, Shri Shivananda and many others. I, with great reverence, acknowledge their scholarships and express my deep sense of gratitude for the benefit I have drawn from their enriched interpretations and expositions on this sacred scripture.
I wish to offer my sincere thanks to professor V.R. Panchmukhi, an accomplished scholar of our ancient learning, who went through the entire manuscript and obliged us with his invaluable comments.
I owe a special word of sincere thanks to Shri Karthik Raman, Principal Coordinator Word Press, Shri Rajan Moderator and Chief Editor Utthishthita Groupzine, and highly affectionate Shri Nandu Abhyayankar, Head Sanskrit Web Team, for posting the English version of the exposition on their sites.
I would be failing in my duty, if I do not place on record my hearty appreciation for the efforts made in sustaining my interest in the job, by my very generous and righteous younger brother, Shri Radha Mohan Parashar. I have great appreciation for the care and concern I received from my wife, Shrimati Prem Lata Sharma together with my very enterprising children, during the accomplishment of the job, which I had taken-up despite my indifferent health.
Our learned readers, I am confident, shall be benefited from my modest exercise, because I believe that those who study this sacred dialogue with full faith, free from malice, get the happy worlds of virtuous deeds (sraddhavananasiiyasca srnuyadapi yo narah;so'pi muktah subhamllokanpranpuyatpunyakarmanam).
Brahma Sutras (81)
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