The usage of geometry in Indian art is an ancient practice and goes back to the earliest artistic aspirations of man. With the passage of time, geometrical forms acquired a subtle and complex symbology in Tantra, which broadly deals with theological practice and ritual in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist sects. Tantric practice also believes in the efficacy of yantras and mandalas, which have been illustrated in numerous medieval Tantric texts. Modern Indian art, which drew inspiration from traditional symbols, was first described by Dr. L.P. Sihare as Neo Tantra. He curated a comprehensive exhibition entitled Neo Tantra Contemporary Indian Painting inspired by Tradition which traveled to several cities in the United States in 1986 and Australia. However Neo Tantra is part of a larger manifestation of abstract art in India. The scope of practice of abstract symbolism has widened, to take cognizance of both national and international formulations. Ms. Rupika Chawla as curator takes a wide comprehensive view of the numerous facets of the subject. The National Gallery of Modern Art is pleased to present Symbolism and Geometry in Indian Art.
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