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Fundamentals of Chinese Culture

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About the Book As one of the world’s oldest civilized nation with 5000 years culture, China is a great nation nurtured by two spectacular mother river -the Yangtze River and Yellow River. It’s also a magical land pregnant with amazing tourist attractions like the Great Wall and Huangshan Mountain. There are fifty-six ethnic group such as Han, Zhuang and Manchu, etc. Living on this land and forming a harmonious big family. To understand China, feasting your eyes on beautif...
About the Book

As one of the world’s oldest civilized nation with 5000 years culture, China is a great nation nurtured by two spectacular mother river -the Yangtze River and Yellow River. It’s also a magical land pregnant with amazing tourist attractions like the Great Wall and Huangshan Mountain. There are fifty-six ethnic group such as Han, Zhuang and Manchu, etc. Living on this land and forming a harmonious big family.

To understand China, feasting your eyes on beautiful sceneries of great mountains and great rivers in necessary and important. However, if you want to have a best knowledge of China, you should step into the gorgeous palace of Chinese culture and explore her rich and time-honored history as you can’t expect an acuteinsignt into China before you have a good understanding of Chinese civilization.

Contents

 
Chapter One
 
Unit 1 The Origins of Chinese Characters 2
  Chinese Writing and Chinese Language 5
  Chinese Characters and Calligraphy 7
  Using the Same Character, the Same Track Gauge 9
  Four Treasures of the Study 11
  The Dialects 13
Unit 2 Names 15
  Greeting Styles 17
  Kinship Appellation 18
  Chinese Zodiac 19
Unit 3 The Traditional Calendar-The Agricultural Calendar 22
  The Twenty-four Solar Terms 23
  The Spring Festival 25
  The Pure Brightness Day 29
  The Dragon Boat Festival 31
  The Mid-Autumn Festival 34
  The Double Yang Festival 36
  The Temple Fair 38
Unit 4 The Emperors Yan and Huang 40
  Da Yu Controls the Water 42
  Pangu Creates the Universe 43
  Goddess Nuwa Makes Human Beings 45
  Houyi Shoots the Suns 47
Unit 5 The Cowherd and the Weaving Maid 49
  Meng Jiangnu 51
  Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai 53
  The Legend of the White Snake 54
  Hua Mu-lan 57
 
Chapter Two
 
Unit 1 Chinese Dragon Culture 62
  The Vicissitudes of the Dynasties 67
  Minority Ethnic Groups 70
  Family Ideology 72
  Marriage Customs 75
Unit 2 The Four Great Inventions 80
  The Abacus and Calculation 83
  Post Roads and Relay Stations 86
  The Sedan and Horse Carriage 89
Unit 3 Yellow River Culture 93
  The Silk Road 95
  The Great Wall 97
  The Terracotta Warriors 100
  The Five Sacred Mountains in China 103
  Lakes 106
Unit 4 Lao Tzu 110
  Chuang Tzu 113
  Confucius 116
  Mencius 120
  Mo Tzu 123
  Sun Tzu 127
  Han Fei Tzu 129
Unit 5 The Book of Songs 132
  Poetry of the South 134
  Han Fu and Han Yue Fu 136
  The Record of the Grand Historian, The History of the Western Han 139
 
Chapter Three
 
Unit 1 Yangtze River Culture 144
  Tea Culture 148
  Wine Culture 151
  The Eight Cuisines 154
Unit 2 Han Attire 159
  Cheongsam 163
  Chinese Folding Fans 165
  Folk Arts and Crafts 168
Unit 3 The Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China 173
  Palace Architecture 178
  Temple Architecture 181
Unit 4 Currency 185
  Traditional Chinese Medicine and Chinese Herbs 188
  Chinese Chess 191
  Martial Arts 194
  Folk Musical Theatre 197
  Traditional Folk Musical Instruments 200
  Chinese Painting 203
Unit 5 The Four Books and Five Classics 208
  The Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song Dynasty 211
  Tang Poetry 215
  Song Poetry 218
  Yuan Opera, Mixed Theater 221
  Novels of the Ming and Qing Dynasties 224
 
Chapter Four
 
Unit 1 Gardens 230
  Residences 239
  Imperial mausoleums 243
Unit 2 I-go 247
  Exorcising Dance 249
  Beijing Opera 254
  Kunqu Opera 257
  Local Operas 260
  The Dunhuang Murals 265
  Jingdezhen Porcelain 270
Unit 3 The Ancient Schools of Education 275
  The Imperial Examination Culture 279
  The Ancient Book-Collecting Culture 282
  Confucianism 286
  Taoism 290
  Buddhism 293
Unit 4 A Dream of Red Mansions 298
  Water Margin 301
  The Romance of the Three Kingdoms 304
  Journey to the West 307
Unit 5 The New Culture Movement 312
  Hu Shi 315
  Lu Xun 317
  Guo Moruo 321
  Mao Dun 324
  Ba Jin 328
  Lao She 331
  Cao Yu 334
Appendix A Brief Chronology of Chinese History 338
Sample Pages















Item Code: NAM537 Author: Zhu Fayuan, David Wu, Xia Hanning and Brad Goldhorn Cover: Paperback Edition: 2015 Publisher: Nepal Tianli Publication and Culture Company Pvt. Ltd. ISBN: 9789937897952 Language: English Size: 9.5 inch X 6.0 inch Pages: 344 (Throughout Illustrations) Other Details: Weight of the Book: 555 gms
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