superfine Tanjore painting portrays the All-Auspicious Supreme Lord Krishna who
appeared in the holy land of Braja and performed various wonderful pastimes to
exchange unconditional love among His beloved devotees who loved Him with all
their heart and soul. Although Krishna appeared just like an ordinary child,
all the residents of Vrindavan loved His association and always remained very
eager to see His moonlike face. Krishna being the source of all pleasure gave
them the highest form of pleasure.
bodily features are very attractive and enchanting; the soft and gentle smile
on His moonlike face is sweeter than honey, His eyes appear like the sun and
moon, His eyebrows are like the arrows that pierce everyone’s hearts softly and
lovingly, His lips are as red as a Bimba fruit. Krishna, the ever-youthful,
eternal, and ocean of beauty stands with a Surabhi Cow of Vrindavan. He is
also known as ‘Gopala’ and ‘Govinda’ because He is the protector of Cows and
gives pleasure to them. In this magnificent Tanjore style painting, the
All-Attractive Lord Krishna stands putting His lotus hands-on His curvaceous
waist, tilts His delicate neck toward one side, and brings a soft and gentle
smile on His face. Krishna’s sweet smile is very pleasing to see. He is clad in
a perfectly wrapped dhoti around the waist and legs down to His ankles. His
beauty excels even that of thousands of cupids. He holds His divine flute
‘Venu’ in His right hand, the transcendental sound of which, enchants every
living entity of Vrindavan and they develop immense love for Him. He is
elaborately decorated with several ornaments around His neck and the effulgence
of ‘Kaustubha gem’ in His necklace drives away the ignorance of the jivas of
this material world.
Tanjore painting is a traditional form of art in the South Indian
style and was started by the inhabitants of a small town known as
Thanjavur of Tamil Nadu. This gives it another name called
“Thanjavur painting”. This painting draws its figures, designs,
and inspiration from the time when Vedic culture was prevalent in
India. Certain remarkable features of a Tanjore painting
distinguish it from other paintings. Some of these are pure gold
or gold foil coating on gesso work, the use of rich and vivid
colors, and the inlay of cut-glass or semi-precious and precious
stones. The subjects of most of the Tanjore paintings are Hindu
Gods, Goddesses, and saints. The main devotional figure is
portrayed in the central portion of the painting and is usually
surrounded by various secondary figures.
The classic Tanjore paintings are done on wooden planks and hence
are also referred to as Palagai Padam in South India (Palagai =
Wooden plank, Padam = Picture). Creating a masterpiece is never an
easy task but the skilled artists of Thanjavur have been following
the tradition of making timeless Tanjore paintings for decades.
The making process begins with preparing the wooden board or
canvas. The size of the board depends upon the choice of the
patron. The next step is to paste cardboard over the wooden board
and then a cotton fabric is stretched and pasted upon it using
Now that the cloth is attached to the wooden panel, a rough sketch
of the motifs and figure is drawn onto the fabric. After this, a
paste of chalk powder and water-soluble adhesive is evenly applied
over the base and smoothed.
Thereafter, the outlines which were made or traced using a stencil
are now ready to be beautified and decked with various add-ons.
The usual materials for decoration are cut-glass, pearls,
semi-precious and precious gems, gold leaf, and laces. 22 or 18
Karat Gold leaves and gems of varied hues are especially inlaid in
areas like pillars, arches, walls, thrones, and dresses.
In the final step, the rest of the painting is filled with rich
and striking colors such as shades of red, blue, and green.
Formerly, the artists used natural colors like vegetable and
mineral dyes instead of chemical paints. The entire painting is
then cleaned and refined to give a flawless finished look.
Since the making of a single piece of Tanjore painting requires a
complex and elaborate process, the artists usually take at least
one or two months to complete it. The use of pure gold foil and
gems for beautification is a characteristic of an authentic
Tanjore painting. Due to this, Tanjore paintings last for
generations without getting tarnished and are much more expensive
than general paintings. Though the art form has undergone various
changes and technique modifications over the years, it continues
to attract the hearts of art lovers.
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