Kubera holds a variety of
titles within Hinduism, most notably being the god of wealth and riches. He is
also regarded as the god of fertility, a tutelary household spirit, the
protector of sailors, and God of the dead. In the Satapatha Brahmana,
he is the lord of thieves and criminals, and these are but a few different
titles he possesses. Despite having various titles and responsibilities, he is
often associated with having a lesser role in Hindu mythology in relation to
other deities. However, this does not mean that Kubera does not have a rich
history and importance within the mythological realm of the Hindu tradition.
One of the main reasons that Kubera is not regarded as being a prominent deity
is due, in part, to the lack of images and monuments dedicated to him. When he
is depicted in images, which mostly come from the Himalayan regions, Kubera has
a large potbelly and he holds a mongoose that vomits jewels when he squeezes
it. Another way he is depicted is as the guardian of the north and is portrayed
as a dwarfish figure with a large paunch, holding a money bag or a pomegranate.
He is also sometimes depicted riding on a man, which makes him unique in
relation to other gods, who usually are mounted on animals. Kubera is a lokapala or
“world guardian”, deities who are usually illustrated as being mounted on
animals such as elephants, whereas Kubera is described as being a naravahana or
“one whose mount is a man”. Although Kubera is regarded as a god in Hindu
mythology, he is also often depicted as a demon. The classification of Kubera
being a demon, therefore, cause some discrepancies in his physical appearance,
with some illustrations of him depicting a more hideous, monster-type figure.
In these portrayals, Kubera is described as being a pot-bellied, three-legged,
one-eyed dwarf with eight snaggle teeth. He is also often illustrated as having
ugly, black skin, again with a potbelly and is heavily jeweled, sits
cross-legged, and holds a purse. Despite these unsightlier physical attributes
associated with the demonic side of Kubera, many depictions of him offer a
gentler, appealing visual of the god, illustrating him with gold-colored skin
and studded with gems, a visual representation of his role as the lord of
wealth and prosperity.
The Hindu God Kubera Blessing us with The Pot of Wealth
Kubera’s lineage can be a
bit confusing, as different sources and literature state different familial
lines. In the Artharvaveda, Kubera is said to be the son of
Vaisravana. In the Mahabharata, he is the son of Vaisravana and
Idavida, and brother of Visravas; this is further complicated by the Puranas,
which states that Kubera was born to Visravas and Ilibila (Williams 190). He
also has a half-brother named Ravana, who is the notable demon in the Ramayana.
Kubera also has a wife, named Hariti and a daughter named Minaksi, who becomes
one of Siva’s wives. He also had a son, named Nalakubera. In addition to his
family, Kubera had a few close companions. Kubera is usually accompanied by two
friends named Yaksa and Yaksi. He is also associated socially with Charvi,
Danava, and Rambha. According to most accounts, Kubera is said to reside in a
palace in the country of Sri Lanka. However, Kubera does not live there
permanently, as he is driven out of his palace and the country by his
power-hungry half-brother Ravana. The relationship that Kubera and Ravana have
with one another does not prove to be very hospitable and cooperative, as they
are often depicted in feuds with each other. This hostile relationship
ultimately causes Kubera to relocate to a residence on Mount Kailasa, which is
also home to other deities, such as Siva.
Kubera and Lakshmi Tanjore Painting | Traditional Colors With 24K Gold | Teakwood Frame | Gold & Wood | Handmade | Made In India
Kubera is most notably known
as being the lord of riches and wealth, which includes the resources and
elements that are contained within the earth. As the ruling god of wealth and
riches, Kubera is responsible for possessing and distributing the wealth, as
well as guarding the earth’s treasures. He is granted the power to move the
earth’s riches from one place to another, and he often brought gems and precious
metals near the surface during the rule of righteous kings and hid them during
times of wickedness. Kubera exercises this power over the elements when
he sides with Rama in the war between Rama and Ravana, Kubera’s half-brother.
Kubera decides to align himself with Rama, rather than be loyal to his brother because Ravana dethrones and exiles Kubera from his palace in Sri Lanka. Ravana
does this in order to try and win himself a queen and kidnaps Rama’s wife,
Sita, causing there to be a war between the two men. Rama wages war on Ravana
for the actions taken against Sita, and by the end of the feud, Rama is
victorious. Kubera, who remained loyal to Rama throughout the feud, is granted
the responsibility of being the shepherd of all the precious stones in the
world, as a reward for his assistance in the war against Ravana. Kubera was,
therefore, allowed to dictate over these stones and control their movements,
which meant he could determine who had access to them.
Shri Mahalakshmi Kubera Yantra (Yantra For Good Luck, Money, Wealth, Prosperity and Good Fortune)
धनाकर्षण श्री लक्ष्मीकुबेर पूजा: Dhana Aakarshana (Method of Worshiping of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera)
श्रीकुबेर - लक्ष्मी पूजन व साधना - Shri Kubera - Lakshmi Puja and Sadhana (Marathi)
It is quite apparent that
the Hindu god of wealth possesses many different traits and abilities. Kubera
can be described as being a noble god, who possesses and distributes wealth and
riches, protecting it from the less desirable, corrupt peoples of the world.
However, he is regarded as having a more temperamental side showcasing a strict
and menacing personality, which sometimes causes him to be depicted as a demon.
Because of these dichotomies, it is difficult to fully comprehend what Kubera
looked like physically, as he is depicted in many different forms. It is also
unclear as to what his familial lineage looks like completely. Despite these
discrepancies, it is clear that Kubera was an important god in Hindu mythology.
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“Kubera”. In Myth: Myths and Legends of the World Explored. New
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(2008) Handbook of Hindu Mythology. New York: Oxford University
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