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The Aryan Debate: Debates In Indian History And Society

The Aryan Debate: Debates In Indian History And Society
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Item Code: IDE881
Author: Edited By: Thomas R. Trautmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press, New Delhi
Language: English
Edition: 2005
ISBN: 0195669088
Pages: 332 (B & W Illus: 9, Figures: 29, Maps: 11)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.75" X 5.75"
From the Jacket :

Did the Sanskrit-speaking Aryans enter India from Iran or Central Asia, or were they indigenous to India and authors of the Indus Civilization? This question is central to the debate that has informed Indian history writing, and has been strongly contested in public discussion for over a decade. This volume brings together a selection of significant writings since the eighteenth century to illustrate the historical development of the Aryan debate.

In a lucid introduction, Trautmann examines three groundbreaking discoveries that led to the debate: the discovery of the Indo-European language family, the discovery of the Dravidian language family, and the discovery of the Indus Civilization. He has also classified the readings included in this volume along two basic issues - the relation of the Aryans or Indo-Europeans to the Dravidians, and the relation of the Veda to the Indus Civilization.

This selection includes writings by William Jones, who was among the first to articulate the idea of the Indo-European language family, and by well-known archaeologists, historians, and modern interrogators such as Romila Thapar, Shereen Ratnagar, M.B. Emeneau, M.A. Mehendale, and Trautmann himself.

Trautmann describes the opposing interpretations in their political context, demonstrating clearly why the Aryan debate is so highly charged and contentious. The collection highlights the successful conjunction of archaeology, historiography, and philology in what forms one of the most controversial issues in the Indian public domain.

This book is important for teachers and students of ancient Indian history, archaeology, linguistics, and sociology. Due to the prominence of this debate in the public sphere, the volume will also interest journalists, anthropologists, and the informed general audience.

About the Author :

Thomas R. Trautmann is Marshall D. Sahlins Collegiate Professor of History and Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA.

CONTENTS

General Editor's Prefaceix
Prefacexi
Introductionxiii

PART ONE
STARTING POINTS: THE THREE DISCOVERIES

1.Indo-European
 Sir William Jones
3
2.The Dravidian Proof
 F.W.Ellis
6
3.The Indus Civilization
 Sir John Marshall
14

PART TWO
ARYANS AND DRAVIDIANS

4.Linguistic Prehistory of India
 M.B. Emeneau
25
5.Indo-Aryans, Indo-Iranians, and Indo-Europeans
 M.A. Mehendale
46
6.Vedic Aryans, Non-Vedic Aryans, and Non-Aryans
Judging the Linuistic Evidence of the Veda
 Madhav M. Deshpande
62
7.Constructing the Racial Theory of Indian Civilization
 Thomas R. Trautmann
84
8.Some Appropriations of the Theory of Aryan Race Relating to the Beginnings of Indian History
 Romila Thapar
106

PART THREE
THE VEDA AND THE INDUS CIVILIZATION

9.The End of the Harappan Civilization
 Shereen Ratnagar
131
10.It is Time to Rethink
 B.B. Lal
145
11.The Indus-Sarasvati Civilization: Beginning and Developments
 S.P. Gupta
157
12.Archaeology and Language
 Colin Renfrew
205
13.The Truant Horse Clears the Hurdles
 B.B. Lal
230
14.The Horse and the Language of the Indus Civilization
 Asko Parpola
234
15.Horse Remains from Surkotada
 Sandor Bokonyi
237
16.Comment on 'Horse Remains from Surkotada'
 Richard H. Meadow and Ajita Patel
243
17.The Domestication of the Horse in Asia
 David Anthony
251

The Indus Script

18.Decipherments of the Indus Script
 Kamil V. Zvelebil
254
Index274

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