AYODHYA: 6 December 1992

Item Code: IDF754
Publisher: Penguin Groups
Language: English
Edition: 2006
ISBN: 0670058580
Pages: 317
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.1" X 5.5"
Weight 460 gm
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Book Description

About the Book:

I cannot count how many people both friends and opponents have hurled at me the question, why did you not impose president's Rule in Uttar Pradesh in order to save the Babri Masjid from vandalism on 6 December 1992? Indeed this question must be examined..

P. V. Narasimha Rao was the prime minister of India when in December 1992, kar sevaks flouting a supreme Court order, streamed into Ayodhya in thousands. On 6 December to the horror of the entire nation they attacked the Babri Masjid and began to demolish the structure. The communal riots that followed ripped apart the secular fabric of the nation. Even today, the Ramajanmabhoomi- Babri Masjid dispute has not been resolved, and Ayodhya remains a hotbed of political intrigue and communal tension.

Could nothing have been done to prevent what happened at Ayodhya on 6 December 1992? Why did the Union government take no action when the Kar Sevaks were flouting a Supreme Court order? Why were paramilitary forces not deployed to protect the Babri Masjid when it was under imminent threat? Why did the state government of Uttar Pradesh not intervene in any way and why did senior BJP leaders watch helplessly even as the mosque was being torn down? And why did it take so long for President's Rule to be imposed on the state?

Ayodhya: 6 December 1992 records Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao's view of what really happened at Ayodhya and why. Comparing the 6 December 1992 incident with the unsuccessful attack on the Babri Masjid by Kar Sevaks in 1990, Rao discloses in no uncertain terms how the issue of building a Ram Mandir at Ayodhya was politized for electrol benefit. Discussing Article 356 of the constitution at length, he explains why it was inadvisable to place UP under President's Rule. Drawing on the Supreme Court order, parliamentary proceedings, eyewitness reports and his own political insights, he presents as comprehensive account of the machinations that led to the attack on the Babri Masjid and indicates who might have gained from it and how.

About the Author:

He was born in Karimnagar in the erstwhile state of Hyderabad in June 1921. After playing an active part in Hyderabad independence movement he served as a congress minister of the state in 1971. In 1977 he was elected to the Lok Sabha and went on to hold several cabinet posts under Indira and Rajiv Gandhi, including those of foreign minister and home minister. After Rajiv Gandhi's assassination in 1991, Rao was chosen to lead the congress party, and became prime minister of India. Leading a minority government Rao was the first prime minister from outside the Gandhi-Nehru family to serve out a full five-year term. His premiership is remembered for the liberation of the Indian economy and the move towards free-market reforms. Rao resigned as Congress president after the party lost the 1996 general elections. He died in December 2004.

Publisher Note ix
Chronology of Major Events related to Ayodhya x
Maps of Ramajanmabhoomi- Babri Masjid xviii
Introduction 1
Ramajanmabhoomi- Babri Masjid 3
Ayodhya 1949: Idols move into the Mosque 6
Ayodhya 1986: The opening of the Locks 23
Ayodhya 1989: The Shilanyas 45
Ayodhya 1990: The Crisis Averted 59
Ayodhya 1992: The Building Blocks of Dispute 88
Ayodhya: 6 December 1995 142
Why Was Article 356 Not Invoked 167
Ayodhya: What Happens And Why 181
Appendix 1 Major communal riots relating to Ramajanmabhoomi- Babri Masjid issue during 1989 and 1990 189
Appendix 2 Resolution adopted by the National Integration Council at its meeting held on 2 November 1991 at New Delhi 191
Appendix 3. Extract from the report of delegation of the members of the National Integration Council and Members of Pariliament to Ayodhya, 27 April 1992 193
Appendix 4 Prime Minister statement in Lok Sabha on 27 July 1992 198
Appendix 5 Prime Minister letter to leaders of political parties dated 27 September 1992 202
Appendix 6 Prime Minister intervention in the meeting of the National Integration Council on 23 November 1992 204
Appendix 7 Extracts from important affidavits of the Government of Uttar Pradesh, 1991-92 210
Appendix 8 Statement of important leaders of BJP/ VHP during the Build-up to the Kar Seva, November-December 1992 221
Appendix 9 Important communications written by Home Minister to the State Government of Uttar Pradesh from time to time in regard to Ramajanmabhoomi- Babri Masjid 227
Appendix 10 Letters fro Chief Minister Uttar Pradesh to the Central Government, November 1992 238
Appendix 11 Letters from the Union Home Minister to the Chief Minister Uttar Pradesh, 1-5 December 1992 243
Appendix 12 Prime minister statement in Parliament on 7 December 1992 in relation to the situation at Ayodhya 250
Appendix 13 Prime Minister intervention in the Lok Sabha on 21 December 1992 258
Appendix 14 The acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Ordinance, 1993 dated 7 January 1993 270
Appendix 15 Reference to the supreme Court Under Article 143 of the Constitution dated 7 January 1993 277
Appendix 16 Supreme Court Judgement dated 24 December 1994 279
Index 312

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