Dr.B.R.M.Subramania Chetty is the first candidate awarded Ph.D. in the
Department of English & Communications, Dravidian University. As a
former contact Lecturer in English, he endeared himself to the students over
a decade with his love for teaching. His translation work ‘Thirukkural,
Righteousness: Morals and Virtues’ was published by Dravidian University
As explaind by Dr. B.R.M. Subramania Chetty Sri Aurobindo’s mag-
num opus is Savitri. It reveals his spiritual vision Divine Life’ on earth. This
book brings out the significance of Savitri as a symbol for future, makes it
easy to understand the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo as transformative
experience in yoga, focuses on the all-embracing love of the Divine Mother
and highlights the vision of Divine Life for the transformation of human
Divine Life in Sri Aurobindo’s Savitri is my Ph.D. thesis
which forms the basis of this book. An epic is traditionally a long
narrative poem about the deeds of great heroes or a nation’s past
history and legends. It is not a recreation of the old things; it is
altogether a new creation, a new creation in terms of old things.
When there is a crisis of values in a society or race, an epic
comes into being to energise, expand and uplift the mortal spirits
to the immortal heights. As such Savitri has a world-wide
significance with the cosmic background; it is variously hailed
and admired by eminent scholars as an epic of soul, a cosmic
epic, a grand poem of humanity, an adventure in consciousness
and a cosmic geography in detail.
Thanks to the inspiration and the opportunity given by
Prof.G.Lakshminarayana, the former Vice-Chancellor of the
Dravidian University, I undertook in 2006 my research work on
Sri Aurobindo and Savitri in earnest.
The book consists of six chapters. In ‘Introduction’, Sn
Aurobindo as Seer-Poet, the influence of the age, his life and
works, his unique place in Indian writing in English, his
contribution to English literature and the theme of his work are
In ‘Savitri as an Epic’, Savitri as a legend and a symbol, its
theme and structure of epic, its poetic styles and qualities, epic
similes, the nature of mystic poetry and modernity in poetic
expression are described.
In ‘The Vision of Aswapati’, King Aswapati’s aspiration,
his Yoga, his vision of the Divine Mother and Her boon to
Aswapati are narrated.
In ‘The Mission of Savitri,’ the birth and quest of Savitri,
Narada’s prophesy and the nature of Fate, Savitri’s marriage with
Satyavan, the death of Satyavan, Savitri’s dialogue with Death,
her Gospel of Love, and her conquest of Love over Death and her
mission are described.
In ‘Divine Life on Earth’, the return of Savitri and Satyavan
to Earth, Satyavan’s awakening, their joy of new life, Sri
Aurobindo‘s concept of evolution of spiritual consciousness,
Supermind and Superman, the transformation of earthly life into
Divine Life are presented.
In ‘Conclusion’, the main points of investigation in research
are put together and Sri Aurobindo’s vision for future and Savitri
as a symbol for mankind are highlighted.
It seems strange that like Book XI and Book XII of
Paradise Lost, those of Savitri are not much commented upon in
works. Hence the focus of research work is on Book XI and XII
of Savitri. That the key to the theme of my research work lies in
the Epilogue of ‘Savitri’ is revealed to me by a voice, which, I
am sure, is that of Sri Aurobindo. It is surely his unfailing grace
as well as his guiding light that I have thus experienced in this
The fruit of the research work is the finding of Sn
Aurobindo’s unique mantra for the Art of Living: "Live in love
and give joy to all.’
I am most thankful to Prof. Kankanala Rathnaiah,
Vice-Chancellor, Dravidian University and Prof. P. Adinarayana
Reddy, Registrar for their keen interest in taking up the
publication of my research work as a worthy tribute to
I express my sincere thanks to my Guide, Dr. V. Nirmala,
Prof. M. Kumaraswamy Raju, Prof. Ch. A. Rajendra Prasad,
Dr. B. Tirupati Rao, Dept. of English and Communications.
I express my sense of gratitude to Dr. Prema Nandakumar,
for her deep love for Savitri and for giving a critical appreciation
of my research work.
My thanks are due to Prof. D. Sravan Kumar, Director,
Prasaaraanga for bringing out this book.
That the foundations of Indian culture are deeply embedded
in Dravidian culture is now an incontrovertible fact. Dravidian
culture is one of the most ancient cultures of the world. Though
cultures, slightly contemporaneous to one another, are slowly
fading out, the primordial Dravidian culture continues to thrive
without losing its quintessence in spite of the apparent changes in
systems of dress and address.
Dravidian University was established in 1997 to mirror the
real and rich picture of Dravidian culture not only in its
linguistic, literary, cultural and philosophical facets but also in
science and technological angles too.
The main objectives of Dravidian University are to augment
the common weal and social well-being of the communities of
marginal languages and to build bridges among the Southern
states. While working on each language separately in varied
areas, it alms at a synthesis and a discovery of the common
heritage through Comparative Studies.
The Centre for Publications and Extension Services is most
significant wing of the University because of its several on-going
Sri Aurobindo is a great revolutionary and freedom fighter,
a mahayogi and a mahakavi. His forty years of life at
Pondicherry is a sega of literary activities besides his sadhanas
and that his contribution of writings in English is unparalleled in
the world of literature. Savitri is his magnum opus, the epic of
soul. It is the greatest epic in English literature after Milton’s
Dr. B.R.M. Subramania Chetty is the first research scholar
from the Department of English and Communications, who has
been awarded Ph.D. for his thesis on Sri Aurobindo’s Savitri.
I congratulate him for having taken up a most challenging topic
for research and done his best in highlighting the significance of
Sri Aurobindo’s Savitri, and the relevance of his message for
changing the mental problem-ridden human consciousness into
all-loving Divine Consciousness on earth — a much needed and
awaited evolutionary leap for mankind — a dream, a promise, a
vision to be fulfilled and realized.
By bringing out this book, Dravidian University pays its
tribute to Sri Aurobindo, the Prophet of Nationalism, the Lover
of Humanity, and the Poet of Divinity. I wish Dr. B.R.M.
Subramania Chetty all success in his endevour and further
research work which, I am sure, will inspire younger generation
of scholars and readers as well.
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