Elements of Research Methodology in Sanskrit (Course Book of M. phil)

Elements of Research Methodology in Sanskrit (Course Book of M. phil)

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Item Code: IDK666
Author: Dr. Keshab Chandra Dash
Publisher: Chaukhambha Publications
Edition: 1992
Pages: 90
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 9.8" X 7.3"
Preface

Modern researches don't mean to discard the past. But it reshapes the authority of the past. It builds up a system afresh. It provides insight to create novelty out of the debris of antiquity.

No research is an end itself. Not even a theory is absolute. Because a piece of research realizes the limitation of human intellect. The methodological strategy, however, recognizes a claim of discovering and rediscovering the truth and utilizing the same wherever possible.

Research in method of Sanskrit teaching and research is more important than the teaching and research of Sanskrit to-day. To such a cause, this book is just the first work. Although it is written to provide some lights on the methodology of Sanskrit-researches it also contains facts of common interest. This presents a panoramic view of entire framework of research methodology.

The present shape of this book is an outcome of my experience as a guide of M. Phil and Ph. D. scholars who have a limited background of research methodology.

My acknowledgements are due to those whose inspirations are at the root of this work.

First of all, I gratefully acknowledge my debt to the Bhogilal Leherchand Institute of Indology, Delhi for its scholarly assistance to pursue research in my field. This book is a part of the result of such an incentive.

I sincerely express my deep sense of gratitude to Professor G. C. Nayak, Vice-Chancellor, and Shri S.K. Dashchoudhury, Comptroller of Finance, Shri Jagannath Sanskrit Vishvavidyalaya, Puri for their wise advice.

Finally, I enjoy my feelings of appreciation of the assistance rendered by my wife Smt. Subhadra Dash while preparing this book.

About the Book

Modern researches don't mean to discard the past. But it reshapes the authority of the past. It builds up a system afresh. It provides insight to create novelty out of the debris of antiquity.

No research is an end itself. Not even a theory is absolute. Because a piece of research realizes the limitation of human intellect. The methodological strategy, however, recognizes a claim of discovering and rediscovering the truth and utilizing the same wherever possible.

Research in method of Sanskrit teaching and research is more important than the teaching and research of Sanskrit to-day. To such a cause, this book is just the first work. Although it is written to provide some lights on the methodology of Sanskrit-researches it also contains facts of common interest. This presents a panoramic view of entire framework of research methodology.

The present shape of this book is an outcome of author's experience as a guide of M. Phil and Ph.D. scholars who have a limited background of research methodology.

Contents

Preface
INTRODUCTION3
0. Linguistic contribution of Sanskrit3
0.1 Link Language Problem3
0.2 Indian Literature4
0.3 Common Inheritance5
0.4 Sanskrit and Asian Studies7
0.5 Modern Sanskrit Literature7
0.5.1 Modern Sanskrit Novel8
0.5.2 Modern Sanskrit Drama9
0.5.3 Modern Sanskrit Poetry9
0.5.3.1 The Background10
0.5.3.2 Who are the Poets?11
0.5.3.3 The Publication11
0.5.3.4 Journals and Magazines11
0.5.3.5 Readers12
0.6 Sanskrit Magazines12
0.6.1 Thematic Approach14
0.6.2 Didactic Approach14
0.6.3 Co-ordinative Approach14
0.6.4 Stylistic Approach15
0.6.5 Ling for Missing-Link Approach15
0.7 Modern Sanskrit Style16
0.8 Sanskrit and Computer16
0.9 Conclusion17
0.1 FUNDAMENTALS OF RESEARCH18
1.0 Introduction18
1.1 What is Research?18
1.2 The Characteristics of Research18
1.3 Aim of Research19
1.4 Scope of Research20
1.5 The Problem and the Field20
1.6 Bibliographical Source21
1.7 Types of Research22
1.7.1 Analytical23
1.7.2 Comparative23
1.7.3 Critical24
1.7.4 Editing24
1.7.5 Experimental24
1.7.6 Historical25
1.7.7 Interdisciplinary25
1.7.8 Multidisciplinary25
1.7.9 Objective26
1.7.10 Survey26
1.8 Qualifications for Research in Sanskrit27
1.8.1 Specialisation and Proficiency27
1.8.2 Command over the Language27
1.9 Selection of Topic28
1.10 The Synopsis28
1.10.1 Kinds of Synopses29
1.10.2 The Frame work of a Synopsis29
2RESEARCH TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGY31
2.1 Ancient Devices31
2.1.1 atikrantaveksana32
2.1.2 atidesa32
2.1.3 adhikarana32
2.1.4 anagataveksana33
2.1.5 anumata33
2.1.6 apadesa33
2.1.7 apavarga33
2.1.8 arthapatti33
2.1.9 uttarapaksa33
2.1.10 uddesa33
2.1.11 uddhara34
2.1.12 upadesa34
2.1.13 upamana34
2.1.14 uhya34
2.1.15 ekanta34
2.1.16 drstanta34
2.1.17 nidarsana34
2.1.18 niyoga34
2.1.19 nirnaya35
2.1.20 nirdesa35
2.1.21 nirvacana35
2.1.22 naikanta35
2.1.23 padartha35
2.1.24 purvakaksa35
2.1.25 pratyutsara35
2.1.26 pradesa35
2.1.27 prayojana36
2.1.28 prasanga36
2.1.29 yoga36
2.1.30 vakyasesa36
2.1.31 vikalpa36
2.1.32 vidhana36
2.1.33 viparyaya36
2.1.34 vyakhyana37
2.1.35 samsaya37
2.1.36 samuccaya37
2.1.36 samuccaya37
2.1.37 sambhava37
2.1.38 svas amjna37
2.1.39 hetvartha37
2.2 Modern Methods37
2.2.1 Applied38
2.2.2 Assessment38
2.2.3 Case Study38
2.2.4 Descriptive39
2.2.5 Formulative39
2.2.6 Projective39
2.3 Frame work of Survey39
2.4 Research Design41
3. DOCUMENTATION43
3.1 Organisation43
3.2 Logic of Footnotes44
3.3 Primary Footnotes45
3.4 Footnote Numbers46
3.5 Model Footnotes48
3.6 Articles in Periodicals48
3.6.1 Model Footnotes for Articles:48
3.7 Parenthetical Documentation48
3.8Secondary Footnotes 49
3.9 Common Abbreviations49
3.10 Transliteration50
3.11 Cross-reference51
4. MANUSCRIPTOLOGY52
4.0 Introduction52
4.1 Nature of Manuscript52
4.2 Collection and Preservation52
4.2.1 Procedure of Preservation53
4.2.1.0 Microfilming53
4.3. Descriptive catalogue54
4.3.1 Procedure of Description55
4.4 Critical Edition57
4.4.1 Critical Apparatus58
4.4.2 The Editor58
4.4.3. Method of Editing59
4.4.3.0 Collation and Corruption59
4.4.3.0.1 Haphazardness and Efforts to Eliminate it:60
4.4.3.0.2 Lapses60
4.4.4 Recording the Observation61
4.4.4.0 Source61
4.4.4.1 Nature62
4.4.4.2 Selection62
4.4.4.3 Method62
4.4.4.4 The Text62
4.4.4.5 The Author63
4.4.4.6 Conclusion63
4.4.4.7 Appendix63
5 PRESENTATION65
5.0 General Structure of the Thesis.65
5.0.1 Preliminary structure65
5.0.2 Central Structure65
5.0.3 Reference Structure65
5.0.1.1 Title Page66
5.0.1.2 Acknowledgement Page66
5.0.1.3 Preface66
5.0.1.4 Table of Contents67
5.0.2.1 Introduction67
5.0.2.2 Main Body and Chapters67
5.0.2.3 Conclusion68
5.0.3.1 General Notes69
5.0.3.2 Bibliography69
5.0.3.3 Appendix70
5.0.3.4 Glossary71
5.0.3.5 Index71
5.0.4. Illustrations71
5.0.4.1 Tables71
5.0.4.2 Figures72
5.0.5 Quotations72
5.1Mechanism of Typing73
5.2 Language and Style.75
6 TRANSLATION77
6.1 Approach78
6.2 Transposition and Naturalness79
6.3 Procedure79
6.4 Final Step80
7 PROJECT PROPOSAL81
8 Appendix-'A'83
List of Important Institutions83
9Appendix-'B'85
List of Some Foreign Research Journals85
10 Appendix-'C'87
List of Important Sanskrit Magazines87
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY89
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