Teaching, learning and evaluation are the three important
activities of educational. system and they are independent as well as
interdependent activities. For the system to be more effective all the
activities should be given equal importance. The ineffectiveness of any
one of these will affect the system inexplicably. But the first two are, to a
greater extent, emphasized in the educational system. Evaluation, as
such, is not cared enough not only in language education but in other
studies also. In fact, the process and product are very much important as
far as evaluation is concerned. Apart from these two factors, namely,
process and product, the ultimate objective of language education is to
scientifically and systematically evaluate the competence and
performance of the learners.
The National Testing Service-India established in the Central
Institute of Indian Languages to cater to the successful pedagogical needs
of scientific and systematic teaching, learning and evaluation in different
levels of language education has three primary objectives, namely,
(i) creation of nationwide consensus and awareness about concrete
methods and purposes of evaluation, (ii) production of basic reference
materials and (iii) development of training human resources in this area.
The NTS-India has been conducting orientation programmes for the
teachers for the successful implementation of the stimulating research
findings of the NTS and in the concepts of testing and evaluation and
also in the preparation of question item writing.
The NTS-I has initiated the programmes to prepare the conceptual
explanations of evaluation, language, literature aspects and other related
fields with suitable illustrations in all the Indian languages. Developing
scales and other testing tools to determine overall competence of students
in language and literature is one of the main objectives of the National
Testing Service. The work has been initially started in Hindi, Tamil and
Urdu and now extended to Assamese, Nepali, Oriya and Maithili. It will
be extended to other Indian languages also in the near future.
7 The NTS has already published the conceptual explanations of
evaluation in Hindi, Urdu and Kannada. A similar material is under way
in Oriya, Maithili, Assamese and Tamil.
The NTS has done significant progress and produced 15 books so
far. This is 16'" publication and third in Tamil series. The material
comprises essays on language testing in Tamil. Dr. M. Balakumar,
Officer-In-charge, NTS-I deserves appreciation for this achievement.
This material will be proved to be useful for the scholars active in
the fields of teaching, learning, evaluation, development of syllabi and
text book preparation and other allied areas especially in Tamil
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