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Books > Hindu > Sanskrit > A Handbook of Sanskrit Prosody
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A Handbook of Sanskrit Prosody
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A Handbook of Sanskrit Prosody
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Introduction

Almost all the padyakavyas or poetical compositions in Sanskrit follow a metrical structure. Therefore to understand and appreciate them the knowledge of metrics or chandas is essential. The current work aims to serve as an introduction to the main Sanskrit metres. The examples given and the several indexes provided would enable the interested reader to become familiar with the commonly used metres and to identify them.

This book is divided into two sections. The section one explains the place of chandas in Indian literature, the history of chandas and chandasastras, the classification of chandas and the rules governing them. The section two deals with nineteen major and well-known metres along with explanations and examples collected from various sources. Each sloka is followed by its English translation. This section begins with a verse of Valmiki, the adikavi, through an example of Anustup metre, and ends with a verse of Kalidasa, one of the greatest poets of Sanskrit literature, through an example of Sragdhara.

In section three there are several appendixes. The first appen- dix gives the list of 26 genera or classes of chandas. The second appendix contains the alphabetical list of ganas or syllabic feet. The third appendix is an alphabetical list of the names of 121 chandas. The fourth appendix presents the explanation of all the 121 chandas along with their definitions and scheme of ganas. The second, third and the fourth appendixes are all interlinked. The fifth appendix has a note on matra chandas or metres regulated by syllabic instants. Apart from these five appendixes this section also has indexes to the names of the chandas and their meanings, examples to illustrate all varieties of upajati metre, all the sources from which examples appearing in the book are taken, all the slokas appearing in this book and a list of books referred to in this presentation.

 

Contents

 

Preface i
Introduction v
Chandas and their Significances vi
SECTION I. Chandas and their Basic Principles  
Introduction  
Chandasastra and the texts on chanda 1
Use of chandas 2
Rules of Chanda  
Chanda or Metre 4
Padya or Verse 4
Pdda or Quarter 4
Aksara or Syllables 4
Laghu or Short Syllables 5
Guru or Long Syllables 5
Matra or Metrical-Unit 6
Verse Classification 6
Vrttachanda 6
Samavrtta or even metre 6
Ardhasamavrtta or Half-even Metres 8
Visamavrtta or Uneven Metres 8
Jati 9
Yati or Metrical Pause 10
Sentential Pause 10
Harmonic Pause 10
Scanning of the chandas 10
Gana 10
Classification of ganas 11
Description of ganas 11
Schematic Representation of the gana 11
Conclusion 12
SECTION II. Popular Sanskrit Metres  
Metres with Eight Syllables  
Anustup 13
Metres with Eleven Syllables  
Indravajra 17
Upendravajra 21
Upajatih 25
Salini 29
Rathoddhata 33
Metres with Twelve Syllables  
Vamsasthavilam 37
Bhujangaprayatam 41
Totakam 45
Metres with Thirteen Syllables  
Praharsini 49
Metres with Fourteen Syllables  
Vasantalilakam 53
Metres with Fifteen Syllables  
Malini 57
Tunakam 61
Metres with Sxteen Syllables  
Pancacamaram 65
Metres with Seventeen Syllables  
Sikharini 69
Prthvi 73
Mandakranta 77
Metres with Nineteen Syllables  
Sardulavikriditam 81
Metres with Twentyone Syllables  
Sragdhara 85
SECTION III. Appendixes  
Appendix I 89
Appendix II 90
Appendix III 94
Appendix IV 98
Matra Chandas or Metres of Syllabic Instants 126
Names of the Chandas and their Meanings 130
Examples of Fourteen Varities of Upajati 134
Index to the Sources of the Examples ... 137
Shloka Index 140
Bibliography 152

 

Sample Pages












A Handbook of Sanskrit Prosody

Item Code:
NAC327
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2011
ISBN:
9788170603153
Language:
Sanskrit Text, Translation and Metrical Notes
Size:
7.2 Inch X 4.8 Inch
Pages:
142
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 160 gms
Price:
$15.00   Shipping Free
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Introduction

Almost all the padyakavyas or poetical compositions in Sanskrit follow a metrical structure. Therefore to understand and appreciate them the knowledge of metrics or chandas is essential. The current work aims to serve as an introduction to the main Sanskrit metres. The examples given and the several indexes provided would enable the interested reader to become familiar with the commonly used metres and to identify them.

This book is divided into two sections. The section one explains the place of chandas in Indian literature, the history of chandas and chandasastras, the classification of chandas and the rules governing them. The section two deals with nineteen major and well-known metres along with explanations and examples collected from various sources. Each sloka is followed by its English translation. This section begins with a verse of Valmiki, the adikavi, through an example of Anustup metre, and ends with a verse of Kalidasa, one of the greatest poets of Sanskrit literature, through an example of Sragdhara.

In section three there are several appendixes. The first appen- dix gives the list of 26 genera or classes of chandas. The second appendix contains the alphabetical list of ganas or syllabic feet. The third appendix is an alphabetical list of the names of 121 chandas. The fourth appendix presents the explanation of all the 121 chandas along with their definitions and scheme of ganas. The second, third and the fourth appendixes are all interlinked. The fifth appendix has a note on matra chandas or metres regulated by syllabic instants. Apart from these five appendixes this section also has indexes to the names of the chandas and their meanings, examples to illustrate all varieties of upajati metre, all the sources from which examples appearing in the book are taken, all the slokas appearing in this book and a list of books referred to in this presentation.

 

Contents

 

Preface i
Introduction v
Chandas and their Significances vi
SECTION I. Chandas and their Basic Principles  
Introduction  
Chandasastra and the texts on chanda 1
Use of chandas 2
Rules of Chanda  
Chanda or Metre 4
Padya or Verse 4
Pdda or Quarter 4
Aksara or Syllables 4
Laghu or Short Syllables 5
Guru or Long Syllables 5
Matra or Metrical-Unit 6
Verse Classification 6
Vrttachanda 6
Samavrtta or even metre 6
Ardhasamavrtta or Half-even Metres 8
Visamavrtta or Uneven Metres 8
Jati 9
Yati or Metrical Pause 10
Sentential Pause 10
Harmonic Pause 10
Scanning of the chandas 10
Gana 10
Classification of ganas 11
Description of ganas 11
Schematic Representation of the gana 11
Conclusion 12
SECTION II. Popular Sanskrit Metres  
Metres with Eight Syllables  
Anustup 13
Metres with Eleven Syllables  
Indravajra 17
Upendravajra 21
Upajatih 25
Salini 29
Rathoddhata 33
Metres with Twelve Syllables  
Vamsasthavilam 37
Bhujangaprayatam 41
Totakam 45
Metres with Thirteen Syllables  
Praharsini 49
Metres with Fourteen Syllables  
Vasantalilakam 53
Metres with Fifteen Syllables  
Malini 57
Tunakam 61
Metres with Sxteen Syllables  
Pancacamaram 65
Metres with Seventeen Syllables  
Sikharini 69
Prthvi 73
Mandakranta 77
Metres with Nineteen Syllables  
Sardulavikriditam 81
Metres with Twentyone Syllables  
Sragdhara 85
SECTION III. Appendixes  
Appendix I 89
Appendix II 90
Appendix III 94
Appendix IV 98
Matra Chandas or Metres of Syllabic Instants 126
Names of the Chandas and their Meanings 130
Examples of Fourteen Varities of Upajati 134
Index to the Sources of the Examples ... 137
Shloka Index 140
Bibliography 152

 

Sample Pages












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