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LANGUAGE
Pages from the book
LANGUAGE
Look Inside the Book
Description

About the Book:

The book presents the fundamentals of Linguistics and the historical survey of languages to the reader without any complication and obscurity. It is a valuable book for students and scholars of linguistics.

The author has followed the traditional order of presentation. He begins with the survey of languages of the world, proceeds with the study of phonetic structure, grammatical forms, syntax and morphology, each being the indispensable preliminary to the study of the ensuing one.

The book is divided into 38 chapters which give a detailed and thorough knowledge of the subject on all important issues, such as analogic and semantic changes, Cultural, Intimate and Dialect Borrowings and scores of other points related to the subject. Of these Chapter 24 Semantic Change, and Chapter 25 Cultural Borrowings are much palatable. It is in these Chapters that the reader can get right away from the mechanics of language and follow the play of human mind.

The book is documented with notes, bibliography, table of Phonetic symbols and Index.

 

Preface

This book is a revised version of the author’s Introduction to the Study 0f Language, which appeared in 1914 (New York, Henry Holt and Company). The new version is much larger than the old, because the science of language has in the interval made progress, and because both men of science and the educated public now at- tribute greater value to an understanding of human speech. Like its predecessor, this book is intended for the general reader and for the student who is entering upon linguistic work. Without such an introduction, specialized treatises are unintelligible. For the general reader an orderly survey is probably more interesting than a discussion of selected topics, for these, after all, cannot be understood without their background. No one will ask for an anecdotal treatment who has once opened his eyes to the strangeness, beauty, and import of human speech.

The deep-rooted things about language, which mean most to all of us, are usually ignored in all but very advanced studies; this book tries to tell about them in simple terms and to show their bearing on human affairs. In 1914 I based this phase of the ex- position on the psychologic system of Wilhelm Wundt, which was then widely accepted. Since that time there has been much upheaval in psychology; we have learned, at any rate, what one of our masters suspected thirty years ago, namely, that we can pursue the study of language without reference to any one psychological doctrine, and that to do so safeguards our results and makes them more significant to workers in related fields. In the present book I have tried to avoid such dependence; only by way of elucidation I, have told, at a few points, how the two main present- day trends of psychology differ in their interpretation. The mentalists would supplement the facts of language by a version in terms of mind, —a version which will differ in the various schools of mentalistic psychology. The mechanists demand that the facts be presented without any assumption of such auxiliary factors. I have tried to meet this demand not merely because I believe that mechanism is the necessary form of scientific discourse, but also because an exposition which stands on its own feet is more solid and more easily surveyed than one which is propped at various points by another and changeable doctrine. I have tried everywhere to present the accepted views, not even avoiding well used standard examples; on disputed matters I have tried to state the point at issue; and in both cases I have given references, in the Notes and Bibliography, which will enable the reader to look into things, and, if he chooses, to arrive at an opinion of his own.

Thanks are due to many scholars who contributed help and in- formation, and to the publisher, the printer, and the very able typesetter, all of whom devoted great care to the making of this book.

 

PREFACE TO THE BRITISH EDITION

This edition differs from the American form of this book (New York, l933) in two respects: the phonetic symbols conform to the usage of the International Phonetic Association, and the transcriptions of English forms represent a polite type of British (‘Received’ or ‘Public School') pronunciation. Moreover, a few corrections have been embodied in the text. All these changes were subject to a limitation imposed by the method of manufacturing the book: the paging and alignment of the American edition had to be kept. Accordingly, the reader will find some American features (such as the spelling -or for -our) and some passages where the point of view (e.g., as to topography) is American. However, in all cases where corrections or additions seemed to have material bearing, these have been either incorporated into the text, or, where this could not be done, added in a list at the end of the book. For most of these improvements I am indebted to Professors R. G. Kent and D. Jones; the criticism and the published works of Professor Jones have aided me especially as to British pronunciation.

 

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

  1. THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
  2. THE USE OF LANGUAGE
  3. SPEECH-COMMUNITIES
  4. THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD
  5. THE PHONEME
  6. TYPES OF PHONEMES
  7. MODIFICATIONS
  8. PHONETIC STRUCTURE
  9. MEANING
  10. GRAMMATICAL FORMS
  11. SENTENCE-TYPES
  12. SYNTAX
  13. MORPHOLOGY
  14. MORPHOLOGIC TYPES
  15. SUBSTITUTION
  16. FORM-CLASSES AND LEXICON
  17. WRITTEN RECORDS
  18. THE COMPARATIVE METHOD
  19. DIALECT GEOGRAPHY
  20. PHONETIC CHANGE
  21. TYPES OF PHONETIC CHANGE
  22. FLUCTUATION IN THE FREQUENCY OF FORMS
  23. ANALOGIC CHANGE
  24. SEMANTIC CHANGE
  25. CULTURAL BORROWING
  26. INTIMATE BORROWING
  27. DIALECT BORROWING
  28. APPLICATIONS AND OUTLOOK

NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

TABLE OF PHONETIC SYMBOLS

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS

INDEX

Sample Pages




 

LANGUAGE

Item Code:
IDD582
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
1996
ISBN:
8120811968
Size:
8.5" X 5.5"
Pages:
576
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 542 gms
Price:
$27.50   Shipping Free
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About the Book:

The book presents the fundamentals of Linguistics and the historical survey of languages to the reader without any complication and obscurity. It is a valuable book for students and scholars of linguistics.

The author has followed the traditional order of presentation. He begins with the survey of languages of the world, proceeds with the study of phonetic structure, grammatical forms, syntax and morphology, each being the indispensable preliminary to the study of the ensuing one.

The book is divided into 38 chapters which give a detailed and thorough knowledge of the subject on all important issues, such as analogic and semantic changes, Cultural, Intimate and Dialect Borrowings and scores of other points related to the subject. Of these Chapter 24 Semantic Change, and Chapter 25 Cultural Borrowings are much palatable. It is in these Chapters that the reader can get right away from the mechanics of language and follow the play of human mind.

The book is documented with notes, bibliography, table of Phonetic symbols and Index.

 

Preface

This book is a revised version of the author’s Introduction to the Study 0f Language, which appeared in 1914 (New York, Henry Holt and Company). The new version is much larger than the old, because the science of language has in the interval made progress, and because both men of science and the educated public now at- tribute greater value to an understanding of human speech. Like its predecessor, this book is intended for the general reader and for the student who is entering upon linguistic work. Without such an introduction, specialized treatises are unintelligible. For the general reader an orderly survey is probably more interesting than a discussion of selected topics, for these, after all, cannot be understood without their background. No one will ask for an anecdotal treatment who has once opened his eyes to the strangeness, beauty, and import of human speech.

The deep-rooted things about language, which mean most to all of us, are usually ignored in all but very advanced studies; this book tries to tell about them in simple terms and to show their bearing on human affairs. In 1914 I based this phase of the ex- position on the psychologic system of Wilhelm Wundt, which was then widely accepted. Since that time there has been much upheaval in psychology; we have learned, at any rate, what one of our masters suspected thirty years ago, namely, that we can pursue the study of language without reference to any one psychological doctrine, and that to do so safeguards our results and makes them more significant to workers in related fields. In the present book I have tried to avoid such dependence; only by way of elucidation I, have told, at a few points, how the two main present- day trends of psychology differ in their interpretation. The mentalists would supplement the facts of language by a version in terms of mind, —a version which will differ in the various schools of mentalistic psychology. The mechanists demand that the facts be presented without any assumption of such auxiliary factors. I have tried to meet this demand not merely because I believe that mechanism is the necessary form of scientific discourse, but also because an exposition which stands on its own feet is more solid and more easily surveyed than one which is propped at various points by another and changeable doctrine. I have tried everywhere to present the accepted views, not even avoiding well used standard examples; on disputed matters I have tried to state the point at issue; and in both cases I have given references, in the Notes and Bibliography, which will enable the reader to look into things, and, if he chooses, to arrive at an opinion of his own.

Thanks are due to many scholars who contributed help and in- formation, and to the publisher, the printer, and the very able typesetter, all of whom devoted great care to the making of this book.

 

PREFACE TO THE BRITISH EDITION

This edition differs from the American form of this book (New York, l933) in two respects: the phonetic symbols conform to the usage of the International Phonetic Association, and the transcriptions of English forms represent a polite type of British (‘Received’ or ‘Public School') pronunciation. Moreover, a few corrections have been embodied in the text. All these changes were subject to a limitation imposed by the method of manufacturing the book: the paging and alignment of the American edition had to be kept. Accordingly, the reader will find some American features (such as the spelling -or for -our) and some passages where the point of view (e.g., as to topography) is American. However, in all cases where corrections or additions seemed to have material bearing, these have been either incorporated into the text, or, where this could not be done, added in a list at the end of the book. For most of these improvements I am indebted to Professors R. G. Kent and D. Jones; the criticism and the published works of Professor Jones have aided me especially as to British pronunciation.

 

CONTENTS

CHAPTER

  1. THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
  2. THE USE OF LANGUAGE
  3. SPEECH-COMMUNITIES
  4. THE LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD
  5. THE PHONEME
  6. TYPES OF PHONEMES
  7. MODIFICATIONS
  8. PHONETIC STRUCTURE
  9. MEANING
  10. GRAMMATICAL FORMS
  11. SENTENCE-TYPES
  12. SYNTAX
  13. MORPHOLOGY
  14. MORPHOLOGIC TYPES
  15. SUBSTITUTION
  16. FORM-CLASSES AND LEXICON
  17. WRITTEN RECORDS
  18. THE COMPARATIVE METHOD
  19. DIALECT GEOGRAPHY
  20. PHONETIC CHANGE
  21. TYPES OF PHONETIC CHANGE
  22. FLUCTUATION IN THE FREQUENCY OF FORMS
  23. ANALOGIC CHANGE
  24. SEMANTIC CHANGE
  25. CULTURAL BORROWING
  26. INTIMATE BORROWING
  27. DIALECT BORROWING
  28. APPLICATIONS AND OUTLOOK

NOTES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

TABLE OF PHONETIC SYMBOLS

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS

INDEX

Sample Pages




 

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