Foreign invaders took advantage of India's disunity. Some time in the 12th century, the Afghan Chief, Shahabuddin Ghori (also known as Mohammad of Ghor) captured the empire of Mahmud of Ghazni and became the new ruler of Ghazni.
With the taking of Lahore, he started his incursions into India. He marched to Delhi, which was then ruled by the valiant Rajput king, Prithviraj Chauhan. He was defeated at the battle of Tarain.
The following year Mohammad returned to India and again met the forces of the Rajput king on the same battlefield. This time the Muslim invader inflicted a crushing defeat on the Hindu army.
This second battle proved to be a turning point in Indian history. It put an end to the Hindu Empire in Northern India forever and established Muslim rule.
Prithviraj Chauhan was a famous king and warrior. He was noted for his valour and chivalry. Despite his defeat and death, his name has been immortalised and he has become the hero of many legends. The story of Prithviraj Chauhan as told in the following pages is based on these legends.
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