Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts
Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written
religious articles and product discounts.
Your interests (Optional)
This will help us make recommendations and send discounts and sale information at times.
By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
.
By subscribing, you will receive our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month. All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info@exoticindia.com.

Please read our Privacy Policy for details.
|6
Sign In  |  Sign up
Your Cart (0)
Best Deals
Share our website with your friends.
Email this page to a friend
Books > Hindu > Vaishnav > Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Displaying 1435 of 7477         Previous  |  NextSubscribe to our newsletter and discounts
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Pages from the book
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)
Look Inside the Book
Description
Back of the Book

This translation of Purusa-sukta includes the commentary of ancient authorities such as Saunaka and Sayana. The corresponding verses in Bhagavatam are also shown, accompanied with Sridhara Svami's and Visvanatha Cakravarti's commentaries.

Introduction

Srimad Bhagavatam combines poetry and philosophical conclusions: Purusa-sukta is the origin of that methodology. It is the most fundamental text of Vedic culture. Brahma worshiped Ksirodaka-sayi Visnu by mentally reciting the Purusa-sukta (Bhagavatam 10.1.20).

The Word sukta means hymn. The literal sense is 'well said' (su-uktam). There are more than thirty well-known suktas. The Sri-Vaisnavas honor a quintuple set: Purusa-sukta, Narayana-sukta, Bhu-sukta and Nila-sukta. The Purusa-sukta is seen in all four Vedas. Each version is slightly different: The number of verses varises and sometimes the readings differ. The version of Purusa-sukta below, from Rg-Veda Samhita (10.90.1-16), is the most famous. The German scholar Max Muller (1823-1900) writes: "As long as man continues to take an interest in the history of his race, and as long as we collect in libraries and museums the relics of former ages, the first place in that long row of books which contains the records of the Aryan branch of mankind will belong forever to the Rg-veda."

The Rg-Veda consists of ten mandalas (cantos). "Each mandala consists of hymns called sukta intended for various sacrificial rituals. The suktas in turn consist of individual stanzas called rc (praise)." Western scholars hold this opinion: "Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, most likely between c. 1500-1200 BCE, though a wider approximation of c. 1700-1100 BCE has also been given." Max Muller dates the Purusa-sukta between 1000 BCE and 800 BCE.

"The Vedas consist of three parts (rituals; worship) of gods; Brahman realization) and explain that the soul is Brahman. The Vedic mantras are esoteric and the Vedic seers speak in esoteric terms. I too prefer an indirect mode of expression" (Bhagavatam 11.21.35).

The Purusa-sukta of Rg-Veda is a hymn of sixteen verses. The first fifteen are in the anustup meter and the last one is in the tristup meter. These sixteen drops are profound like an ocean. The symbolism is deep: There are many layers of meaning. For instance, the Purusa, Visnu, is called Sodasa-kala (He has sixteen parts) (Bhagavatam 1.3.1; 5.18.18). The world as well is sodasa-kala: sodasa-kalam va idam sarvam (kausitaki Brahmana 8.1.16.4) (Satapatha Brahmana 1302.2.13).Accotding to Rupa Gosvami, the Purusa is named Sodasa-kala because He has the sixteen transcendental potencies, cited in an ancient work called Bhakti-viveka: Sri, Bhu, Kirti, Illa, Lila (also called Nila), Kanti, and Vidya, and the group of nine (Vimala, Utkarsini, Jnana, Kriya, Yoga, Prahvi, Satya, Isana, and Anugraha) (Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.129). Jiva Gosvami reiterates this information (Laghu-vaisnavatosani 10.14.14). Those sisteen potencies are indicated in Bhagavatam: vrtam catuh-sodasa-panca-saktibhih, "He was surrounded by four potencies, sixteen potencies, and five potencies" (Bhagavatam 2.9.17) Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.234). In addition, Jiva Gosvami saya the Lord is Sodasa-kala because He is replete with energies that are conducive to the creation of the universe. Visvanatha Cakravarti saya He is Sodasa-kala because He is full like a fullmoon. Sridhara Svami says He is Sodasa-kala in the sense that He has a mind, ten senses, and five elements. He specifies that although the Lord is not made of the elements, He is so called for the sake of meditating on Him, the inner controller of Virat and of the souls, as the Universal Form. In that regard, the Bhagavatam says: evam srstani bhutani pravistah panca-dhatubhih, ekadha dasadhatmanam vibhajan jusate gunan, "After entering bodies (as Paramatma), which are created by the five elements, the Lord divies Himself into one (the mind) and into ten (the ten senses) and makes the souls experience sensory objects" (Bhagavatam 11.3.4). It is implied that He figuratively divided Himself into the five elements as well.

The theme of sodasa-kala is the topic of the sixth question in prasna Upanisad. Bharadvaja asked Pippalada about the significance of the Purusa's designation of Sodasa-kala. Pippalada replied that the following sixteen fundamental worldly aspects originate in the Purusa: He created the life force (Mukhya-Prana); from it came faith, the five elements, the senses, the mind, food, strength, austerity, mantras, rites, the worlds, and names. Pippalada gave this analogy: Just as rivers, whose goal is the ocean, merge in the ocean merge in the ocean after reaching it and are then called "ocean" since their names and forms have come to nil, so these sixteen aspects of His disappear after attaining Him, the ultimate witness, and are called "Purusa" at that time since their names and forms have come to nil. Pippalada said that these sixteen aspects are in Him, the wheel of time, like spokes are on the wheel of a vehicle.

Contents

Introduction 9
The commentators 13
Translation
Mantra 1 19
Mantra 2 30
Mantra 3 39
Mantra 4 43
Mantra 5 46
Mantra 6 51
Mantra 7 54
Mantra 8 57
Mantra 9 60
Mantra 10 61
Mantra 11 63
Mantra 12 65
Mantra 13 66
Mantra 14 67
Mantra 15 68
Mantra 16 73
The Purusa-sukta in Visnu Purana
Dhruva's prayers 83

Sample Pages





Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)

Item Code:
NAL456
Cover:
Paperback
Edition:
2015
ISBN:
9788184030396
Language:
Sanskrit Text With Transliteration and Word-to-Word Meaning English Translation
Size:
7.5 inch x 5.0 inch
Pages:
97
Other Details:
Weight of the Book: 120 gms
Price:
$20.00
Discounted:
$16.00   Shipping Free
You Save:
$4.00 (20%)
Look Inside the Book
Add to Wishlist
Send as e-card
Send as free online greeting card
Purusa-Sukta: The Most Ancient Vedic Hymn (With the Commentary of Saunaka)

Verify the characters on the left

From:
Edit     
You will be informed as and when your card is viewed. Please note that your card will be active in the system for 30 days.

Viewed 3261 times since 19th Nov, 2017
Back of the Book

This translation of Purusa-sukta includes the commentary of ancient authorities such as Saunaka and Sayana. The corresponding verses in Bhagavatam are also shown, accompanied with Sridhara Svami's and Visvanatha Cakravarti's commentaries.

Introduction

Srimad Bhagavatam combines poetry and philosophical conclusions: Purusa-sukta is the origin of that methodology. It is the most fundamental text of Vedic culture. Brahma worshiped Ksirodaka-sayi Visnu by mentally reciting the Purusa-sukta (Bhagavatam 10.1.20).

The Word sukta means hymn. The literal sense is 'well said' (su-uktam). There are more than thirty well-known suktas. The Sri-Vaisnavas honor a quintuple set: Purusa-sukta, Narayana-sukta, Bhu-sukta and Nila-sukta. The Purusa-sukta is seen in all four Vedas. Each version is slightly different: The number of verses varises and sometimes the readings differ. The version of Purusa-sukta below, from Rg-Veda Samhita (10.90.1-16), is the most famous. The German scholar Max Muller (1823-1900) writes: "As long as man continues to take an interest in the history of his race, and as long as we collect in libraries and museums the relics of former ages, the first place in that long row of books which contains the records of the Aryan branch of mankind will belong forever to the Rg-veda."

The Rg-Veda consists of ten mandalas (cantos). "Each mandala consists of hymns called sukta intended for various sacrificial rituals. The suktas in turn consist of individual stanzas called rc (praise)." Western scholars hold this opinion: "Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, most likely between c. 1500-1200 BCE, though a wider approximation of c. 1700-1100 BCE has also been given." Max Muller dates the Purusa-sukta between 1000 BCE and 800 BCE.

"The Vedas consist of three parts (rituals; worship) of gods; Brahman realization) and explain that the soul is Brahman. The Vedic mantras are esoteric and the Vedic seers speak in esoteric terms. I too prefer an indirect mode of expression" (Bhagavatam 11.21.35).

The Purusa-sukta of Rg-Veda is a hymn of sixteen verses. The first fifteen are in the anustup meter and the last one is in the tristup meter. These sixteen drops are profound like an ocean. The symbolism is deep: There are many layers of meaning. For instance, the Purusa, Visnu, is called Sodasa-kala (He has sixteen parts) (Bhagavatam 1.3.1; 5.18.18). The world as well is sodasa-kala: sodasa-kalam va idam sarvam (kausitaki Brahmana 8.1.16.4) (Satapatha Brahmana 1302.2.13).Accotding to Rupa Gosvami, the Purusa is named Sodasa-kala because He has the sixteen transcendental potencies, cited in an ancient work called Bhakti-viveka: Sri, Bhu, Kirti, Illa, Lila (also called Nila), Kanti, and Vidya, and the group of nine (Vimala, Utkarsini, Jnana, Kriya, Yoga, Prahvi, Satya, Isana, and Anugraha) (Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.129). Jiva Gosvami reiterates this information (Laghu-vaisnavatosani 10.14.14). Those sisteen potencies are indicated in Bhagavatam: vrtam catuh-sodasa-panca-saktibhih, "He was surrounded by four potencies, sixteen potencies, and five potencies" (Bhagavatam 2.9.17) Laghu-bhagavatamrta 1.5.234). In addition, Jiva Gosvami saya the Lord is Sodasa-kala because He is replete with energies that are conducive to the creation of the universe. Visvanatha Cakravarti saya He is Sodasa-kala because He is full like a fullmoon. Sridhara Svami says He is Sodasa-kala in the sense that He has a mind, ten senses, and five elements. He specifies that although the Lord is not made of the elements, He is so called for the sake of meditating on Him, the inner controller of Virat and of the souls, as the Universal Form. In that regard, the Bhagavatam says: evam srstani bhutani pravistah panca-dhatubhih, ekadha dasadhatmanam vibhajan jusate gunan, "After entering bodies (as Paramatma), which are created by the five elements, the Lord divies Himself into one (the mind) and into ten (the ten senses) and makes the souls experience sensory objects" (Bhagavatam 11.3.4). It is implied that He figuratively divided Himself into the five elements as well.

The theme of sodasa-kala is the topic of the sixth question in prasna Upanisad. Bharadvaja asked Pippalada about the significance of the Purusa's designation of Sodasa-kala. Pippalada replied that the following sixteen fundamental worldly aspects originate in the Purusa: He created the life force (Mukhya-Prana); from it came faith, the five elements, the senses, the mind, food, strength, austerity, mantras, rites, the worlds, and names. Pippalada gave this analogy: Just as rivers, whose goal is the ocean, merge in the ocean merge in the ocean after reaching it and are then called "ocean" since their names and forms have come to nil, so these sixteen aspects of His disappear after attaining Him, the ultimate witness, and are called "Purusa" at that time since their names and forms have come to nil. Pippalada said that these sixteen aspects are in Him, the wheel of time, like spokes are on the wheel of a vehicle.

Contents

Introduction 9
The commentators 13
Translation
Mantra 1 19
Mantra 2 30
Mantra 3 39
Mantra 4 43
Mantra 5 46
Mantra 6 51
Mantra 7 54
Mantra 8 57
Mantra 9 60
Mantra 10 61
Mantra 11 63
Mantra 12 65
Mantra 13 66
Mantra 14 67
Mantra 15 68
Mantra 16 73
The Purusa-sukta in Visnu Purana
Dhruva's prayers 83

Sample Pages





Post a Comment
 
Post Review
Post a Query
For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy

Based on your browsing history

Loading... Please wait

Related Items

Purusha Sukta (Text, Transliteration, Translation and Commentary)
Item Code: NAF096
$12.00$9.60
You save: $2.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Rg Vedic Suktas: Gayatri and Others (A Contemplative Study)
by Swami Amritananda
Paperback (Edition: 2003)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Item Code: IDI970
$7.00$5.60
You save: $1.40 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Hymns From Rig-Veda (Sanskrit Text, English Translation and Notes on the Selected Suktas from the Rig-Veda)
by Pradeep
Hardcover (Edition: 2018)
Parimal Publications
Item Code: NAN373
$25.00$20.00
You save: $5.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Rudram and Purushasuktam
by Swami Amritananda
Paperback (Edition: 2013)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Item Code: NAK111
$15.00$12.00
You save: $3.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Sri Suktam (Sanskrit Text, Word-to-Word Meaning, English Translation, Explanation and Transliteration)
by B.B. Konnur
Paperback (Edition: 2007)
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
Item Code: IHL656
$7.50$6.00
You save: $1.50 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Four Vedas with Spiritual Translation (Set of 22 Volumes) - Sanskrit Text with English Translation
Item Code: NAG696
$325.00$260.00
You save: $65.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Vedic View of Sri Jagannatha
Item Code: IDK892
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
The Four Vedas (Set of 8 Volumes) - Sanskrit Text with Transliteration and English Translation
by Dr. Tulsi Ram
Hardcover (Edition: 2013)
Arsh Sahitya Prachar Trust
Item Code: NAK546
$395.00$316.00
You save: $79.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
One Hundred Eight Vedic Upanisads (Upanisads of Sukla Yajurveda) (Set of 3 Volumes)
Item Code: NAE741
$135.00$108.00
You save: $27.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Prayuktakhyata-Manjari (A Lexicon of Verbs That are Actually in Use)
by Sri Rupa Gosvami
Paperback (Edition: 2015)
Ras Bihari Lal and Sons
Item Code: NAL454
$30.00$24.00
You save: $6.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
LAKSMI (Lakshmi) TANTRA (A PANCARATRA TEXT)
Item Code: IDD592
$50.00$40.00
You save: $10.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now
Man as Microcosm in Tantric Hinduism (An Old Book)
Item Code: NAM994
$20.00$16.00
You save: $4.00 (20%)
Add to Cart
Buy Now

Testimonials

Bonjour, je viens de recevoir ma statue tête de Bouddha en cuivre. elle est magnifique et correspond exactement à la photo. Emballage très épais et protecteur, arrivé intact. Délai de livraison de 8 jours, parfait. Votre service commercial est très réactif et courtois. Je suis donc très satisfait et je tiens à le dire. Merci.
Yves, France
I was thrilled with the Tribal Treasure Box. Your customer service is outstanding. Shopping with you is like being back in India.
Yvonne, USA
I feel so blessed. Thank you for your wonderful service.
Vimala, USA
I appreciate your wonderful service to the yoga community. The Kali Dance of Victory statue and Lord Ganesha Granting Abhaya statue together will go toward a fundraiser for Yoga Life Society's Peace Sanctuary known as Sanctuary of Universal Light.
Vicki, USA
Thankyou Vipin. We LOVE Exotic India!!!! Jay Jay Sita Ram!!! Warm wishes, Jai राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम
Jai, USa
Fast and reliable service.
Dharma Rao, Canada
You always have a great selection of books on Hindu topics. Thank you!
Gayatri, USA
Excellent e-commerce website with the most exceptional, rare and sought after authentic India items. Thank you!
Cabot, USA
Excellent service and fast shipping. An excellent supplier of Indian philosophical texts
Libero, Italy.
I am your old customer. You have got a wonderful collection of all products, books etc.... I am very happy to shop from you.
Usha, UK
TRUSTe
Language:
Currency:
All rights reserved. Copyright 2018 © Exotic India