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Rachana Sharir: Parallel Study of Rachana Sharir With Modern Anatomy (Set of 2 Volumes)

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Item Code: NAL586
Author: Dr. Sanjiv Saxena
Publisher: Chaukhambha Orientalia
Language: English and Hindi
Edition: 2015
ISBN: 9788176373609
Pages: 750 (Throughout B/W Illustrations)
Cover: Paperback
Other Details 9.5 inch x 7.5
Weight 820 gm
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Shipped to 153 countries
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100% Made in India
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23 years in business
About the Book

Book is based on the latest syllabus of Rachana Sharir proposed by CCIM BAMS course.

Some extra chapters are added to describe fundamentals of Anatomy. The book is comprehensive in terms of subject matter to help PG students and research scholars.

As per UG Syllabus of Rachana Sharir topics of similar content and correlative study are included in same chapter. For example ‘Asthi Sharir and Osteology’, Sandhi Sharir and Arthrology’, "Tantrika Sharir and Nervous system’Etc.


About the Author

Dr. Sanjiv Saxena was born in Kanpur City of Uttar Pradesh. There he completed his schooling with honors in both High school and Intermediate examination. Dr. Saxena passed BAMS course from State Ayurvedic College and Hospital Lucknow and secured First position in Merit of Lucknow University. Then he pursued MD in Rachana Sharir from the same college. He has published various papers in National and International seminars and conferences. He received many awards and accolades in his academic. He is fond of writing and desires to serve the students of Ayurveda through his literary work.


Volume I



With the name and blessings of almighty the book titled ‘COMPREHENSIVE RACHANA SHARIR’ ‘Parallel study of Rachana Sharir with Modern Anatomy’ is being presented for scholars and student of Medical. Sciences. The book is written to fulfill the requirement of having both Ayurvedic as Mopdern literature for the same context at the place with applied approach.

Author has tried his best to compile maximum important references of Ayurveda with it’s explanation in almost all topics along with relevant literature of modern anatomy.

Author personally feels that each and every topic of Rachana Sharir in Ayurveda can’t be correlated with modern anatomy. Therefore Ayurvedic and modern literature are described separately and parallel. Wherever a correlation can be established it is done with proper logical analysis.

In order to maintain the originality Ayurvedic literature is given in Sanskrit and Hindi and Modern in English.

I hope that readers will accept the effort with generosity and give suggestions to improve it further.



Historical Background of Ayurveda

According to historians of medicine it is clear beyond all doubts that science of medicine is classically described in Vedic Texts mainly in ‘Atharvaveda’.

Atharvaveda consists the treasure of that science which is the first recorded literature of human diseases and it’s treatment.

The explainatory and practice of medicine was later on compiled in ‘Samhita Grantha’ There are three main Samhita Grantha as following.

i-Sushruta Samhita

ii-Charak SAmhita

iii-Vagbhat Samhita (Ashtang Samagraha and Ashtang Hridaya)

These are also referred as Greater Triads. Other Samhita grantha are kashyap samhita, Bhel samhita but these are incomplete in their available Manuscript.

In terms of Sharir i.e. conceptual human anatomy and physiology ‘Sushrut Samhita’ is most relevant.

It deals with details of human anatomy based on direct observation by dissection. So it is foundation of principles of surgery which are now a days performed by modern methods. The fundamentals and principles are still the same.

Historical references about Sushrut Samhita

According to available historical references and researches it is concluded that present Sushrut Samhita was compilation compilation completed in four steps.


1- Old Sushrut (1000-1500 B.C.)
2- Sushrut (2nd century A.D.)
3- Nagarjuna (5th century A.D.)
4- Chandratt (10th century A.D.)

The fundamental literature rather we can say the manuscript of Sushrut Samhita was compiled by Old Sushrut.

Later on Sushrut, Nagarjuna and Chandratt revised reedited and recompiled the basic text to shape it in the present available form.

But as a matter of fact the real identity and exact period of Sushrut is controversial.

Format of Sushrut Samhita

The Sushrut Samhita is a Sanskrit text attributed to Sushrut.

It is one of three foundational texts of Ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine).

The Sushrut Samhita is divided into two parts.

The first is the five section Purva-tantra, and the second is the Uttara-tantra.

Together, the Purva-tantra Uttara-tantra (apart from Salyya and Salakya) describe the sciences and practices of medicine, pediatrics, geriatrics, diseases of the ear, nose, throat and eye, toxicology, aphrodisiacs and psychiatry.

It is divided into five segments and 120 chapters

Sushrut Samhita is divided in to following segments called as “Sthana” consisting specific chapters.


1- Sutra Sthana: 46 chapters
2- Nidana Sthana: 16 chapters
3- Sharir Sthana: 10 chaptres
4- Chikitsa Sthana: 40 chapters
5- Kalpa sthana: 8 chapters
Total:   120 chapters

There are additional 66 chapters in “Uttar tantra”.

(It is noteworthy that Agnivesa-tantra, better known as the Charaka Samhita and the Ashtanga Hridayam of Vagbhata, is also divided into 120 chapters)

The text was translated to Arabic as Kitabi-Susrud in the 8th century.

Salient features of Sushrut Samhita

According to above couplet for study of Sharir, Sushruta Samhita is most appropriate.

The Sushrut Samhita comprises 186 chapters, description of 1120 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources.

Dissection of dead human bodies was first introduced and performed by Sushrut.

He also advocated the dissection for observation of internal anatomy of human body.

That is important for management of diseases specially in surgical procedures.

Plastic surgery was first introduced by Sushrut as in Karnasandhana and nasa sandhana.

The text discusses surgical techniques of making incisions, probing extraction of foreign bodies, alkali and thermal cauterization tooth extraction, excisions, and trocars for draining abscess draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid, the removal of the prostate gland, urethral stricture dilatation, vesiculolithotomy, hernia surgery, caesarian Section, management of haemorrhoids, fistulae, laparotomy and management of intestinal obstruction, perforated intestines, and accidental perforation of the abdomen with protrusion of omentum and the principles of fracture management, Viz., traction, traction, manipulation, apposition and stabilization including some measures of rehabilitation and fitting of prosthetics.

It enumerates six types of dislocations, twelve varieties of fractures, and classification of the bones and their reaction to the injuries, and gives a classification of eye diseases including cataract surgery.

The text describes aetiology, the sings and symptoms of important surgical diseases and those ailments which have a bearing on surgery. The rudiments of embryology and the anatomy of the human body, along with instructions for venesection, the positioning of the patient for each vein. Protection of vital structures (marma) are dealt with in the Sarira-sthana.

This also includes the essentials of obstetrics.

The Chikitsa-sthana describes the principles of management of surgical conditions, including obstetrical emergencies, including chapters on geriatrics and aphrodisiacs.

The Kalpa-sthana is mainly Visa-tantra,dealing with the nature of poisons and their management i.e. toxicology.




Introductory Historical review of Sharir ix
Chapters-1 Basic Principles of Sharir 1
Chapter-2 Shariropkramniya Sharir 11
Chapter-3 Anatomical terminologies and Paribhasha Sharir 27
Chapter-4 Abhinivratti Sharir and Purusha Vivechan 33
Chapter-5 Garbha Sharir and Embryology (I-VI) 45
Chapter-6 Pramana Sharir 103
Chapter-7 Body Organization 109
Chapter-8 Asthi Sharir and Osteology 122
Chapter-9 Sandhi Sharir and Arthrology 175
Chapter-10 Peshi Sharir and Myology 203
Chapter-11.1 Sira, Dhamani Sharir 212
Chapter-11.2 Srotas Sharir 221
Chapter-12 Cardiovascular System 238
Chapter-13.1 Snayu Sharir 248
Chapter-13.2 Brief Study of Connective Tissue 251
Chapter-14.1 Kala Sharir 255
Chapter-14.2 Study of Membranes 262
Chapter-15 Marma Sharir 272
Chapter-16 Indriya Sharir 292
Chapter-17.1 Study of Uppr Limb 296
Chapter-17.2 Brief Study of Breast 315
Chapter-18 Brief Study of Lower Limb 320
Chapter-19 Lasika Samsthan And Lymphatic System 336
Chapter-20 Brief Study of Uttamangiya Sharir 342
Chapter-21 Brief Study of Kostha evam Asahya Sharir 344




Chapter-1.1 Brief Study of Trunk 1
Chapter 1.2 Brief Study of Back 13
Chapter-1.3 Body Cavities 16
Chapter-1.4 Perineum 19
Chapter-2 Kostha and Aashya Sharir 22
Chapter-3 Respiratory System, Anatomy of Heart 27
Chapter-4 Digestive System 51
Chapter-5 Liver, Spleen, Pancreas, Gall Bladder 78
Chapter-6 Other Kosthang 94
Chapter-7 Urianry System 99
Chapter-8 Reproductive System 111
Chapter-9 Granthi Sharir and Exocrine Glands 129
Chapter-10 Endocrinology 134
Chapter-11 Head and Neck Region 143
Chapter-12 Introduction to Nervous system 154
Chapter-13 Anatomy of Brain 165
Chapter-14 Nadi Sharir 182
Chapter-15.1 Sensory Organs 198
Chapter-15.2 Paranasal Sinus 222
Chapter-16 Twak Sharir 224
Chapter-17 Surface Anatomy 231
Chapter-18 Radiological Anatomy 248
Chapter-19 Important Refernces & Annexures 269


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