This compilation of articles on Vargas from learned astrologers, faculty members and senior post-visharad student of ICAS (NCR) is a unique attempt. It uniqueness lies in the multi-dimensional approach that has been attempted for the first time in the current history of astrological deliberations to the best of our knowledge
Vargas is a difficult subject and most students do not know what to do with them and how. Profusely illustrated, this book gives clear principles on how to use the most important of them, for predictive purpose. The deities associated with each varga and their meaning has been explained through mythological references. It is with the deities factored in that this compilation assumes special significance and the splendor of vargas stands out in its pristine glory.
The book confines itself to the Parashari vargas and does not delve into non traditional methods of casting some of the vargas due to insufficient research till now.
The principles enunciated in these articles have been tested on many charts and a few of them have been presented here for the reader’s reference exemplifying the methodology.
The appendix is a rich source for reference since, besides the method of casting the varga, it contains Mrityubhaag of each planet and Arishtamshas associated with them. Obscure subjects such as Bhava Soochak Navamsha and Pushkar Navamsha and Pushkar Amshas etc. have also been included.
strology is based on astronomical data. The astronomical data is studied in the light of the observations made during the previous millennia and transformed into Astro-Sutras. Replication of these Astro-Sutras in more than 65 percent cases has placed them at par with formulae of Medical Science.
In case one just wants to have a general reading of a native, the basic Natal Chart may give general information regarding physical health and happiness. But the seers of yore have devised numerous Divisional charts of which 16 are prominent. These Divisional charts play an important role in deciphering various facets of the native’s life. The basic concept behind Divisional charts is that a planet becomes highly potent by occupying certain degrees or division (of a sign) for certain aspects of life. Very often the strength thus attained by a planet is called ‘Vargabala’ or strength in the Divisional charts. A divisional chart is nothing but expansion of a certain house for microscopic analysis. These Divisional charts go further to prove the scientific nature of astrology.
The Hora Chart or D-2 gives general information regarding wealth and prosperity. Here a sign is divided in two equal parts of 150 each, called Hora. For odd signs, first Hora is of the Sun and second Hora belongs to the Moon. It is reverse in even signs. Some learned astrologers use this chart to study personal appearance, speech and eating habits of the subject. In Hora chart two royal planets namely Sun and Moon only are considered for lordship and other planets have no lordship.
The Drekkana Chart or D-3 throws light not only on the happiness from brothers and sisters and relations through them but also virtually all factors which are judged from the third house, and identification of the cause and extent of the wealth of the native. Turyamsha or Chaturthamsha Chart or D-4 represents fortune and happiness from landed property.
To know about future generations like sons or daughters or grandchildren and happiness from them, one should study Saptamamsha Chart or D-7. The status that lineal descendants of a grandfather would enjoy can be studied through this chart. For instance, there must be something special in the chart of Pandit Moti Lal Nehru who started a lineage that has ruled India through Nehru; Indira Gandhi; Rajiv Gandhi, and now directly or indirectly Sonia and Rahul Gandhi; and earlier by Maneka Gandhi. Now even Varun Gandhi is an M.P. Similarly, ancestors of Queen Elizabeth must have something special in their charts to indicate that their descendants would continue occupying the British throne. It may be noted that relevant factors in these cases predominantly occupy “Ksheera “Dadhi’“Ajya” and “Shuddhajala” Saptamamshas.
Navamsha Chart or D—9 is one of the most important chart for it indicates; happiness from the spouse and relations through the spouse. Besides, there are several uses of the Navamsha chart.
Dashamamsha Chart or D- 10 informs about accomplishments in profession and other public and social fields; from hobby, to commissions and omissions, and to renouncement of all worldly pursuits.
Dwadasainsa Chart or D- 12 indicates quality of financial and emotional parental support and protection, in short parental bliss, in addition to social, economic and financial status of parents and duration and quality of relations with them. Another reading of the Dwadashamsha may indicate the financial and social status of the native. This may also indicate the intensity of the ailment, possibility of cure etc. also.
Shashtiamasha Chart or D-60 has two specific roles: one relates to overall consideration and the other relates to qualitative planetary effect in a given situation.
Parashara has stated that whether a planet would behave favourably or unfavourably may be seen by beneflc or malefic Shashtiamsha and Shodashamsha D-16.
All these 16 Vargas add to precision and accuracy in timing of likely and probable events as well as its qualitative effect on the native, his relations, friends, including relations with bosses and superiors.
By prescribing these divisional charts, sage Parashara has given out a secret relating to a particular facet of life. Infact, the meaning and purpose of the divisional charts is much deeper than most of us realize. Every Divisional chart gives a microscopic view of a particular facet of life at a given time, if seen in the light of Dasha sequence.
These Divisional charts may be studied either in relation to the basic chart or totally independently along with the Dasha sequence. Mr. Krishna Kumar has suggested that the comparative study of positions of house lord and significator planets in birth and Divisional charts, gives better results. The methodology suggested in this book is certainly workable and I appreciate it. But if birth chart is read along with a study of separate divisional chats by giving 1 Unit of + or - each to the concerned house Lord and the signfficator planet in Rashi chart, as well as, Lagna lord, concerned house lord and significator in specified divisional chart along with major, sub and sub-sub period lords, it may prove a better way to quantification of results.
Many astrologers on seeing Natal Chart (Janmakundali) and Moon Chart predict future events without making use of any divisional chart. It is similar to an allopathic doctor who treats a patient on the basis of symptoms observed by him without proper test reports. His experience and knowledge might help him in selecting the proper treatment. But this does not belittle the role and importance of diagnostic studies like blood test, urine test, X-Ray, Ultrasound, ECG etc. Similarly divisional charts play the role of diagnostic tools in studies for interpreting a particular aspect of life.
There are two ways to delineate a chart — one, general assessment about the different kinds of status in life; and another, timing of the events. Nadi astrology helps both ways.
In South, they are known as ‘Nadis’, in Sri Lanka ‘Ole’ and in North India, they are known as ‘Samhitas’.
According to Dr. B. V. Raman, there are about 72 Nadi Granthas written by our Rishis. 36 Mantra Nadis, give the details of the past lives. Agastya, Shukra, Jaimini, Nandi, Budha, Subramaniya and Athri Nadi are some of the important Mantra Nadi Granthas. They are said to contain 1,32,360 charts.
Similarly, the remaining 36 are Tantra Nadis. Their predictive methodology is based on disposition of various planets, in different rashis, Navamshas and other sub-Divisions. Each Tantra Nadi is said to contain 15,88,320 charts. Rudra, Markandeya, Kaaka Bhu;andar, Saptarishi, Dhurva, Satya Nadis are some of the most important ones. Apart from these 72 Nadi Granthas, there are Prashna Nadis also.
Tantra Nadi Granthas are based on the fundamentals of Hindu predictive astrology and inter-relationship of different planets on the basis of their Karakatwas - Sthira and temporal. One of the basic rules appears to be that the Lord of the house, by its location/position in Uccha /Neecha house Swa-Rashi, Moola Trikona Rashi or the Sthira Karaka of the house indicates the result, favourably or adversely.
Some times Nadi Granthas provide very fascinating and astonishing readings leaving the discerning readers wonder- struck.
More and more studies of empirical nature are needed in this respect to verify the efficacy of these Nadi rules in actual application.
Nadi in astrology, is used in the sense of a small unit of arc (or its corresponding time) of the Zodiac that rises in the east as the Ascendant.
Nadis generally have some stock methods of giving predictions without going into meticulous calculations. They are highly refined extract of innumerable astrological texts. They seem to follow Ayurvedic system for treatment of ailments without reference to any afflicting planet. They prescribe remedial measures. They take into account all the principles mentioned in the standard texts and many more which are unknown to the modern astrological world. In short, Nadi authors follow a unique predictive system of their own, not to be found in traditional literature. They are exhaustive treatises on applied astrology This unique system of Nadi Granthas is not so easy to grasp, unless one has in depth knowledge of almost all the available methods enumerated by Parashara, Jaimini, Bhrigu, Jaya-Muni and others, and other hidden techniques.
Types of Nadis There are two types of Nadi texts. One kind deals with actual horoscopes prepared with permutations and combinations as in Bhrigu Samhita (Hindi).
Another type of Nadi text uses certain starting points, known as Nadiamsha and discusses native’s life events at a stretch. Nadi-amsha represents a small arc of longitude of a sign. All the predictions are based on these sensitive points i.e., Nadiamshas of the ascendant.
Among such Nadi texts, Deva Keralam (Chandra Kala Nadi) translated with comments by late Shri R. Santhanam in 3 parts (Sagar Publications) occupies unique position. There are many other texts such as, Dhruva Nadi, Kuja Nadi, Guru Nadi etc. but they are not easily available in print with translation.
Deva Keralam, Shukra Nadi, Dhruva Nadi of Satyacharya and Bhrigu Nadi adopt 150 Nadiamshas as their basis for prediction.
1. Dhruva Nadi (No.1) by Satyacharya
Satyacharya who has authored Dhruva Nadi seems to have flourished even before the sage Kaka Bhujandar who criticizes in his Nadi the basic methods adopted by Satyacharya. Kakayar also mentions about Dhruva Nadi in his Nadi Grantha. So, Satyacharya must have lived either sometime before Kakayar or must have been his contemporary. This means that Satyacharya must have lived bout eleven centuries before Christ. Again Varah Mihira also mentions Satyacharya in his monumental work “Brihat Jataka’ many times (Dhruva Nadi, Satya-Samhita and Bhrigu Samhita are in Sanskrit).
2. Dhruva Nadi (No.2)
There is another Nadi named Dhruva Nadi authored by Jaya Muni. Late Dr. R. Naga Raja Sarma (Chennai) purchased this Dhruva Nadi, from someone, but later finding no use of it, in his old age, sold it away to G.O.M.L (now Chennai). This Nadi comprises 43 volumes having about 250,000 verses in Sanskrit. The author has in his possession one volume out of these 43 (No. R. 14721), containing about 10,000 verses, transcribed into Devanagri in 1960.
In this Nadi, the treatment is thoroughly scientific; systematic and absolutely based on well understood and well known principles of astrology Jaya Muni gives a unique method called Bhava-Soochaka Navamsha and ascribes unique nomenclature to every planet’s Navamsha according to its placement in the Rashi chart. This nomenclature (mentioned below) is freely used in Dhruva Nadi, sparingly used in Deva-Keralam and B.P.H.S and rarely used in standard works on astrology where the commentators have mostly not interpreted the terms correctly.
Another outstanding feature of this Nadi is that in every Nadi Jaya Muni refers to the transit results of Saturn by stating when Saturn in transit coincides degreecally with the natal position of the Sun or its trifle positions the native’s father’s health will suffer, or the native himself will suffer illness, or death of some elderly male relative will take place. Similarly he refers to the Moon (for mother); Mars (for brethren) in every Nadi discussed.
Jaya Muni also refers to Jupiter’s transits in the same way for good results in native’s life.
Jaya Muni has not used 150 Nadi-amshas. He uses only five planetary Vargas viz., Rashi, Hora, Drekkana, Trimshamsha and Bhava-Soochak Navamsha.
Navamsha has wider application for prognostication on a variety of facets of a person’s life. Late Shri. CS. Patel in his “Navamsha in Astrology” has observed that it had become evident from critical study of some verses from classics such as Horasaara, Jaatak Paarijaat, Jatakdeshmarga etc. and Nadi Granthas like Dhruvanadi and Deva Keralam etc’ that the technique of Bhava-Soochak navamsha with a special reference to Dhruvanadi of Jaya Muni and the interesting way these nomenclatures have been used are very revealing for predictive purposes. The nomenclature as per the placement in different houses, is as under:
1. Lagnamsha, 2. Viittamsha (Dhaneshamsha), 3 Vikramamsha, 4. Sukhamsha, 5. Putramsha (Suteshamsha), 6. Shastamsha (Ariyamsha), 7. Daramsha, 8. Randhramsha, 9. Bhagyamsha, 10. Karmamsha, 11. Labhamsha, 12. Vyayamsha.
More planets in kendras and trikonas and in second and eleventh would be indicators of planets causing happiness and gains and would be helpful in one’s growth. Those planets which are placed in 6th, 8th, 12th may cause delay, obstruction, expenditure and failures in achieving one’s mission. This concept has been put to test by many of our faculty members and serious senior students of Post-Vishard.
The additional nomenclature has been found working wonderfully well, however.
The smallest unit of Nadiamsha is 3’-20” and they are named as Kundamsha, Kuberamsha, Kinnaramsha, Varadamsha, Laxmiamsha,
Komalamsha, Parvatamsha etc. These names of Nadi-amshas have the flavour of Parashariyan genre.
It has been found by some of our learned friends that the charts used by Jaya Muni in Dhruva Nan are not sufficient to pin point inconsistencies.
Justice S.N. Kapoor has mentioned in his editorial piece the inconsistency found in the results relating to Jupiter in the chart of Dr. Man Mohan Singh, our current Prime Minister. It has been felt that it is sometimes misleading to use a single Divisional Chart for deciding the level of happiness, prosperity and status. In this regard it was felt essential that along with the charts prescribed by Jaya Muni, Dashamsha, Dwadashamha and Shastiyamsha chart should also be examined. It is in the light of code words sangyas given by Parashar to appreciate their hidden but in case we see Dasha results in the light of above charts along with Vaisheshikamsha and Shayanadiawasthas and Dasha, Antar Dasha and Pratyantar Dasha in the light of Sarvartha Chintamani and UttaraKalamrita.
It appears now that astrologers cannot succeed in giving precise results just on the basis of birth chart and Navamsha chart in order to match the scientific approach of a doctor.
One has to weigh the strength and weakness of cosmic forces that express through planets. It is only the balance of positive and negative forces which will tilt a planetary result from unfavourable to favourable one and vice versa. This compilation of articles, just makes an attempt to minutely identify favourable or unfavourable tilt in planetary results. This may prove to be a hand of tool to achieve the said objective, and of great use to the teachers, middle level astrologers and serious and senior students of astrology As an institution ICAS would like to encourage books or articles written by learned persons. That will improve the level of faculty as well as the thinking process of our senior students.
In this compilation we are making an attempt to give a composite view of the horoscope through various Vargas. This helps reconcile results in different Vargaphala. This essential so as to make precise predictions as far as humanly possible.
Let us take an example here to illustrate the point. Imagine that someone has his Jupiter placed in Leo at 17? 01’04”. Jupiter in Leo tends to make the native courageous fearless, stable hot tempered. But the concerned native has never been heard losing his temper
This Jupiter is in the Hora of Moon. According to Vriddha Yavana Jataka, Jupiter in Moon Hora Mkes the Jataka charming, fortunate, prosperous, highly favoured, involved in stable actions, helpful and religious nature and unshakable friendship. Jupiter in this case would in its own Drekkana. Such a native is good natured, wins over his enemies, his forgiving nature, commands respect and receive honour from the kings, is prosperous and respectful to his teachers and elders.
Jupiter in this case would be in the 6th Navamsha of Mercury such a native is kind, charming faced, religious, prosperous, wears appropriately elegant dresses, capable of understanding meanings of scriptures. He is blessed with many sons.
Jupiter would be in the 7th Dwadashamsha (would fall in Aquarius) which indicates as per Vriddha Yavana Jataka that the native will always wear dirty clothes, poor and helpless, will not care for his own happiness, suffers from different kinds of misery and loose at the hands of thieves and dacoits.
Jupiter would fall in its own Trimshamsha (Indra). A native born with Jupiter in its own Trimshamsha will be learned, deep thinker, a linguist and clever in choosing words, eloquent speaker, affectionate in nature, respectful to Brahmins.
One can observe in the description above that according to one varga such a native should be short tempered and angry. According to another Varga he is likely to be poor, suffering from all kinds of miseries but in yet another Varga good results have been apportioned.
That according to another reading of D-12, such a native would be in Mohan Dwadashamsha.
This gentleman with his Jupiter in Leo 17?01’04” is a well known Indian and international personality. He is none other than the current Prime Minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh. He is not only a charming person, he has Mohan (charming suffixed to his name.
It is apparent from this exercise that unless an overall view is taken; the astrologer may land up with wrong judgment; in order to avoid such a situation Jaya Muni gave a rule that everything about the chart should be tested on the basis of 5 Varga.
Every Planet is capable of giving two kinds of ‘Shkhas’, -Material Sukha and Jeeva Sukha Jeeva Sukha indicates the Sukha received through relatives, as indicated by the Karkatwa and ownership of the Planet. For example, Jeeva Sukha from: father is indicated by the sun, mother by the Moon, siblings by mars, maternal uncle etx. By Mercury, elders and elders brothers and teachers by Jupiter, grandmother, and other ladies including wife through Venus, servants by Satun. Rahu indicates Paternal gradmother and ketu maternal grandfather etc.(see Uttara Kalamrita for detailed description).
Debilitated, combust and retrograde planets tend to reduce Jeeva Sukha Indicated by them, in 14 ways:
(I) Relation indicated by the planet does not survive or suffers from disease and misfortune;
(ii) The relation so indicated lives at a great distance making relationship virtually useless in time of need;
(iii) The relation lives together with the native, but make the life of the native miserable, by his acts and omissions; and
(iv) He separates and severs off his relationship with the native for one reason or another
There is a lot of misconception about applicability of Dasha systems on Divisional charts. Way back in the end of 1997 Shri J.N Sharma (Fromer Chapter Chairman of Delhi chapter-1, ICAS) put a question, whether we were applying Dasha systems to Divisional charts? How far it was sound and logical to do so?
I informed that I would answer this question after two hours for I needed some tangible proof to convince him. I tested Vimshottari on about 18 events of my own life on different Divisional Charts and informed Shri J.N.Sharma accordingly event and Divisional chart wise. After Gayatri Devi Vasudev in her article mentioned about applicability of Ashtakavarga system a Varga Chart. There was similar considerable debate. One of our faculty Shri Vinay Aditya has successfully applied several times in his lecture including India’s financial progress with aid of application of Ashtakavarga on Dashamamsha chart (Indian independence chart). This should remove inhibition about the applicability Ashtakvarga of Divisional chart.
If anybody has any doubt about applicability of Transit of planets on Varga then one should keep in mind several nadi rules based on varga particularly Navamsha chart by treating Rashi-Tulya Navamsha and Navamsha Tulya Rashi.
Dwadashamsha has two sets of names associated to each division. One is usual and the other is specific. Mohan is the specific name in this case. In the present seminar all the speakers are presenting various facets of life through the prism of different Vargas. We are just bringing in lime light, hitherto unused rules of interpretation to empower Astrologers and our senior students for the purpose of sharpening their analytical skills for better, precise and almost correct predictions.
We are primarily confining ourselves to Parashara hora Shashtra-divisional charts. There are some modifications and perceptions beyond parashara Hora shashtra. Since this compilation is intended for middle level astrologers, we are avoiding to add those non-traditional methods of calculating divisional charts, in absence of sufficient researchers in that regard.
About data and analysis given by the individual contributors, it is dependent on his/her source and perceptions. I need not say that every learned person is entitled to have is own view and perceptions.
We would like to place on record our appreciation for the praiseworthy initiative taken by Shri Rohit Vedi, Chairman of ICAS Delhi Chapter-1 for holding the seminar and creating an opportunity for preparing this compilation. He has been very actively assisted by Shri Pradeep Chaturvedi, Shri R.L Diwedi, Shri Surender Sharma and Shri Parashuram Vasisht and Shri Sanjiv Chhabra and sh, K C Agarwal, Chairmen of NCR Chapters.
Shri N P Thareja and shri Rangachari,National Vice Presidents and Shri M N Kedar have also contributed their might in this Gyan Yagan. I am also grateful to them.
The theme of this seminar was set by Justice S.N Kapoor who inspired numerous faculty members and senior students to write serious articles on sensitive subjects to be published in this compilation.
I am told that this joint effort of NCR chapters of ICAS in publishing this book was possible by the assistance and unqualified support of Shri M Anjaneyulu on as the Controller of Examinations, ICAS, by publishing it.
This compilation would not have seen light of the day if Vinay Aditya, our faculty member, had burnt midnight oil along with Dr M K Manjaiah, Sushil Gupta, vinod Kumar, M G Kastwar and Sunil Kumar Sharma
I am grateful to all of them and to our faculty members and senior students for contributing articles for this compilation.
I would also like to place on record our gratitude to faculty members of NCR Chapters and students who are participating like medical interns and learning the art of diagnostics, predicting and suggesting remedial measures
I wish them success in their efforts.
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