SRIMAD BHAGAVAD GITA: Tattvavivecani (English Commentary)

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Item Code: IDE961
Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur
Author: Jayadayal Goyandaka
Language: English
Edition: 2022
Pages: 798 (Color Illus: 8)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 11.0" X 7.5"
Weight 1.44 kg
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Shipped to 153 countries
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Book Description

From the Jacket :

The Bhagavadgita is the divine word of Bhagavan Sri Krsna, the supreme Purusottama or God Himself, who is adored by the whole animate and inanimate kingdom, is full of the six divine properties, and is Bliss and Consciousness solidified. The scripture is a mine of endless mysteries. It is by the grace of the supremely compassionate Bhagavan Sri Krsna that its inner meaning can be partially understood. He alone who ponders the Gita with a heart brimming over with supreme reverence and pure loving devotion directly perceives the grace of the Lord and can obtain a glimpse of the real character of the Gita. Therefore, seekers of blessedness would do well to place before them the ideal of Arjuna, the prince among devotees, and cultivating his divine virtues should hear, study and ruminate over the Gita with faith and devotion; and they should whole-heartedly devote themselves to spiritual practice according to their individual capacity in pursuance of the Lord's behests. Those who proceed on the above lines are inspired with ever new thoughts and feelings of a supremely blissful, unique and transcendent character. Attaining absolute purity of mind and enjoying the exceptional grace of the Lord, they speedily realize Him.

The Gita is superior even to the Ganga. In the scriptures, liberation has been declared to be the reward of a bath in the Ganga. But he who bathes in the Ganga, though he can obtain liberation himself, does not acquire the power of liberating others. He, however, who takes a dive into the Gita not only gets liberated himself, but also gains the power of liberating others. The Ganga has sprung from the feet of the Lord, whereas the Gita has emanated directly from the divine lips. Again, while the Ganga liberates him alone who goes to it and takes a plunge in its waters, the Gita finds its way to ever home, and shows the way to liberation to every individual. These are the reasons why the Gita is declared as superior to the Ganga.

The Gita is superior even to the Gayatri. Through the practice of Japa of the Gayatri man attains liberation, no doubt. But he who practices Japa of the Gayatri secures liberation only for himself; whereas the student of the Gita liberates not only himself but others as well. When the dispenser of Liberation, God Himself, becomes his own, Mukti becomes a trifling affair to him. It takes up its abode in the dust of his feet. He makes a gift of Mukti to anyone and everyone who asks for it.

If we declare the Gita as greater even than God, there will be no exaggeration.

The Lord Himself says:-
"I take My stand on the Gita, the Gita is My supreme abode. I maintain the three worlds on the strength of the wisdom contained in the Gita".


1. A General Survey of the Gita (By Syt. Jayadayal Goyandaka)


Chapter I
2. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Story 33-36
3. Dhrtarastra's question to Sanjaya about the affairs of the battle at Kuruksetra; Sanjaya begins to narrate the events on the battle-field 36-37
4. Duryodhana approaches Dronacarya and requests him to survey the hostile army 37-38
5. A short account of the principal warriors on the Pandava side, such as Satyaki, Virata, Drupada, Dhrstaketu, Cekitana, Kasiraja, Purujit, Kuntibhoja, Saibya, Yudhamanyu, Uttamauja, Abhimanyu, etc., and also of those on the Kaurava side, such as Dronacarya, Bhisma, Karna, Krpacarya, Asvatthama, Vikarna, Bhurisrava, etc. 38-45
6. Duryodhana praises his own army in comparison to the opposite army and requests that all should protect Bhisma. An account of blowing of conchs by the warriors on both sides 45-51
7. At Arjuna's request Sri Krsna places his chariot between the two armies : Arjuna surveys the warriors drawn up for battle 51-54
8. Seeing all his relations arrayed on the battle-field, Arjuna, through apprehension of their destruction, is filled with deep sorrow. He recounts the evil consequences of destruction of the race and family traditions, and of an intermixture of castes etc.; overwhelmed with despondency he lays aside his bow and arrows 55-65
9. Meaning of the Colophon at the end of each chapter


Chapter II
10. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Story 67-69
11. Arjuna declines to fight even on the exhortation of Sri Krsna. In astate of perplexity he prays to the Lord for instructions and guidance; proclaiming his decision not to fight he keeps quiet 69-77
12. Discussing the knowledge of the soul, the Lord encourage Arjuna to fight from the point of view of Sankhyayoga 78-93
13. The Lord exhorts Arjuna to fight by demonstrating to him the advantage and propriety of engaging in a righteous war according to the code of honour prescribed for a Ksatriya, and concludes the discussion on Sankhyayoga 93-98
14. Describing the superiority of selfless action and the inferiority of self-interested action, the Lord urges Arjuna on to Karmayoga 98-115
15. The various senses in which the terms 'Yoga' and 'Yogi' have been used in the Gita 115-116
16. At Arjuna's request the Lord discusses the characteristics of a man possessed of a stable mind, the means of attaining stability of mind and its fruit


Chapter III
17. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Chapter 141-142
18. At Arjuna's request the Lord enunciates the two disciplines of Sankhyayoga and Karmayoga and exhorts him to performs his duties 142-153
19. The Lord brings out the importance of performing actions for the sake of sacrifice; and after explaining the wheel of creation emphasizes the necessity of performing one's duties 153-162
20. Even thought the enlightened soul has no obligation to discharge, the Lord shows the necessity for action on the part of the wise and even on the part of God Himself, in the interest of the world order: the marks of the wise and the unwise; and the Lord's exhortation for the performance of actions without attraction and aversion 162-186
21. In response to Arjuna's question, the Lord describes the nature and seat of desire and advises him to kill it


Chapter IV
22. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Chapter 199-200
23. Discussion about the manifestations of the Lord and the creation of the four orders of society by Him; secret of action and the glory of enlightened souls 200-228
24. Different forms of sacrifices described 228-245
25. The glory of Knowledge described


Chapter V
26. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link f the Chapter 258-259
27. In answer to the question of Arjuna, Sri Krsna differentiates between Sankhyayoga and Karmayoga, and describes the marks and glory of the Sankhyayogi and Karmayogi 259-271
28. Discussion about the Sankhyayogi and Sankhyayoga 272-287
29. Description of Dhyanayoga (Meditation) for the Sadhakas of both Sankhyayoga and Karmayoga, and the attainment of Supreme Peace through realization of the Lord as the sole enjoyer of all sacrifices, the supreme Lord of all the worlds and the disinterested friend of all beings


Chapter VI
30. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Chapter 294-295
31. A tribute to the Karmayogi; marks of the man who has climbed to the height of Yoga; exhortation for redeeming the self and the marks of the God-realized soul 295-305
32. Description of Dhyanayoga with its fruit
(Meditation on Sri Sankara, Sri Visnu, Sri Rama and Sri Krsna; 311-313)
(Stealing of calves and the cowherd boys by Brahma; the glory of the Gopis of Vraja; Sri Krsna reveals to Yasoda the whole creation within His mouth and a similar vision granted to Kakabhusundi by Sri Rama within His own belly, etc. 330-333)
33. In response to the questions of Arjuna the Lord discusses the subject of mind-control and the destiny of him who has fallen from Yoga 337-352
34. Greatness of the Yogi; exhortation for becoming a Yogi; and supremacy of the Yogi mentally united with the Lord


Chapter VII
35. A reference to the division of the Gita into three groups of six chapter each 355
36. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the discourse 355-356
37. Eulogy of Jnana and Vijnana, i.e., Knowledge of the absolute Brahma and manifest Divinity, and rarity of true Knowledge about the reality of God; a description of the Apara (lower) and Para (higher) Prakrtis; a reference to God being the supreme cause of all and a description of His integral being 356-364
38. Condemnation of men possessing a demoniac disposition and eulogy of devotees of God of all kinds; a reference to the worship of all deities
(Short notes on Dhruva, Draupadi, Uddhava and Prahlada 367-369)
39. The cause of failure to realize the glory of God and a tribute to those who have come to know Him in His entirety


Chapter VIII
40. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 385
41. In response to Arjuna's query the Lord discusses the nature of Brahma, Adhyatma, Karma, Adhibhuta, Adhidaiva and Adhiyajna, and the destiny of man after death 386-394
42. The Final destiny of the Yogis who contemplate on the formless Divinity with attributes, and of those who  adore the formless and attributeess Brahma 394-401
43. The glory of Devotion to God and a description of the cosmic day and night, as well as of the supreme Abode which is attained by all types of worshippers along with the means of attaining it in the shape of Devotion 401-410
44. The Bright and Dark paths described


Chapter IX
45. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 420-421
46. A dissertation on Jnana and Vijnana, i.e., Knowledge of the absolute Brahma and the manifest Divinity, the glory of the divine power and the evolution of the universe 421-431
47. Condemnation of those who think low of the Lord for want of knowledge of His greatness; the glory of Devotion; a description knowledge of His integral being along with Its glory and the destiny of those who aspire for heaven 431-443
48. The glory of single-minded Devotion
(Short life-sketches of Vidura, Sudama, Draupadi, the Lord of elephants, Sabari and Rantideva 450-458);
(The story of Bilvamangala 463-467);
(Short notes on Guha, the chief of the Nisadas, the Yajnapatnis, Samadhi Vaisya and Sanjaya 468-471);
(The stories of Sutiksna and the royal sage Ambarisa 472-474)


Chapter X
49. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 477
50. A reference to the glory and Yogic power of the Lord and the reward of knowing them
(Short notes on Marici, Angira, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasistha 483-485)
51. Bhakti discussed with its reward and glory 487-491
52. Arjuna offers his praises to the Lord and requests Him to describe His glory and Yogic power
(Short notes on Devarsi Narada, Asita, Devala and Vedavyasa 493-494)
53. The Lord recounts His manifestations and power of Yoga
(Short notes on Kubera, Brhaspati and Bhrgu 502-504);
(Note on Yama 508-509);
(Note on the Ganga 510-511);
(Story of the discomfiture of the celestials at the hands of Brahma appearing as a Yaksa 516-517);
(Note on Sukracarya 518)


Chapter XI
54. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 522-523
55. Arjuna requests the Lord to reveal his Cosmic Body 523-526
56. The Lord describes His Cosmic Body  and confers the divine eye on Arjuna 526-530
57. The Cosmic Body of the Lord described by Sanjaya 530-533
58. Arjuna beholds the Cosmic Body and offers his praises to It 533-543
59. The Lord describes His glory and encourage Arjuna to fight 544-547
60. Arjuna extols the Lord and request Him to show His four-armed form 548-556
61. The Lord glorifies His Cosmic Body and reveals His four-armed form and human form successively 556-560
62. The Lord extols His four-armed form and speaks of exclusive devotion to Himself


Chapter XII
63. Title and summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 564-565
64. In response to Arjuna's query the Lord pronounces His verdict on the relative importance of the worshippers of God with form and of those who adore God without form, and discusses the various practices leading to God-realization 565-578
65. The marks of devotees who have realized God 578-588
66. A reference to advanced devotees of God who are yet on the way to God-realization


Chapter XIII
67. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 590-591
68. Ksetra and Ksetrajna as well as Knowledge and the Object of Knowledge discussed 591-607
69. Prakrti and Purusa discussed along with Knowledge
(The Four Equipments and Sixfold Riches 614-616)


Chapter XIV
70. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 625-626
71. Glory of Knowledge and the emanation of creation from the union of Prakrti and Purusa (Matter and Spirit) 626-628
72. The Three Gunas or modes of Prakrti, viz., Sattva, Rajas and Tamas, presented in diverse ways
(Ten factors conductive to the growth of the Gunas 633)
73. Means of rising above the three Gunas; marks of a man who has transcended the three Gunas; and the greatness of God


Chapter XV
74. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 650-651
75. The Tree of Creation; means to God-realization; and the Supreme Abode of God 651-657
76. The Jivatma or embodied soul 658-661
77. The glory and essential character of God and the three categories - Ksara, Aksara and Purusottama


Chapter XVI
78. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 670-671
79. Godly and demoniac properties and their respective fruits 671-677
80. Marks of men possessing a demoniac disposition and their downward course in the scale of spiritual evolution 677-685
81. Commandment to avoid the gates of hell in the shape of lust, anger and greed; and admonition to perform duties sanctioned by the Sastras


Chapter XVII
82. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 689-690
83. Three kinds of Faith; men who practise austere penance discountenanced by the scriptures 690-695
84. Classification of food, sacrifices, austerity and charity according tot he predominance of the three Gunas 695-709
85. The use of the sacred appellations OM, TAT and SAT explained


Chapter XVIII
86. Title and Summary of the Chapter and Link of the Discourse 714-715
87. The nature of Tyaga determined by the Lord in response to Arjuna's query 716-726
88. Factors contributory to actions according to the Sankhya point of view 727-731
89. Classification of Jnana, Karma, Karta, Buddhi, Dhrti and Sukha according tot he predominance of the three Gunas
(Glory of Dharma; nature of Truth, Compassion, tranquility and Non-violence 742-743)
90. Duties of the four orders of society and their reward
(Story of Visvamitra and Vasistha 753-754; story of Bhisma 755-759; and story of Tuladhara Vaisya 760; need and utility of the institutions of Varna and Asrama dicussed 761-764)
91. Path of Knowledge 768-774
92. Karmayoga accompanied with Bhakti; glory of Self-surrender and the Lord's call to Arjuna for surrender
(Greatness of Arjuna and the Lord's love for him 785-787)
93. Glory of the Gita 788-798


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