The Gita has attracted the attention of
several ancient and medieval teachers who
have written commentaries and glosses on
it in Sanskrit. In the Advaita Vedanta
tradition Sankara (A. D. 788-820) comes
first. In fact, his is the earliest of the
extant commentaries. Ramanuja (A. D.
1017-1137), Madhva (A. D. 1197-1276),
Nimbarka (12th century A. D.) and
Vallabha (A. D. 1473-1531) are the other
great acharyas or teachers who have written
commentaries on the Gita. Anandagiri
(A. D. 1200), Vedanta Desika (A. D. 1268-
1370) and Jayatirtha (13th century A. D.)
have written glosses on the commentaries
of Sankara, Ramanuja and Madhva respectively. Mention may also be made of the commentaries of Sridhara (15th century
A. D.), Madhusudana (A. D. 1525-1632) and
Raghavendra (A. D. 1598-1671) who have
made some original contributions to the
I read Bhagavad Gita during periods?
Yes, women can read the Bhagavad
Gita even during their menstrual cycle. It is not recommended for them to
engage in the direct services of the Lord but since reading scriptures (Shastra
Adhyayan) is an important limb of spirituality, it should be practiced every
day without fail. Of course, bodily hygiene should be maintained if you want to
read the Gita. If taking a bath is not possible, you must at least wash your
hands and feet properly.
writes commentary on Bhagavad Gita?
According to the Vedic injunctions, only those who
are well-versed in the subject matters of the scriptures, who know the essence
of all Vedic knowledge, and who are devotees of the Supreme Lord Vishnu or Krishna
are eligible to spread the spiritual knowledge amongst others. Lord Krishna
tells Arjun in the Bhagavad
Gita that this secret knowledge is received through the chain of disciplic
succession. Therefore, those who come in this line of succession write a
commentary on the Bhagavad Gita and present it in an unadulterated way.
many commentaries are there on Bhagavad Gita?
There are more than 50 commentaries on the Bhagavad
Gita which is considered the most confidential knowledge and the essence of
all Vedic knowledge. There are 18 chapters and 700 verses (shlokas) in the
Gita. The commentators, who are generally the devotees of the Supreme Lord
(Vishnu or Krishna), write their commentaries on each Shlokas, explaining its
meaning without any adulteration. By reading the explanation, the context of
the verses is understood properly.
is the main moral lesson of Gita?
Gita is full of nectar and lessons. But the essence of all the teachings of
the Gita is to surrender unto the Supreme Lord
Krishna without any calculations or fear. Only the Supreme Lord is our true
well-wisher. He is situated in everyone’s hearts as Paramatma (Super soul). In
order to get out of the cycle of repeated births and deaths and to cross the
ocean of material nescience, the individual soul is only dependent on the
causeless mercy of the Supreme Lord (the controller of everything). Therefore,
Lord Krishna tells Arjun to take the shelter of His lotus feet and be freed
from all sinful reactions.
wrote the first commentary on Bhagavad Gita?
The knowledge of the Bhagavad
Gita (the most confidential) was received by the saintly Kings through the
line or chain of disciplic succession. However, in course of time, the
succession was broken and the transcendental knowledge was lost and
misunderstood among people. It is believed that Adi
Shankaracharya in 800 AD wrote the first commentary on the Bhagavad Gita
and presented it in a simpler way among common people.
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