‘Studies in Rabindranath’s Prosody and Bengali Prose-Verse’ is a combination of two papers—‘Studies in Rabindranath’s Prosody’ and ‘Rhythm of Bengali Prose and Prose- Verse’, first published in the Journal of the Department of Letters of the University of Calcutta in 1938 and 1939. There two papers are a follow-up of his Premchand Raichand Studentship thesis ‘Principles of Bengali Prosody’. The latter was published in Bengali in book-from-a pioneering scientific study of Bengali Prosody. Now it runs to ninth edition and published by the University of Calcutta. We hope this combination of the aforesaid papers will be great help to the admirers of Tagore and those who study Rabindranath’s prosody and prose-verse.
Born in 1902 (May 25) at Patgram Village in Jalpaiguri district (now in Bangladesh) Professor Amulyadhan Mukherjee graduated with First Class in English from Presidency College, Calcutta in 1922, and took a first class in his M.A. from Calcutta University in 1926. In 1930 he was awarded Premchand Roychand studentship and later the Mouat Medal for his pioneering scientific study of Bengali prosody. Professor Mekherjee was awarded the Sarojini Basu Gold Medal for 1968 by Calcutta University for his outstanding contribution to the study of Bengali language and literature. A Professor English language and literature for more than thirty years, he was on the faculties of the Universities of Calcutta and Jadavpur and a Fellow of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta (1978). He was selected a Senior Research fellow by the U.G.C. for 1965-68. Author of more than a score research papers of high merit in English and Bengali and Sanskrit prosody and on various topics of English and Bengali literature, his important works include Bangla Chhander Mulsutra (1932) and Sanskrit Prosody: Its Evolution (1976). He died on March 20, 1984 at his South Calcutta residence.
An attempt has been made in the following pages to study the character and constitution of rhythmed prose and prose-verse in Bengali. Incidentally some of the fundamental questions on the nature of prose and verse have been touched or discussed. The discussions have generally proceeded on a basis of comparison between analogous forms in English and in Bengali. The views given here are put forward with a certain degree of diffidence as the author had not the advantage of comparing his views with those of any previous writers on the same subjects. So far as he is aware, he is the only writer to have studied them up till now. His labours will, however, be amply rewarded if they lead to further investigations in the same field. The author’s views on prose rhythm are to some extent based upon an article of his, published in the Bengali quarterly PARICHAY in Magh 1339 B. S.
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