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TIRUKKURAL OF TIRUVALLUVAR (In Roman and Tamil Scripts)

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Preface The Tirukkural of Triuvalluvar is the most outstanding and inspiring popular work on general ethics political principles and happy married life. It is the greatest treasure house of wisdom in Tamil and the gift of Tamilnadu to the world. it is on a par with the Bhagavadgita and the Dhammapada. The author Trivalluvar is generally assigned to the first century A.D. He is said to have been a weaver from Mylapore in Madras some others consider that he was a Harijan. Vaisnavas and saivas ...
Preface

The Tirukkural of Triuvalluvar is the most outstanding and inspiring popular work on general ethics political principles and happy married life. It is the greatest treasure house of wisdom in Tamil and the gift of Tamilnadu to the world. it is on a par with the Bhagavadgita and the Dhammapada.

The author Trivalluvar is generally assigned to the first century A.D. He is said to have been a weaver from Mylapore in Madras some others consider that he was a Harijan. Vaisnavas and saivas Buddhists and Jains all claim Tiruvalluvar as their own. The Tirukkural is written not only the Hindus but for humanity for all time at all places. The emphasis is on the individuals rather than on society.

Ethical and political principles of a very high standard are expressed in the Tirukkural in a lucid precise and direct manner. The importance of wealth is not as a means for enjoyment but as a means for doing one’s dharma. The kama section deals with marriage and conjugal love. The title of the work is based on the kural metre in which the couplets are written.

The tirukkal is divided into three sections dealing with the three goals of people who want to live a full life in this world. Aram Porul and Kama corresponding to the three Purusartha-s Dharma Astha and kama respectively. Together there are 1330 Kural couplets divided into 133 chapters each containing ten kurals. Indian tradition also divides the three goals of full life in this world as Trivarga leaving aside Moksa to those inclined towards the Nivrtti marga of detachment and renunciation.

V.R. Ramachandra Dikshitar’s English translation of the Tirukkural is in a lucid and simple style and is faithful to the original. It was published by the Asyar Library and research centre in 1949 in two volumes one containing the Tifukkuarl in Roman transliteration and the other in Tamil Script. Though several translations are available a faithful English translation in simple and lucid prose together with the Tamil text in Roman script is not available in the market. Hence we are bringing out in a single volume the English translation together with the Tamil text both in Tamil Script and in not available in the market. Hence we are bringing out in a single volume the English translation together with the Tamil text both in Tamil script and in Roman transliteration. The birth centenary of V.R. Ramachandra Dikshitar falls in 1995 we are bringing out his edition as a mark of respect to him.

CONTENTS
Preface to the new edition v
Diacritical Marks xv
1 In praise of God 2
2 In Praise of Rain 4
3 On the Greatness of Renunciation 6
4 On Dharma 8
5 On Family Life 10
6 On Wives 12
7 On Sons 14
8 Loving-Kindness 16
9 On Hospitality 18
10 On Sweet Words 20
11 On Gratitude 22
12 On Equity 24
13 On Self-Control 26
14 On Right Conduct 28
15 On Adultery 30
16 On Patience 32
17 On Envy 34
18 On Non-coveting 36
19 On Not Backbiting 38
20 On Frivolity of Speech 40
21 On Fear of Evil Deeds 42
22 On Decorum 44
23 On Liberality 46
24 On Renown 48
25 On Compassion 50
26 On Abstaining from Meat 52
27 On Penance 54
28 On Improper Conduct 56
29 On Non-Stealing 58
30 On Truth 60
31 On Not Getting Angry 62
32 On Not Doing Evil 64
33 On Not Killing 66
34 On Instability 68
35 On Renunciation 70
36 On True Knowledge 72
37 On the Destruction of Desire 74
38 On Fate 76
Porutpal
39 On Majesty 80
40 On Learning 82
41 On Non-Learning 84
42 On Hearing 86
43 On Knowledge 88
44 On Restraining Faults 90
45 On Association with Elders 92
46 On Avoiding Low Company 94
47 On Action after Due Deliberation 96
48 On Knowing the Enemy's Strenght 98
49 On Knowing the Time 100
50 On Knowing the Place 102
51 Engaging Servants after Test 104
52 On Appointment according to Merit 106
53 On cherishing One's Kindred 108
54 Against Forgetfulness 110
55 On Righteous Sceptre 112
56 On Unrighteous Rule 114
57 On Tyranny 116
58 On Kindless 118
59 On Spices 120
60 On Exertion 122
61 Against Sloth 124
62 On Perseverance 126
63 On Courage 128
64 On Ministers 130
65 On Good Speech 132
66 On Purity in Action 134
67 On Resoluteness 136
68 On the Means of Action 138
69 On Embassy 140
70 On Co-operation with the King 142
71 On Reading One's Intentions 144
72 On Knowing the Assembly 146
73 Not to be Afraid of the Assembly 148
74 On the Kingdom 150
75 On Fortress 152
76 On Acquisition of Wealth 154
77 On the Value of an Army 156
78 On Courage of the Army 158
79 On Friendship 160
80 On True Friendship 162
81 On Old Friendship 164
82 On Base Alliance 166
83 On False Alliance 168
84 On Stupidity 170
85 On Ignorance 172
86 On Discord 174
87 On Enmity 176
88 On Knowing the Enemy's Strength 178
89 Internal Foes 180
90 Not Censuring the Great 182
91 On following Women's Advice 184
92 On Public Women 186
93 On Avoiding Wine 188
94 On Gambling 190
95 On Medicine 192
96 On Noble Lineage 194
97 On Honour 196
98 On Greatness 198
99 On Good Conduct 200
100 On Courtesy 202
101 On Unprofitable Wealth 204
102 On Modesty 206
103 On Exalting One's Family 208
104 On Agriculture 210
105 On Poverty 212
106 On Begging 214
107 On Fear of Begging 216
108 On Meanness 218
Kamattuppal
109 On Lover's Distraction 222
110 Reading Love Signs 224
111 The Ecstasy of Love's 226
112 On His Lady 228
113 On the Affirmation of Love 230
114 Speaking Out Unabashed 232
115 Rumours of Secret Love 234
116 The Pangs of Separation 236
117 The Cry of the Separated 238
118 On Eyes that Languish 240
119 Grieving over Love's Pallor 242
120 Feeling All Alone 244
121 Recollecting the Pleasure of Love 246
122 Dream of Love 248
123 Sunset and Sorrow 250
124 Wasting Away 252
125 Soliloquy of the Lady-Love 254
126 On the Loss of Modesty 256
127 On the Distress of Each towards the Other 258
128 On Speaking on the Signs 260
129 On Yearning after Union 262
130 On Speaking with the Mind 264
131 On Speaking with the Mind 266
132 On Subtlety of Lovers Misunderstanding 268
133 On the Pleasure of Lovers Misunderstanding 270
Text in Tamil Script 275

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Item Code: IDF695 Author: English Translation By: V. R. RAMACHANDRA DIKSHITAR Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2000 Publisher: The Adyar Library ISBN: 8185141347 Language: English Size: 8.5" X 5.7" Pages: 411 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 700 gms
Price: $27.50
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