The eyes of the Medicine Buddha are half closed and there is a circle (urna) between his eyebrows; his neck has three folds (trivali) which signify the sweetness of his speech.He is wearing a beautiful monastic cloak, covering both the shoulders leaving the breast bare. The garments are ornately decorated with stylized designs in gold against the black background. The middle ground and background of the painting is filled with mountainous plateaus, medicinal plants, fruits, herbs, lakes, high peaks and stylized clouds etc. Above the clouds are the sun and the moon, with stars. At the bottom, Bodhisattva Suryaprabha (on proper right side) and Bodhisattva Chandraprabha (on proper left side) have been depicted. The centre bottom is filled with a pool and offerings.
It is said that for the sake of lay patients and sick disciples, Buddha appeared as Bhaisajyaguru in a blue complexion and taught the science of medicine at Sudarsana, the palace of Indra on Mount Sumeru. The Buddha stayed there for four years in the Medicine forest. To turn the wheel of medical science, the Buddha became Bhaisajyaguru and attained the Samadhi called 'expelling 404 diseases'.
The cult of Bhaisajyaguru is still very popular in Tibet, Mongolia, China, Korea and Japan. He is said to dispense spiritual medicine when properly worshipped. The Bhaisajyaguru dharani describes special characteristics, rituals, and related legends of Bhaisajyaguru or Medicine Buddha.
This description by Dr. Shailendra Kumar Verma, Ph.D. His doctorate thesis being on the "Emergence and Evolution of the Buddha Image (from its inception to 8th century A.D)."