Lord Vishnu Laying on Sheshnaag While All Deities Worshipping

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Sri Vishnu, the protector and nurturer of this beautiful Srishti or creation in Hinduism, can be visualized as a divine king, a father figure whose duty involves constantly interacting with his devotees and answering their prayers. His doors are open to all. As the supreme god who participates in his own creation in order to ensure its unhindered functioning, Vishnu is one of the Hindu deities with whom the followers feel a deep and personal relationship, which can be described as Bhakti. The proximity between Bhakta (worshiper) and Bhagwan (worshipped) and the greatness of Lord Vishnu is the theme of the exquisite Patachitra, made marvellous by the use of a soothing blue shade.

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Item Code: PY99
Artist: Rabi Behera
Specifications:
Water Color Painting on Patti Folk Art From The Temple Town Puri (Orissa) Artist: Rabi Behera
Dimensions 18.5 inches x 12.5 inches
Handmade
Handmade
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Free delivery
Fully insured
Fully insured
100% Made in India
100% Made in India
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Fair trade

The four-armed god reclines on his Sheshashaiya (bed made from the coils of the snake Shesha). He is the centre of the Universe as well as the painting, every eye, including the eyes of other subjects in the painting, is fixed upon the magnetic presence of Vishnu-Narayana. Brahma sits on the lotus that is emerging from Vishnu’s navel. Goddess of Knowledge and his wife Saraswati, stand near the head of the snake-bed, charmingly holding her veena. Lakshmi is near Vishnu’s legs, her body language implying that she is involved in a conversation with her beloved. A four-limbed, tiger skin-clad  Shiva bows his primary hands in front of Vishnu while carrying his trident and drum in the other two hands. Garuda, the king of all birds and the mount of Vishnu is venerating his lord, sitting on his knees and looking at him with an expression of dedication and admiration. The heavenly imagery pops out grandly due to the dark colour used to depict the night sky and the Ksheer Sagar (ocean made out of milk). Outlined using charming floral motifs, this Patachitra is an artist’s tribute to the beauty of the persona of Vishnu. 

Mastering the Ancient Technique: Exploring the Meticulous Creation of Pattachitra Paintings

The traditional Pattachitra is a scroll painting that is done on cloth. This is revealed in the name; Pattachitra is a Sanskrit term made from two words i.e. Patta meaning cloth and Chitra meaning picture. The main subject of this painting is portraying Hindu mythological narratives, scenes from religious texts, and folktales. Pattachitra paintings are especially practiced in eastern Indian states such as West Bengal and Odisha, and also in some parts of Bangladesh. This art form is closely related to Shri Jagannath and the tradition of the Vaishnava sect. It is believed that Pattachitra art originated in the 11th century and the people of Odisha practice it even today without any discrepancy. Bengalis use these scroll paintings for ritual purposes (as a visual device) during the performance of a song or Aarti.
Pattachitra paintings are characterized by creative and traditional motifs/designs, decorative borders, and bright colorful applications. The outline of the figure and motifs are bold and sharp. Some common shapes and motifs seen in these paintings are trees, flowers, leaves, elephants, and other creatures. The artists of Odisha and Bengal still use the traditional method of painting which gives a unique look to it altogether.

1. Canvas is prepared

The process of painting a Pattachitra begins by preparing the canvas (patta). Generally, cotton cloth is used for making the canvas. The local artists dip the cotton cloth in a mixture of tamarind seeds and water for a few days. The cloth is then taken out and dried in the sun. Now natural gum is applied over it to stick another layer of cotton cloth on it. Thus a thick layer of cotton cloth is formed. This layered cotton is sun-dried and a paste of chalk powder, tamarind, and gum is applied on both sides. The surface of the cloth is then rubbed with two different stones for smoothening and it is again dried. This process gives the cloth a leathery finish and it is now ready to be painted.
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2. Natural colors are made using traditional method

The painters prepare and use vegetable and mineral colors for application in the painting. White color is made from conch shells, black is made by burning coconut shells, Hingula is used for red color, Ramaraja for blue, and Haritala for yellow.
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3. Colors are filled in

The artist now makes a double-lined border on all four sides of the canvas. The local artists are so expert in painting that they do not draw figures and motifs with pencil but directly draw them with a brush. The paint brushes that the painters use are made of the hair of domestic animals, a bunch of which is tied to the end of a bamboo stick. The figures are now painted with natural colors using the indigenous brushes. The outline is thickened with black color.
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4. Painting is given a finishing

Finally, the painting is varnished/glazed to protect it from any damage and to get a glossy shine on the surface.

The making of a Pattachitra is laborious work and therefore, one painting may sometimes take over a month to complete. Due to their classical look, these paintings are admired by people from all over the world. The artistic skills used in Pattachitra are passed down from one generation to another and thus are preserved to date.
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