Location: Pelvic plexus; region between anus and genitals; the base of the
spine; the first three vertebrae.
Aspects: Food and Shelter.
Tattva (Element): Earth
Color of Tattva: Yellow.
Shape of Tattva: Square.
Predominant Sense: Smell.
Sense Organ: Nose.
Work Organ: Anus.
Vayu (Air): Apana vayu, the air that expels the semen from the male organ;
urine for both sexes; and that which pushes the child from the womb during
Ruling Planet: Mars.
Yantra Form: Inscribed in the white circle can be seen the yantra which is a
chrome yellow square with four vermilion petals. The square has great
significance with regard to earthly awareness, as it represents the earth
itself, the four dimensions, and the four directions. The four points form
the four pillars or corners of what is known as the quadrangular earth. Four
allows for completion, and the earth too embodies elements which make us
complete on all levels.
The Four Petals:
The four lotus petals represent ganglions that are formed at four important
nerve endings. The color of the petals is vermilion mixed with a small
amount of crimson red.
The seat of the vital force, Kundalini, is depicted variously in the form of
a coiled serpent, a lingam or a triangle. The Kundalini serpent is coiled
three and one-half times around the svayambhu ("self-born") Lingam. With her
mouth open, facing upwards, she is connected with the path of sushumna, the
central nerve canal that runs along the spine. The unawakened Kundalini
remains coiled, wrapped around the lingam with her tail in her mouth.
Because her mouth faces downwards, the flow of energy is downwards. As soon
as one begins working with the first chakra, this dormant energy raises its
head and flows freely into the channel of sushumna.
The downward pointing triangle at the center of the entire diagram is
visualized shows the lingam and Kundalini. It indicates the
downward movement of the three main nerves, Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna. The
union of these nerves in Muladhara Chakra forms an inverted triangle, which
also causes the energy to flow downwards. The color of the lingam is smoky
gray, sometimes also said to be the color of a new leaf.
Bija Sound: LANG. Outlined in the Devanagari alphabet this sound can be seen
depicted against the background of the yellow square. This sound is produced
by putting the lips in a square shape and pushing the tongue also in a
square shape, against the palate. This Bija sound vibrates the palate, the brain,
and the top of the cranium.
When properly produced, the mantra Lang excites the nadis in the first
chakra and creates a lock that closes the downward movement of energy.
Upward movement starts when the end of the sound LANG - that is, ANG - vibrates in
the upper head. Repeating the sound takes away the insecurities associated
with the first chakra and provides the aspirant with financial security,
awareness and inner strength. LANG is said to have four "arms." Its
vibration helps create a passage inside the Brahma Nadi in order to
facilitate the flow of energy.
Vehicle of Bija: The elephant Airavata, the mount of Lord Indra. The skin of
the elephant is a soft-gray, the color of clouds. His seven trunks signify the seven aspects of every
individual which must be recognized and evolved in harmony with natural laws. These
seven aspects are:
1). Sound ................... Ears (sense organ)
2).Touch.................... Skin (sense organ)
3). Sight .................... Eyes (sense organ)
4). Taste ................... Tongue (work organ)
5). Smell ................... Nose (sense organ)
6). Defecation ........... Anus (work organ)
7). Sex .................... Genitals (work organ)
Similarly, seven dhatus (constituents) make up the physical body:
1. Raja - Clay, earth
2. Rasa - Fluids
3. Rakta - Blood
4. Mansa - Flesh, nerve fibers, tissues
5. Medha - Fat
6. Asthi - Bone
7. Majjan - Bone Marrow
The seven types of desires ( for security, procreation, longevity, sharing,
knowledge, self-realization, and union) are seen in the trunks and seven
colors. They are also associated with the seven chakras, the seven notes in
an octave, and the seven major planets.
The elephant represents the nature of a life-long search for food for the
body, the mind, and the heart. One who has activated the first chakra walks
with the steadfast, assured gait of an elephant. He will strive to increase
his amount of control with the heaviest weight he can bear. He will also do
his work with humility, like the manual laborer who carries out continuous
orders from others. Indeed, one who has mastered control over his indriyas -
the organs of sense and work - is said to become Indra, and thus will ride
Deity of the Chakra: The deity of this chakra is Bala Brahma (child Brahma).
Brahma, the lord of creation, rules the north and is the presiding deity of
the first chakra. He is depicted at the top left, as a radiant child with
four head and four arms. His skin is the color of wheat. He wears a yellow dhoti (traditional
Indian cloth wrapped to cover the lower body) and a scarf. With four arms
and four heads, Brahma sees in all the four directions at once. Each head
represents one of the four aspects of human consciousness. These are
recognized as the following:
1. The Physical Self: Bodily relationship to food, exercise, sleep, and
sex. The physical self is manifested through earth, matter, and the mother.
2. The Rational Self: The intellect or conditioned logic of an individual's
3. The Emotional Self: The moods and sentiments that shift continually
within the person. Loyalty and romance are influenced by the emotional self.
4. The Intuitive Self: The inner voice of a person's conscious mind.
In his four arms Brahma holds the following:
a). In his upper left hand, a lotus flower, the symbol of purity.
b). In his second left hand, the sacred scriptures, containing the knowledge
of all creation. Brahma may impart sacred knowledge when he is properly
c). In one right hand, a vase containing nectar. This is amrita, the
precious fluid of vital potency.
d). The fourth hand is raised in the mudra of granting fearlessness.
Brahma appears during the twilight hours of dusk and sunrise. By envisioning
him, one invokes a peaceful stillness in the mind. All fears and
insecurities are resolved through Lord Brahma, the ever-watchful creator.
The shakti of this chakra is Dakini, she can be seen at the upper-right.
The energy of Dakini shakti combines the forces of creator, preserver, and
destroyer, symbolized by the trident held in one of her left hands.
In her other left hand she holds a skull, which indicates detachment from
fear of death - the basic psychological block of the first chakra.
Her upper right hand holds a sword, with which she removes fear, destroys
ignorance, and helps the sadhaka surmount all difficulties.
In her other right hand she holds a shield, which provides the power to
shield oneself against problems.
Dakini shakti wears a sari of either yellow-peach or vermilion color. In
some texts she is shown as an angry-looking, fearsome goddess, but for meditation
the images of gods and goddesses should be visualized in their pleasant
Ruler of the Chakra:
The ruler of this chakra is Ganesha. Ganesha, the elephant-headed god, lord
of all beginnings, who is invoked to bestow protection over all
The figure of Ganesha is very attractive yet difficult for the rational mind
to accept as an important deity. Worship of Ganesha involves accepting him
as remover of obstacles; this subdues the rational mind, or the left
hemisphere - which is analytical and critical in nature - and frees the
right hemisphere, which is emotional and which is needed for any spiritual
venture. Visualization of Ganesha helps in stopping the internal dialogue.
One who is put off by the external form cannot admire the internal beauty of
Ganesha, but one who penetrates the physical reality can see in Ganesha the
union of love and wisdom, Shakti and Shiva.
Ganesha's skin is orange. He wears a dhoti of lemon yellow color. A
silk scarf drapes his shoulders. He has four arms to serve him while
he acts as the destroyer of obstacles. Ganesha is the son of Shiva and
Parvati. He carries the swastika ( Sanskrit, svastika ), the ancient Indian
symbol of the union of the four directions, the upward energy of Lord
Vishnu, and solar radiation. In his four arms Ganesha holds the following:
A ladu: A fragrant. sweet symbolizing sattva, the most refined state of
pure consciousness. The ladu also brings health and prosperity to the
A lotus flower: symbolizing the qualities of selfless action and a
A hatchet: symbolizing control of the "elephant of desires" and the cutting
away of the bondage of desires. The hatchet cuts the person away from the
false identification of his Self with his physical body.
The fourth hand of Ganesha is raised in the mudra of granting fearlessness.
EFFECTS OF MEDITATION ON THIS CHAKRA:
Muladhara Chakra represents the manifestation of
individual consciousness into human form, that is, physical birth.
Meditation on this chakra induces the beginnings of awareness,
freedom from disease, lightness, inspiration, vitality, vigor, stamina,
security , an understanding of inner purity , and softness in the voice and
in the inner melody.
BEHAVIORAL CHARACTERISTICS IN MULADHARA CHAKRA:
If a person with tightened jaws and fists refuses to live in accordance with the natural laws that
govern his body, he will create further karma, or worldly entanglement. His
sense and work organs will only serve to bring confusion and pain in
exchange for temporary gratification. Once a person begins to act in harmony
with these natural laws, he will no longer waste energy or pollute his
sensory awareness with over- indulgence. Such a person will act wisely and
with moderation, exploring his body and mind as vehicles of liberation
from the lower realms.
The person dominated by the Muladhara Chakra generally sleeps between ten
and twelve hours nightly, on his stomach. This chakra encompasses the planes
of genesis, illusion, anger, greed, delusion, avarice, and sensuality. These
aspects of the first chakra are fundamental to human existence. The desire
for more experience and information acts as a motivating force, a basic
impetus for individual development.
The Muladhara Chakra is the seat of the coiled Kundalini, the vital shakti,
or energy force. The Kundalini serpent is coiled around the Svayambhu
lingam. This foundation chakra is indeed the root of all growth and
awareness of the divinity of man.
Johari, Harish. Chakras Energy Centers of Transformation: Vermont, 1987.
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