He is wearing drapery that covers both the shoulders and the lower garment is extended up to the feet. The drapery is incised with wired lines indicating the folds of the garment. The border is embossed with floral designs.
The body of the Buddha is slim and slender. The eyes are half closed and the facial expression shows calm, compassion and serenity. He has short curly hair with a prominent ushnisha (jewel on the top of the head).
There is the urna (sacred mark) between the eyebrows and the blessed one has elongated earlobes. The sculpture is a product of skilled workmanship.
Buddha was born at Lumbini (Nepal) in 563 B.C. and was given the name of Siddharth, meaning whose purpose has been full-filled. His father, King Suddhodana was the ruler of the Shakya clan of Kapilvastu. His mother queen Mahamaya died seven days after his birth. He was nurtured by his step mother Mahaprajapati Gautami.. Prince Siddharth showed a meditative bent of mind from his childhood. He was married to Yasodhara at sixteen and had a son, Rahula. He relinquished the worldly life at the age of 29 years and departed to a forest to meditate as a hermit for six years. Siddharth finally obtained enlightenment and became Buddha at the age of thirty-five in Bodhgaya (Bihar) and thereafter he spread the law of Dharma among suffering beings till his death.
Shakyamuni Buddha entered his parinirvana (died) in 483 at the age of eighty at Kushinagar (U.P.).
This description by Dr. Shailendra Kumar Verma, Ph.D. His doctorate thesis being on the "Emergence and Evolution of the Buddha Image (from its inception to 8th century A.D).
D. L. Snellgrove, The image of the Buddha, Delhi, 1978.
Stella Kramrisch, The Art of Nepal, New York, 1964.
S. K. Saraswati, Tantrayana Arti, An Album, Calcutta, 1977.