Confessions of a Swadeshi Reformer -My Year as Finance Minister-

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Item Code: IDJ790
Author: Yashwant Sinha
Publisher: Penguin Books India Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2007
ISBN: 0670999520
Pages: 261
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.6" X 5.6"
Weight 370 gm
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Shipped to 153 countries
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More than 1M+ customers worldwide
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100% Made in India
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23 years in business

Back of the Book

'I made a commitment to myself and to the nation, and resolved India must become economically strong. If ever I got the chance again, the most important task before me would be to try and achieve this goal. Seven years later, fate came knocking at my door.'

About the Book

The Chandra Shekhar government fallen. Fresh elections had been called. Yashwant Sinha, finance minister in the caretaker government, was in Patna, contesting for the Lok Sabha against tough opposition, when a senior officer from the finance ministry brought an urgent file for his signature: India needed to mortgage gold to obtain a loan from the Bank of England to tide over a payments crisis - there were just enough foreign exchange reserves to pay for two weeks imports. The crisis was not of their government's making, but it ever got the opportunity, he promised himself, he would make sure that the country never had to face such a crisis again.

The opportunity came in 1998, when Sinha was appointed finance minister in the NDA government led by Vajpayee and was faced with yet another crisis: the nuclear tests in May that year resulted in sanctions and a possible flashpoint. The finance minister's decision to issue the Resurgent India Bond helped tide over it, raising $4.25 billion in two weeks from NRIs, and the country hasn't looked back since.

Yashwant Sinha was finance minister for four years, until 2002, and presented five budgets. In Confessions of a Swadeshi Reformer he gives us the inside story of how the framework for the growth that has taken place subsequently was laid in that time. From the reforms that were initiated to the politics that threatened all initiative, the opposition from within the party as also outside it, which tried to derail the process, Sinha pulls no punches in this candid memoir. Nor does he shy away from discussing the attempts to cut him down to size, including the proposal to split up the Ministry of Finance, and the various controversies of the time - from the two UTI scams to the Flex Industries case and the Mauritius tax treaty case (in which he was alleged to have favoured his daughter-in-law), all of which he faced with equanimity and strength of character. There are, besides, piquant observations on the jostling for position and prime postings that any minister has to face.

In the popular eye, the finance minister is often seen as a taxing machine, a man entrusted, as one British chancellor of the exchequer put it, with a certain amount of misery which is his duty to distribute as fairly as he can. This may perhaps be true, but, as this memoir shows, the finance minister can also bestow a few pleasant surprises.

About the Author

Born in Patna, Yashwant Sinha was educated there, and received his master's in political science in 1958. Subsequently, he taught in Patna University from 1958 to 1960. He joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1960 and during his twenty-four-year service tenure served as sub-divisional magistrate, district magistrate, and in various positions in the Bihar government, the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Industry and Ministry of Surface Transport of the central government. He has also worked as Consul General of India in Frankfurt, Germany.

Yashwant Sinha took voluntary retirement from the IAS in 1984 and joined active politics as a member of the Janata Party. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha in 1988. His first tenure as Minister of Finance, from November 1990 to June 1991, was in the Chandra Shekhar cabinet. As Lok Sabha member from Hazaribagh, he again held the same portfolio from March 1998 to July 2002 in the Vajpayee government, and then served as external affairs minister, a position he held till the elections of May 2004.

Mr. Sinha is widely traveled and has a range of interests including reading, gardening and meeting people. He lives in New Delhi with his wife Nilima. They have three children, two sons and a daughter.


  Acknowledgements ix
  Prologue xi
  Part 1: The Finance Minister Presents  
1. The Original Reformer? 3
2. A Chance Encounter 25
3. 'Who Will Prepare The Budget?' 32
4. A Dream Budget Gone Sour 37
5. Preparing and Presenting A Budget 41
6. The Nuclear Tests 52
7. A Road Map for the Future 55
8. The Resurgent India Bond and the India Millennium Deposit 64
9. Lessons Learnt 69
10. The General Election of 1999 73
11. The Path to Sustained Growth 77
12. Continuing Reforms 83
13. The Misfortune of Terror 88
14. In August Company 93
15. Strategy Over The Five Budgets 99
  Part 2: Policy and Reforms  
16. Insurance sector Reforms 105
17. Agricultural Reforms 110
18. Taxation Reforms 117
19. Banking Sector Reforms 133
20. Electricity Sector Reforms 139
21. Controlling Fiscal Deficit 143
22. Gross Budgetary Support 152
23. Disinvestment and Privatization 156
24. Other Reforms 160
  Part 3: Confessions of a Swadeshi Reformer  
25. Swadeshi and Globalization 183
26. Presenting India to the World 188
27. Facing up to Controversy 204
28. Farewell to North Block 225
29. The Life of a Finance Minister 231
  Epilogue: A Vision for the Future 241
  Index 253

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