Buddhism had already spread far into other countries before it declined in India in the eleventh century A.D. Hinayana flourished in Ceylone, Burma, Siam, and Cambodia; Mystic Buddhism developed in Tibet; Mahayana grew in China. In Japan the whole of Buddhism became the living and active faith of the masses.
The present study relates to Japanese Buddhism, as in Japan alone the whole of Buddhism is preserved. The author presents Buddhist Philosophy in an ideological sequence and not in its historical sequence as Prof. Stcherbatsky has done in his Buddhist Logic. But the ideological sequence as presented by the author is not the sequence in the development of ideas; it is rather the systematization of the different schools of thought for the purpose of easier approach.
Divided into fifteen chapters, the book deals with different schools of Buddhist Philosophy. The author has grouped these schools under two heads: (I) the schools of negative rationalism, i.e. the religion of Dialectic investigation, and (2) the schools of Introspective Intuitionism, i.e. the Religion of meditative Experience. The author treats these schools in most scientific and elaborate way.
About the Author
Junjiro Takakusu (1866-1945) studied Sanskrit at Oxford and after graduation continued his religious studies in France and Germany. After his return to Japan in 1894 he was appointed Professor in Tokyo University and Director of Tokyo School of Foreign Languages simultaneously. In 1930, he became the President of Tokyo University. He was a member of the Imperial Academy of Japan, Fellow of the British Academy, recipient of Asahi Cultural Prize and Cultural Order. At the time of his death in June 1945 he was Professor Emeritus of Sanskrit at the Tokyo University.
II. Indian Background
III. Fundamental Principle of Buddhist Philosophy
IV. The Kusha School (Realism, Abhidharmakosa,
V. The Jojitsu School (Nihilism, Satyasiddhi,
VI. The Hosso School (Idealism, Mere-Ideation,
Vijnaptimatravada, Yogacara, Fa-hsiang)
VII. The Sanron School (Three Treatises, Negativism,
VIII. The Kegon School (Totalism, Wreath, Avatansaka,
IX. The Tendai School (Phenomenology, Lotus,
X. The Shingon School (Mysticism, True Word, Mantra,
XI. The Zen School (Pure Intuitionism, Meditation,
XII. The Jodo School (Amita-pietism, Pure Land,
XIII. The Nichiren School (Lotus-pietism, New Lotus)
XIV. The New Ritu School (Disciplinary Formalism,
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