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Maya Radhakrishnan's Thought Six Meanings Other Than Illusion

Maya Radhakrishnan's Thought Six Meanings Other Than Illusion
Item Code: IDH399
Author: Donald A. Braue
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Edition: 1984
ISBN: 8120822978
Pages: 184
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details: 8.6" X 5.5
From the Jacket

Is the world an illusion? Is ethical action in and for the world a necessary ingredient of spiritual perfection? Or do the Upanisads require an absolute idealism, which allows one to ignore the urgency of improving conditions in the materially real world? Is there ultimate value in becoming one with the world as well as with Brahman? These are some of the issues raised.

The book examines a central concept in the main philosophical tradition of India. All of President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan's published works constitute the primary sources. ?every occurrence of the word maya is analyzed. The thesis advanced is that as a Hindu modernist he rejects the illusional meaning of maya and accepts six other meanings.

This exposition of Radhakrishnan's maya hermeneutics includes a broader explanation of his over-all thought. The book extracts and evaluates key concepts from the wide range of his philosophical writings. It also describes and assesses the central attitudes of conviction, symbols, and beliefs which constitute his religious faith.

Since Radhakrishnan (1888-1975) was such a persuasive proponent of Hindu faith and tradition, this book is also an exposition of some pivotal Hindu ideas. Consciousness, the whole, harmony, and tolerance are just a few. Unity is also discussed, particularly the alleged unity of religions. The book explores the relationship between Advaita Vedanta tradition and modernity.

About the Author

Donald A. Braue (b. 1940), a graduate of Northfield Mount Hermon School, Massachusetts, obtained his B. A. degree in Psychology at Oberlin Cololege, Ohio and master of Divinity degree in systematic Theology fro Union Theological Seminary of Columbia University, New York. He studied History of Religions at Claremont Graduate School in California where he was awarded the degree of Ph. D.

An ordained Christian minister of the United Methodist Church, Braue served parishes in Wilkes-Barre and Forest City, Pennsylvania.

For nine years Dr. Braue has been teaching world religions at Wagner College in New York, Trinity College in Hartford, California State University in Chico, and Texas Christian University in Fort Worth. While at TCU he also taught at Brite Divinity School.

Other publication include articles in Union Seminary Quarterly Review and Encounter. Dr. Braue received two faculty grants at TCU for collecting and cataloguing slides of Asian art and for developing a course in Islam. Listed in Who's Who in religion, he works with mass media as a consultant for world religions. He was one of the last western scholars to meet with Dr. Radhakrishnan at Girija in Madras

I. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan : A Biographical Sketch1
II. The Problem of Maya9
III. Prabhu Dutt Shastri's Interpretation of Maya16
IV. Radhakrishnan's Approach to the Problem of Maya22
TwoBackground Concepts in Radhakrishnan's Philosophy41
I. Introduction41
II. Epistemological Concepts46
III. Ontological Concepts54
IV. The Concept of Reality in Four Poises63
ThreeRecurring Themes in Radhakrishnan's Faith71
I. Introduction71
II. The Content of S. Radhakrishnan's Faith76
III. The Unity of Religions84
IV. A Modernist's Loylty to Tradition91
V. Ethics93
Four Six Meanings of Maya101
I. Maya as Inexplicable Mastery102
II. Maya as Power of Self-Becoming108
III. Maya as Duality of Consciousness and Matter115
IV. Maya as Primal Matter118
V. Maya as Concealment120
VI. Maya as One-Sided Dependence129
FiveRadhakrishnan's Achievement in Perspective 137
I. Maya: An Epistemological Issue137
II. Maya: A Cosmogonic Issue141
III. Maya: Samkhya Dualism and Vedanta Non-Dualism144
IV. Maya: Matter is Real as Part of the Whole146
V. Maya: A Soteriological Issue148
VI. Maya: Community, Need, and Affection153
VII. Radhakrishnan's Doctrine of Maya: A General Estimate157
Appendix IRadhakrishnan's Summary (1923) of Maya Theory in the Bhagavadgita163
Appendix IIRadhakrishnan's Summary (1927) of Maya in the Advaita Philosophy165
Appendix IIIRadhakrishnan's Summary (1948) of Maya 166
Appendix IVRadhakrishnan's Summary (1952) of Maya in Samkara's System167
Appendix VRadhakrishnan's Summary (1952) of the Status of the World and the Doctrine of Maya168
Selected Bibliography171

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