Professor Bhagabana Sahu, D.Utt.
at present is serving as Professor in the
Department of History, Berhampur
University, Odisha. He authored four
books. He has contributed more than
one hundred research papers and popular articles
to different Journals and edited books of national
repute. He has varied experiences as Principal,
Warden of P.G. Hostels, Head of the P.G.
Department of History, Chairman of Board of
Studies in History and Secretary Sports Council.
Dr. Sadananda Nayak is a Lecturer in
the P.G. Department of History,
Sambalpur University, Odisha. He is a
Life member of Odisha History
Congress, South Indian History
Congress, Indian History Congress and Institute of
Social Development & Research (Ranchi). He has
published 3 Books and a number of articles in
reputed national and international journals to his
Dr. Achintya Mahapatra is presently
working as a Sr. Lecturer in Royal
University of Bhutan. He has to his
credit four books and published a large
number of research papers in several
research journals of national and international
repute. He has visited various countries and
participated in several conferences and seminars.
He is an active member of various professional
bodies like Indian History Congress, International
Council of Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional
Education (ICHRIE), USA, India Tourism Congress
(ITC) and Odisha History Congress etc.
History is the study of the human past as it is described in the written documents left by human
beings. It is a narration of events which have already happened. It is an account of rise and fall of
nations, and other great changes which have affected the social and political conditions of human
race. The main purpose of the study of history is to reconstruct a truthful account of the past. There
is an imperative to study history as it would enable a person to cope with future challenges in
The term culture refers to the "sum total of integrated learned behavior patterns which are
characteristics of the members of a society and which are, therefore, not the result of biological
inheritance". It includes good taste, refinement, achievement in and appreciation of the fine arts,
music and literature. Culture refers to the behavior traits that distinguish man from other species.
Culture consists of all the social organizations through which members of the society are grouped
together into such entities as family, community and state. Culture is crucial to all human existence.
It consists of normative behavior patterns and showed ways or patterns of thinking and feeling
as well as doing. Thus, a culture is a society's system of common heritage.
I congratulate the Editorial Board for their painstaking efforts and Endeavour to bring out this
edited volume to commemorate the occasion of superannuation of Professor Manmath Padhy, an
eminent historian, sincere teacher, committed researcher, creative writer, besides being a dynamic
I am sure this volume will be of immense help to those who have interest to update their
knowledge on different dimensions of history and culture. I am confident that this volume will
also receive wide acclaim from the general public.
I record a word of appreciation for the publishers for bringing out this volume for the benefit
of those having research interest in history and culture.
Professor Padhy has a pleasant personality and exemplary enthusiasm, zeal and commitment
for teaching, research and administration. Though he is going to retire on attaining the age of
superannuation, those who have come. in close contact with him, one cannot believe that he is
retiring. I hope that Professor Padhy will continue to contribute to history and knowledge with
same enthusiasm and zeal during his post-retirement life. I wish him a peaceful and prosperous
The objective of the present monograph is to explore the new horizons of research in history
and culture, and hence, brings together seminal essays contributed by eminent scholars working
on different aspects of history. Scholars pertaining to various aspects of history and its sister social
sciences have contributed well researched and systematically written articles for publication in
this volume. They have tried to explore specific areas of their interest. Though the articles are not
in uniform in their content, interpretation and analysis and written from various angles, still they
throw welcome light on recent researches on various aspects of history relating to archaeology,
social transformation, women empowerment, education, maritime history, epigraphy, art,
architecture, culture, historical geography, economic structure, political processes, tribal studies,
folklore, folk dance, shakti cult, the cult of Jagannath, Buddhism, tourism, missionary activities,
Praja MandaI Movement, literature, aspects of British Odisha etc. We are extremely thankful to all
the contributors for contributing their valuable research papers on time and in a neat manner. The
views and contents of the papers are of respective scholar's own. This volume will fascinate
students, researchers, teachers, academicians and general readers alike who are interested in various
facets of history and culture of India in general and that of Odisha in particular.
We are grateful to Dr.Radhey Shyam Shukla, the publisher of the Pratibha Prakashan for
honoring our proposal to publish the volume and bringing it out within a record time in a neat
and excellent form. Sincere thanks to associate editors, who tried their best to see the volume in
the present form.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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