The main aim of this book is to show the
outstanding achievement of Panini in the field
of language and linguistics. Whereas linguistic studies started in today's Europe that is
scientific age, here we see that Panini did it
many centuries ago. The book in hand stands
apart from the rest of the world of grammars
for its unique character in the context of
Sanskrit language analysis. From the view
point of author, language is an integral part
of total human behaviour influencing and
being influenced by other norms of behaviour.
He defines the Sanskrit language both in its
structure and use. The rules of grammar are
invested with some inherent properties which
in fact are derived from the nature of language
as a system. The author succinctly defines that
the basic unit of description for Panini is sentence, which, however, is recognized as part of
a larger unit, the discourse. It is a fact that
Panini does not talk explicitly of discourse.
However. he does refer to element in neighbouring sentence if it is linguistically permits for
explication of the structure of the sentence concerned. The author views the Sanskrit language
broadly as representation of an abstract system
formulated in terms of conceptual relations,
established on rational (logical) and/or empirical considerations. Panini's linguistic categories thus corresponed to underlying conceptual
relations as far as it could be possible. The
author mentions explicity that Panini recognizes constraints of actual linguistic usage on
linguistic system. His sense of realism thus
keeps him close to the facts of the language.
To Panini language is a unified system organized
hierarchically. Various levels and sub-levels
are intimately inter-related and they inter-act
on one another. The author observes in the
book that Panini considers the total environment in which- language functions a relevant
for explication of linguistic facts. He has no
compunction in seeking explanations interms
of one another. One should not be surprised
if Panini accounts for the accent and extra
length of the final vowel in a particular sentence in terms of social classes or in reference
to the facts of the real world. His statements
are at once general and particular and unique
in virtue there of.
Dr. Yajan Veer Dahiya, (Formerly Professor
& Head Department of Dayanand Studies Chair
and Director, Institute of Sanskrit & Indological
Studies Kurakshetra University, Kurukshetra)
an eminent Sanskrit Scholar and Indologist. At
present he is a Professor and Head. Department
of Sanskrit, Pali & Prakrit and Dean. Faculty of
Humanities, M.D. University, Rohtak.
Apart from the book in hand "The Language
of the Atharva-Veda" "Sanskrit Vyakaran Ki
Ruparekha" and more than fifty research papers
are already published in leading Journals. He
is keen participant at A111ndia Oriental and
Linguistic Conferences. He is fully conversant in
Ancient and modern technique of learning.
He was editor of: PRACHI-JYOTI: Digest
of Indological Studies. Kurukshetra University,
Kurukshetra. He is double Honours i.e. Sans-
krit & English. It is an unique qualification.
He organised a National Seminar on Indology
in December, 1990, while he was a Professor &
Director 01 the Institute of Sanskrit & Indological Studies Kuruksbetra University, Kurukshetra.
He is a Local Secretary of 37th session of All
India Oriental Conference, M. D. University,
Rohtak, Haryana. At present he is engaged
in linguistic studies of Vedic language.
J have great pleasure in introducing to the world of scholars the valuable
work of Dr. Yajan Veer Dahiya : Panini as a Linguist-Ideas and Patterns which adds
new dimension to Paninian studies. Dr. Dahiya is of the firm opinion that Panini
had sentence as a unit of speech in his mind in planning his grammar. Though
not very explicit about it in his text he had for sure the system of discourse too
very much in his mind. He was, therefore, not just a grammarian, explaining the
grammar of a language through the system of the analysis of the word-units, but
a linguist explaining the structure of it. There are numerous sutra in his work
which bear it out. As a matter of fact, his whole Karaka Prakarana is an eloquent
testimony to his vision of sentence as a unit, the case being determined in an
overwhelming number of cases by the presence or absence of a particular word in
syntactical connection with the one the case of which is to be decided. This goes
even to the extent of a verb not being actually in position in spoken form but very
much present in the mind of the speaker and therefore easily inferrable :
gamyamanapi kriya karakauibhaktau prayojika.
It may not be out of place to -rnention here that even the verbs though
ostensibly standing in isolation have sentential undercurrent. Their suffixes denote
karir, karma, samkhgi; and kala, the agent, the object, the number and the period.
The verb pacati does not merely denote the act of cooking but also some one who
cooks; and that some one is in number; as also the time of the cooking, the
present in the case in point. Pacati therefore, has to be understood with reference
to all the above. It just would not do to analyse it as pac+ (sap)+ti. That would be
too narrow an approach. In the secondary verbs the sentential connection comes
to the fore more prominently. This also is the case in deciding the Atmanepada or
Parasmaipada going with a verb. Atmanepada is enjoined, for instance, to the
roots bhi and smi if there is a cause of fear : bhismyor hetubhaye. Now this hetu-
bhaya is outside of the verb but it influences the formation of it.
Dr. Yajan Veer Dahiya, an accomplished grammarian and linguist that he is,
has carried out the demanding task that he had set before himself with admirable
precision and thoroughness and has laid bare a vast treasure of information before
grammarians and linguists in divining the mind of Panini, the most enigmatic of
the analysts of speech the world has ever produced who accomplished a veritable
feat in explaining the structure of a complex language like Sanskrit with an
enormous corpus of words in a little short of four thousand aphorisms.
Dr. Dahiya's treatment brings a whiff of fresh air to Paninian studies and
consequently deserves warm welcome of connoisseurs.
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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