From the Jacket:
Prasna Marga, Part II, is an encyclopedic work on matters that affect all areas of human life. It carries the original slokas with English translation and copious notes deal exhaustively with Marriage; Childre; Causes of diseases as given in Karma Vipaka and the remedies; Matters relating to deities, rulers, war, natural calamities, when to travel and when not; Rainfall cyclones and storms and their forecasting; Digging well, details for finding underground water etc.; Theft cases; Lost horoscopes; Dreams and their interpretation as indicators for death of disease and its timings etc.
It is a most unique and important treatise on Predictive Astrology worthy of possession by all students, savants and practitioners of Astrology.
About the Author:
Dr. B.V. Raman was the renowned astrologer and author. He was the Chief Editor of The Astrological Magazine. He had number of titles to his credit. He held a string of titles such as Abhinava Varahamihira, Jyotisha Bhanu, Jyotisha Vignana Marthanda, Jyotish Ratna, Abhinava Bhaskara, Jyotisha Bhooshana etc. He was a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, London and a Member of the Royal Asiatic Society. Dr. Raman had influenced the educated public and made them astrology-conscious. His special fields of research were Hindu Astronomy, Astro-psychology, weather, political forecasts and disease-diagnosis. He was widely traveled man and addressed the elite audience almost throughout the world.
Of late interest in, the study of astrology has been
increasing not only in India but an over the world. Strangely,
a certain section of the educated public in the name of
"Scientitic outlook" continue to snipe at astrology dubbing
it as superstition. But no serious attempt has ever been made
by these critics to examine scientifically the claims of astrology.
Crores of rupees expended on the so- called scientific
evaluation of the composition of the stars and their life cycles
etc. are sheer waste of public money, unless the astronomers
and astrophysicists engage themselves in an intensive study of
the correlations between planets. the celestial bodies and life
on earth. Our ancients did not study astronomy as a venal
occupation. To them a logical corollary was to link the study-
of astronomy with our affairs. The greatest astronomers of
yore like Varahamihira were also great astrologers. They did
not waste the knowledge of the celestial sphere. on sheer
scholastic pursuits. If Indian astronomers, proficient in
western astronomy, shed their prejudices and predilections
and take a new- approach to' astrology, highly developed by
ancient savants, they will find truths full of significance to
human life and relevant to modern times.
Prasna Marga is perhaps one of the most important
treatises on predictive astrology, revealing methods peculiar
to the genius of Kerala.
The first part (Chapters I to XVI) was published in 1980 .
and the reception extended to it has been more than expected
as could be gleaned from the sale of the book - and the spate
of letters of appreciation received by me.
A tentative translation of the second part (Chapters XVII
to XXXII) was also made in 1942 along with the first part.
Revised and re-written several times, the final version of this
translation emerged in 1977.
Most of the educated persons who read the book are not
acquainted with Sanskrit. Therefore, in deference to the
wishes of such readers, the original text in Devanagari script
has been omitted. However, in due time, it will be made
available at a reasonable price, to those who ask for the text.
Copious notes have been added to explain obscure and
tough passages and wherever necessary, examples have been
given to enable aspiring students of astrology to understand
the principles clearly.
I am thankful to my daughter Mrs. Gayatri Devi Vasudev
for her assistance in the revision of the manuscript and
writing the notes, to my esteemed friend Dr. P. S. Sastri for
preparing the technical index and to Mr. G. K. Ananthram of
IBH Prakashana for coming forward to bring out this book
in an attractive form.
The first edition was published in 1985. The demand was so
great that it went out of print within a short period.
The first edition carried only the English translation with my
critical notes and illustrations without the original Sanskrit text
in Devanagari. This was because, the text on which my trans-
lation was based, secured from the Oriental Library, Madras,
was in Kannada script.
However, after the publication of the first edition, it was
possible to get the text of the Part II copied in Devanagari script
from the Oriental Library, Mysore. But this text did not contain
many important slokas given in the earlier text in Kannada script.
Therefore it involved much time to compare both the manu
scripts and make it complete.
Because of delay in getting ready the original text and because
of my former publishers having suspended their publication
business, the second edition could not be brought out earlier.
I am happy that this edition has been made complete by the
addition of the Sanskrit text.
. I am thankful to Mr. J.P. Jain of Messrs Motilal Banarsidass
for coming forward to publish the new editions of both the parts
of this great classic on astrology in an attractive form.
My English translation of the second Part of Prasna
Marga presented herewith is not literal in the sense of word
for word translation but liberal. It gives the summary of
each stanza as made out by me. It is therefore likely that in
regard to some stanzas I may not have been quite successful
in conveying the intended meanings of the original author.
One great difficulty I had to face in translating Part II
into English was the absence of an authentic original text,
printed or written, in Devanagari script.
Two versions of the original text of Part II were obtained,
one from the Oriental Library. Madras, transcribed in
Telugu script and the other, copied in Kannada script from
the Oriental Library, Mysore, each differing from the other in
regard to the wording of some slokas and the number of
slokas in a chapter. No comment aries were available and I had
to fall back on my own humble understanding and' the
assistance rendered by some Kerala friends well versed in
"With regard to part I, I had no such difficulty because of
the availability of an authentic printed edition with commenta-
ries by the great scholar Punnasseri Neelakanta Sarma. There-
fore foi any translational errors, the responsibility is solely
mine though thetranslation has been done as faithfully to the
original as possible, keeping in view that in such a work it is
the spirit of the author that matters.
In away, the second Part is-more important than the first,
as it deals with some of the most significant events bearing on
human life, such as marriage, children, occupation etc. The
peculiarity is that it throws light not only on the Prasna chart
but also embodies important and rare combinations bearing
on the birth horoscope also.
No extant classical work on astrology appears to have
gone so deeply into the subjects of marriage and marriage
compatibility; birth and death of issues, childlessness, etc., as
Some of the methods given for timing events bearing on
these matters are practical and novel offering wide scope for
The chapters on predicting rainfall, locating under-ground
water and the existence of submerged wells etc., open a new
vista of astrological knowledge which is relevant to modern
times and conditions if only our so-called men of science
could shed their prejudices and avail themselves of this
The other equally important subjects dealt with pertain
to political astrology, installation of Deities in temples and
discovering Haws after the installation.
Transits based mostly on Varahamihira's Brihat Samhita
will be of more than casual interest. The chapter on Nashta
Jataka expounds rules for casting horoscopes when birth
details are not available.
Prasna Marga appears to be the only classical text
covering thoroughly every aspect of human existence and
throwing light on remedial measures to be adopted to neutra-
lise afflictions causing different types of diseases, etc.
Now a Summary of the Book: Chapter Seventeen deals
with the question of marriage. The longevities of either party
to a match are of the utmost importance. Thereafter, the
Yivaha Prasna must be carefully read. The author refers to
various authorities such as Prasna Sangraha, Madhaveeyam,
Prasna Ratna and, of course, Brihat Jataka on various combi-
nations for happy marriages, unhappy unions, thwarted
matches, early or delayed marriages etc. Certain combinations
given also suggest early death of husband or wife or both.
All these combinations are on the chart for the time of
Chapter Eighteen takes up the topic of children, their
birth and longevity. A Santhathi Prasna or query bearing on
children is applicable to both husband and wife. The 5th
house is important in the case of a man and the 9th, for a
woman. Combinations for the birth of limited or many
issues, childlessness and for adoption of a child are given.
References are made to celebrated treatises such as Madhava's
Muhurta, Santana Deepika , Prasna Sangraha, Gnana Pradeepika
Brihat Jataka, Shatpanchasika and Vidwajjana Vallabha to
emphasize certain combinations, In some instances, Swara
Sastra is also employed to divine whether one will have issues
or not. Certain periods depending on the Moon's position in
relation to the woman's natal Moon and the benefic aspects it
receives are shown as good for sexual union to be fruitful.
Several numerical methods to determine the question of
children are also given.
Medical Astrology (47)
Original Texts (282)
Vedic Astrology (72)
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