The experiences and knowledge from our past
are recorded in manuscripts which have been
handed down to us over several thousand
years. The Government of India, through the
Department of Culture, took note of the
importance of this vast tangible heritage and, in
order to preserve and conserve as well as to
make access to this wealth easy, established the
National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM). In
order to disseminate the knowledge content of
manuscripts, the NMM has taken up several
programmes such as lectures, seminars and
workshops. NMM_ has published the
proceedings of the above-said programmes
under the following series: "Samrakshika" (on
conservation), "Tattvabodha" (comprising
lectures based on manuscripts delivered by
eminent scholars), "Samikshika" (research-
oriented papers presented in the seminars), and
"Kritibodha" (transcribed and edited texts
prepared at advanced level manuscriptology
workshops conducted by NMM).
NMM has taken up a project for publishing rare
and unpublished manuscripts in three forms:
(a) facsimile, (b) critical edition with
annotation, and (c) critical edition with
translation. This series has been named as
"Prakashika". This volume, is twenty-eighth in
the Prakashika Series.
- This book is the critical edition of Natanatari-
vyakhya, a remarkable commentary by
Bhagavadbhatta on Rasatarangini, a famous
treatise of Bhanudatta on rasa theory.
Bhagavadbhatta was a learned Sisya of
Asadharabhatta, a renowned scholar on poetics
from Gujarat. The Nitanatar7is found ina single
manuscript preserved in Oriental Institute,
Baroda. It presents Niétanatari along with
Rasatarangini text corresponding to the
commentary, an introduction and elaborate
notes. This is an attempt to introduce a versatile
but unknown scholar who lived between
eighteenth and nineteenth century in Gujarat,
and thus to throw light on the meritorious
contribution of Gujarat to Sanskrit Sastric
Dr Nina Bhavnagari did her postgraduation in
Sanskrit (Alamkdarasastra) and was awarded
M.P. Dave Gold Medal. The research project on
critical edition of Vicaradipa, a treatise on
poetics by Bhagavadbhatta earned her PhD.
She had a long academic career, and several of
‘her books have been published including
Vicaradipa with an Introduction and English
translation. She has presented many research
papers in seminars and conferences of national
level and they have appeared in reputed
journals and magazines.
Some scholars from Gujarat who contributed a few significant
works on Sastric literature are little known to the Sanskrit
world. After Hemacandracarya, and his pupils particularly,
history has taken little note of such scholars. Small issues
on Sanskrit poetics have been treated by stalwart teachers
with the purpose of introducing them to their pupils in easy
comprehensive style. ASadharabhatta was one such pandita. Rasa
theory, sabdagakti and such other topics were discussed in brief
in prakarana granthas like Kovidananda, Trivenika and Rasikananda
by him. He seems to follow the tradition of such treatises set
by Bhanudatta in his Rasatarangini. His pupils carried on the
tradition. Bhagavadbhatta was one of them.
The present work is a critical edition of Nitanatarivyakhya
written by Bhagavadbhatta on the famous treatise Rasatarangini
by Bhanudatta on rasa theory. The critical edition of
Nitanatarivyakhya is prepared by Dr Nina Bhavnagari depending
on the single codex manuscript of the work. The commentary
has not been published so far. The readers will be interested in
the vyakhya written by a Gujarati scholar, unknown up till now.
Dr Bhavnagari, with an eye for detail, has painstakingly
prepared the critical edition of this hitherto unknown
manuscript along with its English translation.
It gives me immense pleasure to present this commendable
work to the scholarly world.
Gujarat has voluminously and meritoriously contributed in
almost all the areas of Sanskrit learning and literature be it poetry,
drama, philosophy, history, grammar, linguistics or criticism.
Many scholars and literarists hailed from this region. Kapilmuni,
the great propounder of Sarikhyasitra (Siddhapur), Durgacarya,
the renowned commentator on Nirukta, Kalikalasarvajna
Hemacandracarya and his pupils, anumber of other Jaina acaryas
like Muni Punya-vijayaji, a scholar on manuscriptology, the
famous poetician and grammarian Asadharabhatta, Bhadeva
Sukla — many names are to be counted in Sastric tradition.
A few attempts have been made to record this voluminous
and meritorious contribution across centuries. The name of
Aégadharabhatta (seventeenth century) among these scholars
is quite well known to Sanskrit scholars as two of his prakarana
granthas are published. An equally erudite, learned and versatile
vandita, Bhagavadbhatta was a direct pupil of Asadharabhatta
but his name is still unknown to Sanskrit scholarly world. He
has given a couple of Sastric works. The first one is Vicaradipa, a
small technical treatise on sabdagakti, available in a single codex
manuscript preserved in Chunilal Gandhi Vidyabhavan, Surat.
It is critically edited by this editor and has been published
by Bharatiya Kala Prakashan, New Delhi (2006). The other
work of Bhagavadbhatta is a scholarly commentary named
Nuatanatarivyakhya on the famous treatise Rasatarangini, a popular
work by Bhanudatta on rasa theory. This commentary is available
in a single manuscript along with Rasataran gini text from Oriental
Research Institute, Baroda.
S.K. Deand P.V. Kane have taken note of this commentary in
their works on the history of Sanskrit poetics. An attemptis made
here to prepare the critical edition of N fitanatartvyakhya with the
text of Rasatarangini. This post-doctoral research work was taken
up by this editor as a Minor Research Project aided by University
Grants Commission (UGC). The publication of this edition would,
it is expected, throw more light on the valuable contribution of
Gujarat and would introduce the name of Bhagavadbhatta who
was hitherto unknown to the Sanskrit scholars of India, as he is
an equally learned sisya of ASadharabhatta.
Critical edition on the basis of a single codex manuscript is a
serious and painstaking job which can hardly be accomplished
without academic support from scholars. It was my revered
teacher Dr R.I. Nanavati who not only trained me in such kind
of research work but also guided and supported me at every
step. I find no words to express gratitude towards him. After
completed my critical edition on Vicaradipa and it was published,
Dr Gautam Patel suggested that I should continue my work with
Nitanatari also. I take the opportunity to offer my regards to
Gautambhai. Late Dr M.L. Wadekar, the officiating director of
Oriental Institute, Baroda helped me avail the digital copy of the
manuscript. I remember him with hearty thanks at the moment.
I am gratified towards the authorities of UGC for their grants
to prepare this critical edition under Minor Research Project.
Dr B.K. Bhatt and Dr M.S. Padvi (both as principal of M.T.B. Arts
College, Surat) encouraged and provided me library facilities. I
express my gratitude to them also. Dr Punita Patel, my research
student, has put her sincere and strenuous efforts in preparing
computerized copy of this work. It will be ungrateful not to
mention her name. Purna, my younger sister, has helped me
in preparing appendices, it will be hurting if I thank her and it
will be a crime not to accept her support. I express my sincere
thanks to all those friends who have directly or indirectly helped
me in completing this laborious task. National Mission for
Manuscripts accepted my proposal to get this work published.
I am highly gratified towards the authorities of the Mission. I
hope, this book will prove instructive, and interesting to the
scholars of Manuscriptology.
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