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A Concise Introduction to Indian Medicine: (La Medecine indienne)

A Concise Introduction to Indian Medicine: (La Medecine indienne)
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Introduction The coexistence of western medicine and so- called 'traditional' systems of medicine is a all health systems outside Europe. In Asia, traditional systems of medicine often cover more than 80 per cent of health requirements. India, the land of spices and the cradle of Yoga, is also one of the regions of the world where, for from disappearing in the face of the success of modern medicine introduced by Europeans these systems and popular forms transmitted orally. All of them evoke a g...
Introduction
The coexistence of western medicine and so- called 'traditional' systems of medicine is a all health systems outside Europe. In Asia, traditional systems of medicine often cover more than 80 per cent of health requirements. India, the land of spices and the cradle of Yoga, is also one of the regions of the world where, for from disappearing in the face of the success of modern medicine introduced by Europeans these systems and popular forms transmitted orally. All of them evoke a growing interest among Western anthropologists, physicians and pharmacologists.

The most widespread of these systems, and the most famous is Ayurveda, the science (veda) of longevity (ayur), an ancient medical system whose main theories were already fixed more than two thousand years ago. As we know from the oldest texts which have come down to us, Ayurveda is first and foremost remarkable for its scientific purpose. It may be described as based on reasoned observation, and offers a rudimentary but rational system of interpretation of the constitution of the body, its vital functions and diseases, according to a holistic approach to man that includes all somatic and psychine symptoms.

In the Western world, Ayurveda was unknown for a very long time outside a few specialist circles. It is only during the last ten of fifteen years that some ayurvedic practices (or what are so described) have begun to spread in America and Europe, especially in Germany, Italy and France. Unfortunately, this popularsation has not always been accompanied until now by a critical reflection on the authenticity safety and efficacy of practices whose antiquity and efficacy tend too often to be exaggerated by the western press.

In this little book I have endeavoured to present an overall view of the traditional medicine of India from its origins until the present day describing in turn its history its theoretical foundations its methods of prevention and treatment the medical profession and lastly its present status and future prospects.

From the Jacket

This is an ideal and brilliant book for readers wanting to know more about the Ayurveda and the other system of traditional medicine firmly in its historical context, and provides a reliable and unbiased survey. Topics covered include: the origin and development of Indian medicine its place in modern India and the world and the theoretical and practical aspects of actual medical diagnosis prognosis and therapy. Mazars book takes account of the best of contemporary scholarship, and presents the results in a concise and easily understood format.

Dr. Guy Mazars, the former Secretary General of the European Centre of the history of Medicine, is Head of the Group for research in ethnomedicine at the University of Strasbourg (France), and is President of the European Society of Ethnopharma -cology. The author received his Ph.D. in Indian Civilisation from the University of Strasbourg in 1976. A pupil of the French indologist Jean Filliozat (1906-1982), he has been studying Indian Traditional Medicine and Pharmacopoeia for over 25 years and has published numerous papers on the history of Ayurveda and the study of Indian medicinal plants.

Contents
Forewordvii
Note on the transcriptionix
Introductionxi
CHAPTER 1
Indian Medicine across the Centuries1-24
IFrom the Origins to the Birth of Ayurveda
IIThe Period of the Great Medical Corpuses
IIIThe Development of Ayurveda
IVSiddha Medicine and Greco-Arab Medicine
VThe Spread of Ayurveda
VIWestern Medicine and Indian Medicine
VIIThe Revival of Traditional Medicines
CHAPTER 2
The conceptual Foundations of Indian Medicine25-46
IPhilosophical Foundations of Ayurveda
IIKnowledge of Anatomy
IIIRepresentations of the Vital Functions
IVPsychological Conceptions
VDiseases and Pathology
VIDiagnosis and Prognosis
CHAPTER 3
Preventive Medicine47-60
IHygiene and Life Style
IIYoga and Remedial Gymnastics
IIIFood and Dietetics
IVTonics and Aphrodisiacs
VThe Preventive Application of Massages
CHAPTER 4
Therapeutic Methods 61-80
IThe "Pancakarman" Therapy
IIDrugs of Natural Origin
III Surgical Treatments
IVPsychiatric Treatments
VChemical Therapy
VIDiet
VIIPopular Practices
VIIIVeterinary Medicine
CHAPTER 5
The Medical Profession81-94
IThe Medical Establishment
IIMedical Education
IIIAyurvedic Ethics
IVThe Physician in traditional Indian Society
VModern Day Training of the Traditional Physician
CHAPTER 6
Indian Medicine and Scientific Research95-106
IResearch in Indian Medicine
IIRemedies still in Current Use
IIIThe Indian Pharmaceutical Industry
IVExploration and Development of the Traditional Pharmacopoeia
VThe Future of the Traditional Medicines of India
Conclusion107-108
Chronology109-110
Bibliography111-115
Item Code: IDI065 Author: Guy Mazars Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2006 Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN: 812083058X Size: 6.3"X 9.7" Pages: 127
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