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A Fiery Patriot Speaks

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About the Author Surender Nath Jauhar : Born August 13, 1903 at village Vahalee, Distt. Jhelum (now in Pakistan), resident of sri aurobindo Asharm, New Delhi. Education at D.A.V. college and National college, Lahore ; member D.C.C. (1939); member P.C.C. (1934-47): took part in the civil Disobedience movement (1930) and the quiet India Movement (1942) ; defied martial Law Regulations (1919) and suffered beatings and forced marches under the British sergeants. In 1930, organised boyco...

About the Author

Surender Nath Jauhar : Born August 13, 1903 at village Vahalee, Distt. Jhelum (now in Pakistan), resident of sri aurobindo Asharm, New Delhi. Education at D.A.V. college and National college, Lahore ; member D.C.C. (1939); member P.C.C. (1934-47): took part in the civil Disobedience movement (1930) and the quiet India Movement (1942) ; defied martial Law Regulations (1919) and suffered beatings and forced marches under the British sergeants. In 1930, organised boycott of foreign cloth throughout the “Katras” of Chandani chowk ; November 14, 1930 read the congress Independence Day Resolution at the clock tower ; arrested and tried for six different counts; sentenced to nine months’R. 1. And six months’ R. 1. In the Central jail Multan ; tortured in jail and released in 1931 on account of Gandhi –Irwin Pact; in 1942 ; went underground and worked with shrimati Aruna Asaf Ali and shri Jugal Kishore Khanna; arrested on September 17,, 1942 after fierce fighting at the point of pistol; dragged along with his wife in Connaught circus followed by thousands of people; in the scuffle, the Magistrate on duty ordered to shoot him dead, escaped providentially ; tried under various counts for about two years and acquitted on May 6, 1944.

Foreword

Someone very wisely said, “those who have a ‘why ‘ to lie for can bear any ‘how’.” Perhaps that is why surrendera Nath Jauhar could make light of his jail sentences and the tortures in jail – and enjoy jail life.

In his reply dated 10.4.1973 to a letter from shri K.c. pant , the then Minister of state in the Home Ministry about grant of ‘Political suffering’s s pension’ , he had this to say ;

“I do no t wish to be called a ‘political sufferer'. to struggle and fight for the Motherland was an absolute joy and not a suffering in any manner. And it was never done for… reward.”

When the Country became free and a fight for political a freedom was no longer needed , the valiant Jauhar , in answer to a higher call, Jumped into the ‘fire’ of world – transforming Yoga lit by sri Aurobindo . He gave his all to the cause of the Aurobindonian thrust in education, life and yoga . As Prof. K.R. Srinivasa Iyenger said in his homage, “ Chacha ji was a man of god , but thrown among frail human beings to raise them to the extent possible to his own level of consecration.”

This Interview is a gripping account of a life richly lived, in service – service of the Motherland , of society , of the Divine . And ‘service’ in the truest and highest sense of the word.

We are grateful to Dr. Hari Dev Sharma for this document of historical importance – he had recorded the interview on 29.4.1970 for the Nehru Memorial Museums and Library.

Contents

1. Early Life, Education in Lahore 1
2. Joins the National Movement as a student 2
  16 - year - Old Defies Martial law! 5
3. The "fire" of Patriotism Grows 6
4. In Nationalist Mainstream in Delhi 9
  Active as a young Volunteer 9
  Types 1,000 Copies in one Night! 16
  Arya Kumar Sabha and congress Tireless work for and political Causes 17
  Leadings Role in Organising Boycott of foreign cloth 26
  The Dramatic reading of the "Pledge for Independence" 29
  To Multan Jail as a Convict 33
5. Flashback to 1947-27 : Swami shraddhanand's Assassination 35
6. Life in Multan Jail 40
  Tortures in Jail - Handcuffs, Bar-fetters, Solitary Cell , Tiktikki 42
  A Unique Convict- the Debates, the toilet cleaning, he Pranks! 46
7. 1921-1940: an Overview of Nationalistic Activities 50
  1932 Non-cooperation Movement - wife goes to jail…. 57
8. After 1940: Growth of the Aurobindonian "fire" 61
  Cripps Mission - takes sri aurobindo's Emissary to congress Leaders 63
9. Flashback to 1934: In Charge of the Election Campaign 65
10. Fiery Role in the "Quiet India" Movement of 1942 66
  The Daring encounters with the Police 68
  An Under-trial Prisoner -chooses truth to self- defences! 73
  Sri Aurobindo's advice; "take advantages of the discrepancies in the Police Case." 77
11. Not Interested in "power Politics" spiritual" fire Grows 79
  The "Pakistan" Puzzle 79
  Flashback - Gandhiji's Assassination 81
  From "fire" to stronger "Fire"! 82
12. Appendix - The acquittal of s. N. Jauhar  
  Case No. 1320/3 of 26-9-1942 86
13. Activities in sri aurobindo Ashram campus 100
14. Special Days and Important ashram activities 104

 

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Item Code: NAJ191 Author: Surendra Nath Jauhar "Faquir" Cover: Paperback Edition: 2011 Publisher: Sri Aurobindo Ashram ISBN: 8188847437 Language: English Size: 8.5 inch X 5.5 inch Pages: 113 Other Details: Weight of the Book: 145 gms
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