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KIRATA-JANA-KRTI: THE INDO-MONGOLOIDS THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA.

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FOREWORD: THE CIVILIZATION of India is the joint creation of her diverse peoples, Aryan, Dravidian, Austric (Kol) and Mongoloid. The Aryan bases have always received the greatest attention, and rightly so. A study of the Dravidian heritage has now been taken up with increased interest since beginnings in this direction were made by Caldwell over a century ago. The Austric elements too are now being investigated, and we are realizing its importance. The Mongoloid contribution has not yet b...

FOREWORD:

THE CIVILIZATION of India is the joint creation of her diverse peoples, Aryan, Dravidian, Austric (Kol) and Mongoloid. The Aryan bases have always received the greatest attention, and rightly so. A study of the Dravidian heritage has now been taken up with increased interest since beginnings in this direction were made by Caldwell over a century ago. The Austric elements too are now being investigated, and we are realizing its importance. The Mongoloid contribution has not yet been seriously studied as an element in Indian history and civilization. In the present monograph, an attempt has been made to full up the lacuna, in part indeed, while giving a general idea of this lacuna.

In November 1947 at the invitation of the Education Department of the Government of Assam, I give, under the auspices of the Asama Sahitya Sabha of Jorhat, three lectures on the Indo-Mongoloid Contribution to Assamese History and Culture. They were delivered in the hall of the Jagannath Barua College at Jorhat in Assam, on the 21st, 22nd and 23rd November of 1947.

These three lectures formed the nucleus of the present work. It is, however, quite a new monograph which has been entirely re-written and very largely augmented with more detailed treatment of the subject, in its various aspects not covered by the three discourses as originally delivered in the form of talks.
These Lectures, covering about a fourth of the present work, were the Pratibha Devi Lectures for 1947, founded at the instance of the late Sarat Chandra Goswami, distinguished literary man of Assam, whose daughter Pratibha Devi, a highly gifted and cultured lady, died at the young age of 21 in 1932, leaving her bereaved husband, Sri Umakanta Goswami, M.A., B.L. (who was then Professor at Cotton College, Gauhati, and is now Director of Public Instruction, Assam) and one son and one daughter and her aged father. The present writer takes the occasion to place on record his feeling of respect for the memory of Pratibha Devi : the three lectures, in honour of one who represented during her short span of life the best traditions of Indian womanhood, enabled him to present his views before the public for the first time, although only on some particular aspects of the question.

The author expresses his grateful thanks to Sri Krishan Kanta Handiqui, his old satirtha during his student days in England in 1919-1921 and his very king host during his stay at Jorhat: to Sri Kuladhar Chaliha, M.P., Sri Nilmani Phookan, Sri Gunagobinda Datta, Sri Dimbeswar Neog and other friends in Jorhat ; and to Professor Prabodh Chandra Sanyal, then Director of Public Instruction, Assam, for many kindnesses received from them. He also offers his respectful thanks to Sir Jadunath Sarkar for kindly writing an appreciation of this monograph.

'Sudharama'
16 Hindusthan Park,
Calcutta,
November 26, 1950.

 

SUNITI KUMAR CHATTERJI

 

CONTENTS

 

1. India as a meeting Place of Races, Languages and Cultures 1
2. The Many Racial and Linguistic Elements behind the Unity of India 2
3. 'Unity in Diversity' -the Basic Character of Indian Culture as a Composite 3
4. Formation of an Indian People with its Sanskrit or Sanskrit or Culture 4
5. Progressive 'Sanskritisation' of the Various Elements in India 4
6. The Austric and Dravidian Elements : Restricted Area and Influence of the Mongoloid Element 5
7. Resume of the Racial Elements in India 6
8. The Negritos or Negritos 7
9. The Proto-Australoids : Austric Peoples 7
10. The Ancient Austrics of India : Nisadas (Nishadas), Sabaras, Pulindas, Bhillas, Kollas 9
11. The Dravidian Speakers : Dasa-Dasyu : their Contribution 9
12. The Western Brachycephals 10
13. The Aryan-speaking Nordics : their Advent into India 11
14. The Ancient Hindu Civilization a joint Creation of the Austrics, the Dravidians and the Aryans, and later the Mongoloids 12
15. The Distribution of the Four Peoples, Nisada, Dramida (Dravida), Arya and Kirata : and Importance of the Aryan-speakers as Herrenvolk 14
16. The Mongoloid Element in Himalayan and North-eastern India 15
17. Study of the non-Aryan (Austric and Dravidian) Elements in Indian Civilization 16
18. Study of the Mongoloid Contribution so far neglected : Reasons for this Neglect 18
19. The Mongoloid Tribes in India 20
20. Sino-Tibetan Mongoloid Expansion 21
21. The Sino-Tibetan Speeches 22
22. Tabular Representation of the Sino-Tibetan Languages 24
23. The Mongoloids in Ancient India : the Kiratas 26
24. The Kiratas in Vedic Literature 27
25. The Meanings of the word Kirata, and New Indo-Aryan Words connected with it 28
26. The Kiratas in the mahabharata and other Ancient Works 30
27. Reconstruction of the Early Mongoloid (Karata) Movements in India 36
28. Indo-Mongoloid as a proposed Equivalent of Kirata 37
29. Kol or Austric Influence on Sino-Tibetan 38
30. The Licchavis of North Bihar, and the Indo-Mongoloids in Vedeha 40
31. Indo-Mongoloid Tribes : the Himalayan Group : the Newars : the Ancient Kuninda People 40
32. The Bod (=Bhota) or Tibetans 43
33. The North Assam Tribes of Indo-Mongoloids 44
34. The Bodos (Baras) 45
35. The Nagas 47
36. The Kuki-Chins 48
37. Other Indo-Mongoloids of Assam 49
38. The Austric-Speaking Khasis 50
39. The Ahom (Aham, Asam) People of the Siamese-Chinese Group 51
40. Indo-Mongoloid Fusion in the Indian Body-politic Still continuing -in Nepal, in Assam and in North and East Bengal 52
41. Nature of Indo-Mongoloid Participation in Hindu Culture 53
42. The Mongoloid 'Character' : and the Achievement of the Indo-Mongoloids 54
43. Some outstanding Characteristics of Mongoloid (Tibeto-Burman) Culture (According to W. C. Smith) 57
44. The Early Mongoloids and Hindu History and Culture : Some Ancient Points of Contact 58
45. The Indo-Mongoloids in Nepal : the name 'Nepal' (Nepala) 63
46. Early Dynasties of Nepal : the Gopala or Abhira Kings : the Kirata Kings with non-Aryan Names 65
47. The Soma-vamsi and Surya-vamsi (Licchavi)Kings of Nepal, form Bihar : Amsu-varman 66
48. Nepal in the 8th-9th Centuries : Tibeto-Nepalese Relations 68
49. The Thakuri Kings of Nepal, 9th-12th Centuries : Nepal becomes culturally an integral part of India 69
50. The Karnataka Kings : their Cultural Contribution 70
51. The Malla Kings of Nepa, to 1768 A.D. 71
52. The Brahmanical Malla Kings of Dullu and Juimla in West Nepal, 13th-17th centuries  
53. Newari Literature 73
54. Literatures in the other Tibeto-Burman speeches of Nepal 78
55. Newar Culture, particularly under the Mallas 79
56. The Gorkhas in Nepal : Gorkha Valour and Military Virtues 83
57. The Indo-Mongoloids in Assam and Bengal : Linguistic Influences 84
58. Early Contact between Assam and North India 86
59. Pre-Aryan (Indo-Mongoloid) Toponomy in Assam : 'Lauhitya, Brahama-putra,' etc. 88
60. Bhaskara-varman of Kamarupa : the glory of his Reign 90
61. Bhaskara-varman and China : the Tao-the-king of Lao-tzu 92
62. Bhaskara-varman's Presents to Harsha-vardhana 95
63. The 'Mleccha' Dynasty of Sala-stambha in Assam 97
64. The Dynasty of Pralambha 97
65. the Kamarupa Palas : Brahama-pala, his queen Kuladevi : Ratna-pala 98
66. Timgya-deva, c. 1100 A.D. ;Vaidya-deva and Budha-deva ; the Lunar Dynasty Kings 99
67. The Turki Invasion of Kamarupa 100
68. The Coming of the Ahoms : the names 'Asam, Asam, Asama, Assam', 101
69. Ahom vs. Bodo in Assam 102
70. The early Ahom Kings 104
71. Hinduisation of the Ahoms : Ahom Gods and Goddesses and Hindu Equivalents 105
72. The Later Ahom Kings : Highest Glory of the Ahoms in the 17th and 18th Centuries : Kings Gadadhar Simha (su-pat-pha), 1681-1696, and Rudra Shimha (Su-Khrung-pha) 1696-1714 106
73. The Achievement of the Ahoms 110
74. The Koch Empire of the 16th century ; Early History of the Bodo-Koch Tribe 111
75. King Danuja-mardana-deva : an Early Koch Prince ? 115
76. Legends on the Coins of the Independent Hindu (Indo-Mongoloid ) Kings of Eastern India, form 1400 A.D. 116
77. The Greatest Period of Koch History: Visva-Simha, Nara-narayana Simha, and Sukla-dhvaja or Cila-Ray, 16th Century 118
78. The Garos 121
79. The Chutiyas of East Assam 121
80. The Dima-sa or Kacharis 122
81. The indo-Mongoloids in Sylhet 126
82. Islam and the Indo-Mongoloids of North and East Bengal 127
83. The Southern Bodos : The old Kingdom of Pattikera (Comilla) 128
84. The Tipras, and the Tripura (Tippera)Kingdom 130
85. King Dhanya-manikya of Tripura 133
86. King Vijaya-manikya of Tripura (1529-1570) 134
87. The Later Tripura Kings : Decay of Tripura Power 135
88. Religion among the Tipras 135
89. Tripura Achievement 138
90. Sanskrit and other Texts, and Pre-Hindu Indo-Mongoloid Religion 139
91. The Backward Indo-Mongoloids : the North Assam Tribes, Nagas, Mikirs 140
92. The Kuki-Chins 141
93. The Meitheis or Manipuris 142
94. A 'Manipura-Purana': Early Manipuri Myths and Legendary History 144
95. Later Manipur History : the Story of Khamba and Thoibi 151
96. Manipur History after the 15th Century : Chaitanya Vaishnavism in Manipur 152
97. The Culture of Manipur 155
98. Manipuri (Meithei) Literature 157
99. The Khasis and Syntengs : ' Synteng=Jayanta, Jaintia': the Old Hindu Kingdom of Jayanta-pura 166
100. Khasi Literature 170
101. The Early Indo-Mongoloid Kings of Chittagong and Arakan 174
102. The Kirata World Beyond India 178
103. Indo-Mongoloid Literature 179
104. Conclusion 183
105. 'Kiratavadna-Namani' : An Indo-Mongoloid Roll of Honour 184

 

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Item Code: IDG567 Author: SUNITI KUMAR CHATTERJI Cover: Hardcover Edition: 2018 Publisher: The Asiatic Society ISBN: 9789381574157 Language: English Size: 8.6" X 5.6" Pages: 209
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