The root of treatment has four trunks (from left to right): advice on diet, advice on conduct, prescribing medicine, and performing external therapies.
Advice on diet has branches for rlung, makbris-pa, and bad-kan. The nature of rlung is light and rough; an imbalance is counteracted by recommending oily and nutritious food such as molasses, butter, garlic, onion, meat milk, mustard oil for cooking, soup, and alcohol in moderation. The nature of mkbris-pa is hot and sharp; an imbalance is counteracted by recommending cool and light foods such as cow and goat milk, younger and buttermilk, goat meat, vegetables, nongreasy foods, and water. The nature of bad-kan is cold; an imbalance is counteracted by recommending a warming diet of lamb, yak meat, honey barley, hot water, dri's (female yak) milk curd, and buttermilk.
Advice on conduct: A rlung patient medicine with sweet, sour, salty, heavy, and smooth taste and potency is prescribed. For a mkbris-pa Patient medicine with sweet, bitter astringent, cool, and blunt taste and potency is prescribed. For a bad-kan patient medicine with hot, sour, astringent, sharp, coarse, and light taste and potency is prescribed.
Performing external therapies: For a rlung patient therapies include mild enemas, massages, or hot oil compresses on the various point of rlung -The sternum, crown of the head, palms and the soles of the feet. For a mkbris-pa patient the doctor might perform mild purgative therapies, cooling therapies such as placing the patient beneath a waterfall, or bloodletting at various point of the body. For a bad-kan patient the doctor might induce vomiting or perform moxibustion.
This is only a brief explanation of treatment methods; in fact there are ninety-eight different methods f treatment for imbalances in the three nyes-pas. If the physician applies full concentration and effort he will be able to pull the patient safely from the swamp of illness.