To the common eye, Ardhanarishvara is an androgynous form comprising half of male and half of female the biological unity of the outward duality. The Vedic seers saw it as the unity of aprana and saprana matter and life, which they called the Golden Egg, wherein two merged into oneness, and the one split to become more. Thus, the Vedic seers saw Ardhanarishvara as the cosmic seed, which comprised both, the pistil and the anther, pita and mata father and mother, bhuta and prana matter and spirit, and prakriti and purusha outward nature and enlivening spirit, and propounded the metaphysics of procreation. They asserted that the single one could not effect creation, and so the two, unless they merged into inseparable oneness. The creation might only be effected when the fusion was absolute not only of the male and female but also of their act, which the seers identified as copulation, for in copulation alone, the maleness and the femaleness of the agents vanished.
Ardhanarishvara form is sometimes interpreted as combining half male, who is Shiva, and half female, who is Parvati. Such interpretation suggests dvaita, duality of existence, a proposition unacceptable to both, Shaivism and Vedanta. According to Shaivism, it is one Shiva, who wished to split into many and thus the cosmos came into being. The Vedas saw existence as monogenic, and the male being as much female, as the female as much male. The Vedas perceived maleness and femaleness as attributes contained in one frame. Several myths, contained in various Puranas, too, suggest that Shiva, being Ardhanarishvara one who had inherent in him the male and female aspects, split himself and thus caused the creation.
Whatever the metaphysical position, traditions of faith perceive Ardhanarishvara as the form combining Shiva and Parvati, and as the most sacred and auspicious of all divine forms. Arts, by and large, adhere to what the traditions of faith pursue. Otherwise also, femaleness as a personality-aspect could not be a theme of formal arts. Hence, arts, barring a few exceptions, render the left half of the Ardhanarishvara image pursuing Parvati's iconography, while the right, of Shiva's. Shiva, as Ardhanarishvara, is in absolute union with Parvati; hence, love is the essence of his being and saumya placidity or lalita beauty, his roop appearance. This Ardhanarishvara image is exceptional in its saumya-roop. The entire figure is in a posture of dance. But for a goad, it does not carry any weapons. Snakes, which are an integral part of his iconography, are missing, and so his garland of skulls and other attributes that are ferocious. In absolute ease his lower right arm appears to be placed on his Nandi. In the statue, two forms united, not to reveal distinction but rather to dilute it completely.
This description by Prof. P.C. Jain and Dr Daljeet. Prof. Jain specializes on the aesthetics of ancient Indian literature. Dr Daljeet is the chief curator of the Visual Arts Gallery at the National Museum of India, New Delhi. They have both collaborated on numerous books on Indian art and culture.
Post a Comment
Based on your browsing history
Loading... Please wait
Items Related to Ardhanarishvara (Shiva-Shakti) (Hindu | Sculptures)
Exotic India has the best selection of Hindu/Buddhist Gods and Goddesses in sculptures and books of anywhere I know.
I received my package today. My compliments for your prompt delivery. The skirts I ordered are absolutely beautiful! Excellent tailoring and the fit is great. I will be ordering from you again. Best Regards.
I’ve received the package 2 days ago. The painting is as beautiful as I whished!
I’m very interesting in history, art and culture of India and I’m studing his civilization; so I’ve visited Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Kerala in theese years.
I’m a draftwoman , so I like collect works of extraordinary arts and crafts of villages, that must be protected and helped.
In a short time I’ll buy some others folk painting, as Madhubani , Kalamkari and – if it’s possible – Phad.
In the meanwhile, I’m very happy to have in my home a work of your great artist.
I must compliment you on timely delivery for this order. I was very impressed.
Consequently, I have just placed another large order of beads and look forward to receiving these on time as well.
Bonjour, je viens de recevoir ma statue tête de Bouddha en cuivre. elle est magnifique et correspond exactement à la photo. Emballage très épais et protecteur, arrivé intact. Délai de livraison de 8 jours, parfait. Votre service commercial est très réactif et courtois. Je suis donc très satisfait et je tiens à le dire. Merci.
I was thrilled with the Tribal Treasure Box.
Your customer service is outstanding.
Shopping with you is like being back in India.
I feel so blessed. Thank you for your wonderful service.
I appreciate your wonderful service to the yoga community. The Kali Dance of Victory statue and Lord Ganesha Granting Abhaya statue together will go toward a fundraiser for Yoga Life Society's Peace Sanctuary known as Sanctuary of Universal Light.
We LOVE Exotic India!!!!
Jay Jay Sita Ram!!!
राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम राम