It is now being increasingly recognized that ancient Sanskrit Literature contains profound wisdom of
physical and social sciences. The scientific knowledge base presented by our Rishis and perceptive
thinkers covers a wide canvas of subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Astronomy,
Metallurgy, Bio-Technology and Environmental Science etc.
Unfortunately, due to a very long period of intellectual domination of the forces from
outside the region, we have lost our awareness about the profound contributions made by our ancestors
that are hidden in the vast Sanskrit literature. Our continued apathy towards Sanskrit language over the
recent centuries has also contributed to our lack of awareness about rich scientific heritage. Our
ignorance about the richness of our heritage has made us to lose our sense of pride for what is ours. As
a result of all this, our sense of confidence in our own capabilities has also been shaken.
Knowledge of Sanskrit and perceptive analysis of contents of our ancient Sanskrit literature
would be of great help in getting a good insight into our rich scientific heritage. It is the responsibility
of Sanskrit institutions to arouse the interests of the modern world in Sanskrit by unraveling the
profound scientific wisdom that is contained in the Sanskrit literature and by demonstrating its
relevance to the modern world. It is only when a link between the Sanskrit world and the modern world
is established that the acceptability of Sanskrit as a relevant subject for dealing with the contemporary
challenges of life would be enhanced. It is with this object in view that the Rashtriya Sanskrit
Vidyapeetha, Tirupati, launched a series of publication of small book-lets which cover wide convass of
subjects such as Physics, Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy and Ayurveda etc. for the enlightenment of
younger generations of India.
Prof. S. Balachandra Rao, who is profound scholar of Astronomy and Mathematics has
prepared this booklet with his vast experience of teaching of Astronomy and conducting the seminars
and workshops related to the subject. I congratulate him for preparing such a wonderful booklet.
I hope that this booklet would be found useful by students and scholars alike and inspire many
students of Astronomy.
Back of the Book
All the regions of human society beyond geographical limitations accept that Sanskrit is the main spring
of a grand series of scientific disciplines in the ancient world and in the Indian penisular. The disciplines
like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Metallurgy, Meteorology, Management etc., have their
clean traces back in the ancient Sanskrit literature. Hence emerged the new branch “Sanskrit – Science”
with millennia’s strength as a result of the uncessant efforts of modern knowledge seekers all over the
Knowledge of Sanskrit and perceptive analysis of scientific knowledge base presented by our
Rishis and perceptive thinkers would be of great help in getting a good insight into our rich scientific
It is the responsibility of our institutions to arouse the interest of younger generations in
Sanskrit by unraveling the profound scientific wisdom that is contained in the Sanskrit literature by
demonstrating its glory and relevance to the modern world.
It is with this objective in view the Sanskrit-Science Study Centre of Rashtriya Sanskrit
Vidyapeetha has taken initiative to launch a series of publication of small booklets which would cover a
wide canvass of foresaid disciplines of Sanskrit-science.
We feel immensely happy and proud to present this small booklet entitled Aryabhata-I and His
Astronomy to the young readers who have a longing to have a glimpse of the wisdom of ancient
There is a general belief that contribution of ancient India is limited to the field of humanities
particularly that of religion and philosophy. Of course, no other civilization can claim superiority over
what India has achieved in that area. Still if we go through the pages of this small book let, we will
realize that in the area of Astronomy India’s contribution was amazing. Now India has already lost much
of its ancient lore due to the impact of foreign invasion. What remains also is largely unknown as most
of it is in Sanskrit. Hence, we feel that there is an urgent need to save the remaining knowledge and build
up awareness in all concerned especially among younger generations who are not aware of our ancient
scientific heritage contained in Sanskrit.
Shouldering this responsibility i.e. creating the interests among the younger generations in
Sanskrit by unravelling the profound scientific wisdom that is contained in the Sanskrit literature and
demonstrating its relevance to the modern world, Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha took the initiative of
organizing the Sanskrit science exhibitions, publishing and propogating the Scientific literature of
Sanskrit through out India.
I should mention at the out set that the inspiration to publish such booklets came from our
Hon’ble Chancellor Dr. V.R. Panchamukhi, Economist of International fame, and versatile scholar in
I would like to express my sincere thanks to Prof. S. Balachandra Rao for preparing this
If this small booklet kindles a tiny flame of desire in the hearts of young readers for studying
the Sanskrit, the store house of past glory of India., we feel we would have been rewarded for our
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