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Books > Hindu > Puranas > Brahma Purana > ब्रह्माण्ड महापुराणम्: The Brahmanda Purana (Horizontal Edition): Sanskrit Only
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ब्रह्माण्ड महापुराणम्: The Brahmanda Purana (Horizontal Edition): Sanskrit Only
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ब्रह्माण्ड महापुराणम्: The Brahmanda Purana (Horizontal Edition): Sanskrit Only
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CONTENTS

 

 
1. PURVA-BHAGA
 
Chapter    
1. Purananukramanika: Invocation - Descent of Puranic lore-Arrival of the purana reciter Romaharshana at Kurukshetra-The sages assembled request him to recite to the Brahmanda Purana-Romaharshana sets out the nature and contents of the Purana. 1a
2. Naimishakhyana-kathanakam: Legend of the Naimisha region, indicating its etymology-Story of King Pururavas and his destruction at the hands of the sages, for his attempt to seize the golden altar at the 12-year sacrifice at Naimisha-His son Ayus succeeds Pururavas and conciliates the sages. 5a
3. Hiranyagarbhotpatti-varnanam: Creation of the Universe-Emergence of the Cosmic Egg out of the cosmic waters. 6a
4. Lokakalpanam: Constitution of and stages in the life of the Cosmic Egg-The qualities of sattva, rajas and tamas and their being the nature of Vishnu and other gods-Description of the Kalpa (the great aeon) 7a
5. Lokakalpanam: Creation-The great Boar incarnation of Vishnu lifting up the earth-Primary and Secondary Creation-Creation of gods, sages and others, and their dissolution. 7b
6. Kalpa-Manvantarakhyanam: Kalpa and Manvantaras-The occurrence therein of gods, sages and manes. 11a
7. Lokajnana-varnanam Chaturasramavibhagascha: Division of the earth-The four yugas (aeons) Krta, Treta, Dvapara and Kali-Geography of the earth Occurrence of flora and fauna etc.-The four castes and their duties and stages in life. 13a
8. Manasa-srshti-varnanam Devadisrshtikathanam cha: Mind-born sons of God Brahma-Creation of gods, sages, manes and men. 17b
9. Rudraprasava-varnanam Manvantaravarnanam cha: Creation by Brahma of Rudra and others, and, later, of the sages Bhrgu, Angiras and again of Manu-Descent of men from Manu and the creation of bhutas, pisachas etc. by Rudra. 19b
10. Mahadevavibhuti-varnanam: Creation of Rudra-Birth of Nilalohita-His eight names and eight forms. 21b
11. Rshisarga-varnanam: Creation of the sages Bhrgu, Angiras, Marichi, Pulastya etc. 23b
12. Agnivamsa-varnanam: Creation of Agni-His progeny and ten different Fires. 24b
13. Kala-sadbhava-varnanam Dakshasapa-varnanam cha: Creation of the seasons-Seasons as manes-Prajapati Daksha and his progeny-Daksha’s sacrifice, at which Siva, who was married to Daksha’s daughter Sati, was not invited-Self-immolation of Sati-Mutual curse of Daksha and Siva-Sages and their progeny. 26b
14. Svayambhuva-Priyavrata-vamsanukirttanam: King Priya-vrata and his dynasty. 29b
15. Prthivyayamavistarah: Description of Jambudvipa, its divisions, countries, mountains, etc.  
16. Bharata-varnanam: Description of Bharata (India)-Its divisions, inhabitants, mountains, rivers etc. 33b
17. Kimpurushadivarsha-varnanam: Description of other continents such as Kimpurusha, Hari, Ilavrta etc., with details. 35a
18. Jambudvipa-varnanam: Ganga and its origin from Kailasa in Jambudvipa-Its flow in the four directions. 36a
19. Plakshadvipa-varnanam: Description of Plaksha and other island-continents, Salmali, Kusa, Krauncha, Saka and Pushkara. 38a
20 Adholoka-varnanam: Description of the seven nether regions occupied by Nagas, Rakshasas etc. 42b
 
Puranic astronomy
 
21. Adityavyuha-varnanam: The astronomical situation of the Earth-Sun and moon and their movements- Divisions of time-Motion of the celestial bodes. 44a
22. Devagrahanukirttanam: Motion of the Stars and Planets-Formation of clouds-The Solar car. 48b
23. Dhruvacharyyakirttanam: Occupation by different gods etc. of the months of the six seasons-The Lunar car-Celestial bodies revolving round the Pole star. 50a
24. Jyotisham sannivesanam: Sun and moon-Sun being the source of light for other luminaries and the cause for the seasons, the growth of vegetation, etc. 56b
25. Nilakanthanamotpatti-kathanam: Legend of Siva becoming blue-necked by swallowing the poison that emerged at the churning of the milky ocean by gods and demons. 56b
26. Lingotpatti-kathanam: Radiant Linga idol of Siva and the eulogy of Siva by Vishnu. 59b
27. Daruvana-pravesah bhasmasnana-vidhis cha: Siva wandering naked and smeared with ash in the Daru forest inhabited by sages who curse him-But when they recognize him, they install his idol and eulogise him-Siva instructing the sages on the efficacy of ash-bath. 61a
28. Amavasyasraddhe pitrvichaya: Obsequial ablutions of the manes as performed by King Pururavas and the greatness of the act. 64b
 
Yugas (aeons) and related matters
 
29. Yugavarttah: The Yuga-cycle, its duration etc. 66b
30. Yajnapravarttanam: Origin of sacrifice at the advent of Tretayuga-Dispute between Indra and the sages-Degradation of Vasu who intervenes and denounces sacrifice as an act of violence. 69a
31. Chaturyugakhyanam: Definition of the four yugas and yuga junctions-The four castes and stages in life-Nature of the yugas. 70a
32. Yugparajalakshanam Rshipravaralakshanam cha: Characteristics of men and bad-Right and wrong acts-Nature of righteousness-Different cadres of sages. 73a
33. Rshilakshanam: Sages who have propounded the Vedic texts-Nature, definition and divisions of mantras-Vedic injunctions. 76a
34. Vyasasishyotpatti-varnanam: Diffusion of the Vedas and Puranas by Vyasa and his disciples at the advent of the Dvapara yuga-Dispute between sages Sakalya and Yajnavalkya at the horse-sacrifice of king Janaka and the defeat of Sakalya. 77b
35. Vedavyasanakhyanam Svayambhuvamanvantaravarnanam cha: Recensions of the Rgveda, Yajurveda and Samaveda, the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Vedangas-Legend of Yajnavalkya and Vaisampayana re. Yajurveda-Vaivasvata Manu and the creation of men-Further manvantaras. 79a
36. Seshamanvantarakhyanam Prthividohanam cha: Further Manus, Svarochisha, Uttama, Tamasa, Raivata and Chakshusha and their creations-Story of Vena-Milking of the earth by King Prthu of the dynasty of svarochisha. 84b
37. Prthuvamsanukirttanam Chakshushasarga-varnanam cha: Earth-Its meaningful synonyms-birth of Daksha-Chakshusha-manvantara. 90a
38. Vaivasvavata-manvantara-varnanam: Vaivasvata man-vantara-Creations of sage Maricha-The sages and kings of this manvantara. 91b
 
II. MADHYAMA-BHAGA
 
1 Prajapati-rshisarga-varnanam: Creation of the seven sages-Progeny of Bhrgu and Angiras. 92a
2 Prajapativamsanukirttanam: Prajapati Daksha and his progeny. 95b
3. Svayambhutraigunyasvarupa-varnanam: Dharma and his progeny-Three aspects of Brahma-Presiding deities of muhurta, tithi, nakshatra, day and night-Origin of certain gods and sages.  
4. Jayabhivyaharah: Legend of the Jaya-gods born from the face of Brahma-Brahma curses them for their defective creation-Later redumption of the curse. 99a
5. Marudutpatti-varnanam: Story of the demons Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksha-Their destruction by Vishnu - Progeny of Hiranyakasipu-Birth of the Maruts, being sons of Diti and Kasyapa. 100a
6. Danuvamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of the Mauneyas, the progeny of Gandharvas and Apsaras-Progeny of Kadru-Dynasty of Khasa-Marriage of Yakshas and Rakshasas with demonesses and their progeny-Yakshas, the progeny of Guhyakas and Apsaras-Relative graduation of the above-Dynasties of monkeys and bears-Incidental mention of the defeat of Ravana at the hands of Vali-How the Sun got the appellation Martanda-Elephants and their disposition-Castes of Bhutas and Pisachas-Wild and domestic beasts, birds and inferior creatures. 103b
8. Rshivamsa-varnanam: Settlement of the several creations at the appropriate places-Progeny of the sages Atri and Vasistha. 115a
 
Sraddha (Obsequies and related rituals)
 
9. Pitrkalpah: Sraddha offered to the manes-Its natures, importance and prescribed practices-Relative superiority of persons to whom sraddha feast could be offered. 117b
10. Pitrrajyakalpah: Illustrative episode of the birth of Uma to Himavan and Mena-Birth of Skanda-Story of Accheda-Satyavati-Pivari-Efficacy of offering sraddha to the manes. 119b
11. Samid-varnanam- Details of its performance. 122
12. Sraddhakalpah: Origin of Visvedavas and their propitiation during sraddha-Efficacy of offering rice-balls in sacrificial fire.  
13. Punyadesanukirttanam: Regions, spots, rivers etc. where the performance of sraddha is highly efficacious. 126b
14. Asauchavidhi: Details of the times for and articles to be used in sraddha, the persons who should not see sraddha, creatures which destroy sraddha, auspicious objects for sraddha and purification in sraddha. 130a
15. Brahmanapariksha: Persons who are fit to be offered the sraddha feast. 132b
16. Danaprasamsa: Praise of offerings in sraddha-Rice offering considered best. 134b
17. ‘Iithisraddha-varnanam: Appropriate time for sraddha-Benefits from sraddha performed on the several lunar days (tithi-s) 135b
18. Nakshatrasraddha-varnanam: Merit of sraddha performance during the 27 nakshatra-days. 136b
19. Brahmanapariksha: Merits of offering different articles of food during sraddha-Persons to be invited and to be rejected-Result of the performance of sraddha. 136b
20. Pitrganah: Seven groups of manes and their propitiation, 138b
21. Parasuramakatharambhah: Legend of Parasurama-Parasurama, son of sage Jamadagni, being directed by sage Aurva to propitiate Siva and obtain weapons. 139a
22. Jamadagnya-tapascharanam: Penance of Parasurama in the Himalayas. 141a
23. Jamadagnyena Sivaprasadanam: Parasurama tested by Siva in the guise of a hunter and asked to desist from penance 142a
24. Sivena ayudhadidanam: Parasurama’s spirited reply to Siva who is pleased and bestows on Parasurama weapons for the destruction of demons-Parasurama repairs to his hermitage, where he installs for worship Siva as a Hunter. 145a
25. Jamadagnyena krta Sivastutih brahmana-balaka-raksha-nam cha: Parasurama eulogises Siva and on his way back home saves a boy from a tiger 147a
26. Jamadagnerasrame Karttaviryagamanam: King Karttavirya of the Haihaya dynasty arrives at Jamadagni’s hermitage and sees the divine cow of the sage. 148a
27. Karttaviryasya Jamadagnikrtam atithyam: Karttavirya accepts Jamadagni’s hospitality and stays at the hermitage overnight. 150b
28. Karttaviryamantrina goharanasamrambhah: Next morning, on setting out, the king’s minister Chandragupta instigates the king to seize the cow and with the king’s approaval goes to the sage for the purpose. 152b
29. Jamadagnihananam: A dispute arises between the sages and Chandragupta, at which the minister kills the sage. The divine cow disappears in the heavens. 154a
30. Jamadagner punarujjivanam: Lamentation of the widowed Renuka, wife of Jamadagni-Return of Parasurama who vows to destroy all the kings of the earth-Arrival of sage Bhrgu who restores to life the dead Jamadagni.  
31. Brahmana upadesah: Parasurama approaches Brahma for advice-He is directed to Siva. 156b
32. Jamadagnyasya Sivaprasadah: Parasurama propitiates Siva and receives from him potent weapons and repairs to Pushkara-tirtha. 157b
33. Trailokyavijayakavachanushthanam:. Parasurama receives at Pushkara the World-conquering armour-mantra 159a
34. Mrgamrgisamvadah: Parasurama overhears a pair of deer stating that he would get great power when he learnt from sage Agastya the hymn Krishna-prema-mrta-stotra. 160a
35. Mrgamrgyoh katha Jamadagnyasya Agastyasramagamanam cha: The past story of the deer couple-Parasurama repairs to the hermitage of Agastya, where the deer couple also arrive. 161b
36. Agastyena Krshnapremamrtastotrakathanam: Parasurama listens to the hymn from Agastya-The deer couple also get salvation. 163a
37. Jamadgnyaya Krshnasya varadanam: Parasurama recites the hymn as per prescription on the banks of the Ganges and is blessed by Lord Krshna with the power to slay all the kings on the earth. 164b
38. Karttaviryam prati yuddhahvanam Matsyahananam cha: Parasurama descends upon Mahishmati, the capital of Karttavirya, and calls him to fight-The king of Matsya is slain by Parasurama in battle. 165b
39. Jamadagnyakrta Bhadrakalistutih: Parasurama slays several kings, but finds his axe noneffective against king Suchandra-He eulogises goddess Bhadrakali, who advises him to use the fire-missile-Suchandra is slain. 166b
40. Karttaviryavadhah: Battle with Karttavirya, who is defeated and slain. 168a
41. Jamadagnyasya Kailasagamanam: The death of the sons of Karttavirya-Parasurama goes to Kailasa to pay his respects to Siva but is stopped by god Ganesa-His dispute with Ganesa. 170a
42. Radha-Krshnabhyam Parvatisantvanam: Parasurama strikes Ganesa with his axe, at which the latter’s tusk is broken-Goddess Parvati is enraged-Radha and Krshna arrive and pacify Parvati and heal the wound in Ganesa’s face. 171b
43. Jamadagnyasya varapraptih: Parasurama pacifies Parvati, and returns home with boons bestowed on him by Krshna, Parvati, Ganesa and Siva. 173a
44. Jamadagnyena Mahendragamanam: Parasurama goes to Mt. Mahendra to perform penance for the expiation of his sins for slaying kings. 174a
45. Jamadagner vadhah: During Parasurama’s absence, Surasena and others, sons of the slain kings, behead Jamadagni-His wife Renuka abandons her life-Parasurama returns after 12 years of penance. 174b
46. Jamadagnyena Trihsaptakrtvah kshatriyahananam: Parasurama is enraged, slays Surasena in battle and roams round the earth twenty-one times, killing kings. 175a
47. Jamadagnyena tapascharyartham Mahendragamanam: Parasurama pays ablutions to his manes in Kurukshetra with the blood of the slain kings-but he is advised to perform expiatory penance, which he does in Siddhivana-He also performs the horse-sacrifice, and gifts away the entire country to sage Kasyapa.  
 
Legend of Sagara
Sagaraya Vasishthopadesah: Birth of king Sagara-Sage Vasishtha advises him to perform the horse-sacrifice.
176a
48. Sagrapratijnapalanam: Sagara’s conquest of the world-The family of Karttavirya is defeated and banished. 180a
49. Sagaradigvijayah: Sagara’s tour of conquest-His hospitality to the sages. 180a
50. Sagarasya Aurvasramagamanam: Sagara’s going to the hermitage of sage Aurva with the prayer for progeny. 181b
51. Asamanjatyagah: Aurva blesses Sagara and one son Asamanja is born to his first queen and sixty thousand sons to the other-Asamanja, being inhibited, is banished. 183a
52. Asvamedhartham asvamochanam: The infestation of the world by Sagara’s sons disturbs the gods and, at their behest, sage Kapila undertakes to destroy them-Sagara’s horse is taken round the earth by his sons as part of the horse-sacrifice. 184b
53. Sagaraputranam vinasah: Indra steals the horse and takes it to the nether regions near Kapila’s hermitage-Sagara’s sixty thousand sons dig the earth and locate the horse and, taking Kapila to be the thief, insult him-But they are burnt to ashes by the fire emanating from the sage’s eye. 185b
54. Kapilasramasthasvanayanam: Kapila is pacified by the gods-At sage Narada’s advice, prince Amsuman, son of Asamanja, goes to Kapila and gets the horse released-He also gains the boon that his grandson Bhagiratha would bring down the divine Ganges from the heavens to wash the ashes of Sagara’s sons and thus emancipate them. 187a
55. Amsumato rajyapraptih: Sagara completes the horse-sacrifice and installs Amsuman as crown prince. 188a
56. Ganganayanam: Engulfment, by the sea, of the dug-out portion of the earth-Greatness of the Gokarna region-The sages of Gokarna approach Parasurama, who was performing penance in Mt. Mahendra, with the request to reclaim the land submerged by the sea. Prince Amsuman’s grandson, Bhagiratha, brings the divine Ganges to the earth for the emancipation of Sagara’s sons and it fills the nether regions. (For details of this events see 1. 19. 25-38) 189a
57. Varunagamanam: Parasurama heeds to the plaint of the sages and accosts Varuna, the lord of the ocean-On Varuna declining to come, he sets the arrow to age-It is explained that it was on account of their practice of music-Exposition of musicology. 195b
62. Gandharva-lakshanam: Further details of musicology. 197a
63. Ikshvakuvamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of Saryatas-Ikshvaku dynasty-King Ikshvaku banishes his son Vikukshi for misconduct--A later king Kuvalasva kills the demon Dundhu--Kuvalasva’s progeny-Incidental mention of other kings-Kings Trisanku and his resuscitation by sage Visvamitra-Other royal dynasties. 198a
64. Nimivamsanukirttanam: Dynasty of Maithila Nimi. 203a
65. Soma-Saumyayor janmakathanam: Birth of the Moon and of Buddha. 204a
66. Amavasu-vamsakirttanam: Buddh’s son Pururavas and his marriage with the heavenly damsel Urvasi-Progeny of Pururavas-Incidentally, the progeny of Visvamitra. 205
67. Dhanvant ari-sambhavadi-varnanam: Dynasty of King Ayus-Incidental mention of god Dhanvantari and his birth in the royal family of Kasi-His progeny-Wilderness Kasi for 1000 years due to the curse of Nikumbha-Siva and Parvati taking their permanent abode in Kasi-Alarka, progeny of Divodasa, repopulating the city-Dynasty of Raji 207a
68. Maruta-Nahushayoh vamsanukirttanam Yayaticharitam cha: Dynasty of Maruta and of Nahusha-The old King Yayati receiving the youth of his son, prince Puru, and later giving it back. 202b
69. Yaduvamsa-kirttanam: Incidental mention of the dynasty of Yadu-Birth of Karttavirya with two thousand arms-His subduing Ravana, the rakshasa king of Lanka-Later kings of the Yadu dynasty. 212b
70. Kroshtuvamsa-kirttanam: The episode of the Sun presenting Karttavirya with fire missiles-The latter is cursed by sages for using the missiles-Dynasty of Kroshtu. 213b
71. Vrshnivamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of the Sattvatas-Episode of the Syamantaka gem and the Andhakas-Birth of the Pandavas-Dynasty of Vasudeva-Birth of Lord Krshna-Attempts of Kamsa to kill Krshna-Previous births of Devaki, Yasoda and Vasudeva-Dynasty of Krshna.  
72. Vishnumahatmyam Sivanamastotram cha: Vishnu’s incarnation in the world in every yuga on account of Bhrgu’s curse for the protection of dharma-Sub-in-carnations of Vishnu-Twelve battles between gods and demons-The defeated demons are driven to the nether regions-Kavya, son of Sukra, goes to Siva for succour-He is advised to do penance to acquire the power to defeat the gods-The other demons take refuge under Kavya’s mother who in-capacitates god Indra-For relief, Indra enters the body of Vishnu-Kavya’s mother incapacitates Vishnu too-To save themselves, Vishnu cuts off the head of Kavya’s mother-But sage Bhrgu restores her to life and curses Vishnu to be born on the earth seven times-Indra sends his daughter Jayanu to wean away Kavya from his penance-Meanwhile, Siva blesses Kavya with an omnipotent mantra-Kavya eulogises Siva. 221a
73. Vishnumahatmya-varnanam: Kavya returns home, but, pleased with the attendance of Jayanti, stays concealed with her for ten years-The Asuras who come in search of Kavya miss him-But Brhaspati, the preceptor of the gods, presents himself before them in the guise of Kavya and begins teaching them-When, at the end of ten years, the real Kavya appears before the asuras, they repudiate him and he curses them to become senseless and be defeated-The pretender-Kavya, viz., Brhaspati, disappears, at which the baffled asuras resort to the real Kavya who reassures them of victory later-The asuras are defeated-Vishnu, in the guise of Vamana, pushes the asureas and their King Bali to the nether regions-Mention of the different incarnations of Vishnu. 226a
74. Turvasvadi-vamsanuvarnanam: Dynasties of Turvasu and of Druhyu-Dynasty of the sons of Bali-Episode of sage Dirghatamas. 229a
 
III. UTTARA-BHAGA
 
1. Abhutasamplavakhya-varnanam: Description of the future Manvantaras which are to follow the current Vaivasvata Manvantara-Mention of the groups of presiding sages, gods, etc. and their progeny who would play a part in the several Manvantaras-Dissolution of the Universe at its end-Measures of the time of Brahma. 236a
2. Urdhvalokah Sivapuravarnanam cha: worlds above the earth, their situation, characteristics, denizens etc.-The Brahman-hood of the manes, their nature etc.-Numerals up to parardha (figure of 18 digits) -nature of the measurable and the nonmeasurable-linear measures-distances of celestial bodes and the pole from the earth-The hells-The sins and the sinful destined to the hells-The cycle of births and deaths-Number of the created creatures-Description of the heavens and of Sivapura-How men of ardent devotion reach Sivapura. 242a
3. Pratisargah: Dissolution of the universe-Merging of the five elements into one another-Dharma and Adharma explained to be related to the Gunas-Attachment to the world explained as a result of ignorance as distinct from true knowledge-Threefold nature of Moksha (emancipation) - Emergence of non-attachment through knowledge-Characteristic definition of Satya, Kshetra, Kshetrajna, Akshara, Bhojya, Vibhu, Purusha, etc.-Three-fold nature of dissolution. 250a
4. Brahmandavarttah punah-srshtis cha: Re-creation-The re-appearance of Brahma-Cycle of creation and dissolution-Merit of reading and listening to the Brahmanda Purana-Descent of the narrative of the Purana from Brahma through a long line of reciters, viz., Vayu, Usanas, Brhaspati, Savita, Mrtyu, Indra, Vasishtha, Sarasvata, Tridhama, Saradvan, Trivishta, Antariksha, Rshi, Traiyyaruna, Dhanan-jaya, Krtanjaya, Trnanjaya, Bharadvaja, Gautama, Niryatara, Vajasrava, Somasushma, Trnabindu, Daksha, Sakti, Parasara, Jatukarnya, Dvaipayana and lastly Suta, the present narrator-Eligibility of persons to whom the Purana can be imparted. 252b
 
Lalitopakhyanam
 
5. Agastyasya Kanchipuragamanam Tanardanavirbhavascha: Invocation-In the course of a pilgrimage, sage Agastya arrives at Kanchipura and worships Goddess Kamakshi-God Janardana (Vishnu) appears before him and, on being requested, tells him that Hayagriva would narrate to him the story of Goddess Lalita. 254b
6. Himsadisvarupa-varnanam: Sage Durvasas presents Indra with a garland of the Mother Goddess, which he puts on the head of his elephant, Airavata, which latter throws it down-Enraged, Durvasas curses Indra with loss of position and power-Indra repairs to his preceptor who tells him of the sufferings to be undergone for evil actions. 255b
7. Steya-panadi tatpariharas cha.: In illustration of the result of breech of trust and theft, is narrated the episode of the thief Vajra and hunter Viradatta. 257a
8. Agamyagamanadi tatprayaschittas cha: In illustration of the result of breech of trust and theft, is narrated the episode of the thief Vajra and hunter Viradatta. With one’s wedded spouse-Rules for the rejection of prohibited food and acceptance of approved food. 259a
9. Devasurakrtam amrtamanthanam: Mention of the punishment suffered by Brhaspati for not giving a correct reply-the hanishment of Indra for slaying Visvarupa and his subsequent restoration-The defeat of the demons at the churning of the ocean and the presentation of the gifts that came out of the ocean. 260b
10. Mohini-pradurbhavah: Distribution of ambrosia to the gods alone by Vishnu in the form of Mohini-Infatuation of Siva for Mohini and the birth of Mahabala - Reference to Bhandasura and his progeny and the origin of Goddess Lalita. 262b
 
Story of Bhandasura
 
11. Bhandasura-pradurbhavah: Origin of the demon Bhanda from the ashes of Kama, the God of love, burnt by Siva-Pleased by his worship, Siva bestows on him the boon of long sovereignty and uncon-querability. 264b
12. Lalita-pradurbhavah: Bhanda’s long reign from Sonitapura-Indra’s worship of Lalita at Indra-prastha for subduing him-Bhanda’s attempt to disrupt Indra’s penance is thwarted by Lalita. 265b
13. Lalita-stavarajah: Eulogy of the Goddess through Lalitastavaraja, by the Gods. 267b
14. Madanakamesvara-pradurbhavah: Eulogy of the Goddess by Brahma and Vishnu-Incarnation of Siva as the handsome Madanakamesvara in line with the beautiful form of Lalita-The god’s proposal to Lalita to marry Siva. 268b
15. Lalita-vivahotsavah: Auspicious marriage of Lalita and Siva-Attendance of the gods and divine beings-Mention by the gods of the atrocities of Bhandasura. 269a
16. Lalita-sainya-sannahah: Goddess Lalita prepares to fight Bhanda-Description of the armed cavalry parading before Lalita under the captaincy of Asvarudha-Sakti. 270b
17. Dandanatha-vijayayatra: Description of the parading of varied foot-soldiers and armour under the captaincy of Dandanatha. 271b
18. Lalita-vijayayatra: War march of Goddess Lalita, with the army chanting Lalitapanchavimsati, ’25 names of Lalita’. 273a
19-20 Chakrarajadiratha-devata-pradarsanam: Description of the battle array of Lalita. 273b
21. Bhandasurahankarah: Beseige of the city of Bhanda-sura-Bhanda’s brother Vishanga suggests a cautious approach-He is overruled and the advice to fight by Kutilaksha accepted. 277a
22. Durmada-Kuranda-vadhah: Fight between Lalita’s general Sampatkari and Bhanda’s general Durmada and his brother Kuranda and the death of the latter two. 280b
23. Karankadi-pancha-senapati-vadhah: Bhanda confers with Kutilaksha and sends five generals, Karanka and others-The magic spell of Sarpini is also applied-But Lalita’s army thwarts them all by counterspells. 283a
24. Valahakadi-sapta-senapati-vadhah: Bhanda sends seven generals, Valahaka and others, with dazzling eyes but they are all slain by Dandanatha riding the chariot of darkness. 285b
25. Vishangapalayanam: Lamentations of Bhanda at the death of his generals at the hands of a woman-He sends his brother Vishanga and fifty generals during the night-Magic spells are also applied-Kutilaksha is slain and Vishanga flees the field at the dawn. 288a
26. Bhandaputra-vadhah: Lalita’s general Jvalamalini puts up a circular fence of flames round the battle-field-Bhanda’s sons are slain in the fight by the daughters of Lalita. 290b
27. Gananatha-parakramah: Visukra consoles the bereaved Bhanda, and the two fight a magic war-However, Lord Gananatha originating from the mouth of Lalita breaks the magic and Bhanda and Visukra flee. 293b
28. Visukra-Vishangavadhah: Bhanda’s sons Vishanga and Visukra, with a large army, confront Lalita-Lalita’s generals Dandini and Mantrini, riding on the Kirichakra and Geyachakra decimate the brothers and their army. 295a
29. Bhandasura-vadhah: Bhanda sets out with Kutilaksha and a large army-After a fierce fight Goddess Lalita slays them all. 298b
30. Madanapunarbhavah: Episode of Siva-Parvati-Karttikeya-Tarakavadha-Marriage of Indra’s daughter Devasena to Karttikeya. 302b
31. Saptakakshya-Matangakanya-Pradurbhavah: Construction by Visvakarma and Maya of seven divine cities for Goddess Lalita, Mantrini etc. 305a
32. Srinagaraprakasanam: Description of georgeous Srinagara, the city constructed for Lalita. 308a
33. Pushparaga-prakaradi-muktakaranta-saptakakshantara-kathanam: Description of Srinagara-Place allotted in the city for the devotees of Lalita, the Siddhas, Apsaras, Gorakshasetc.-Description of Rudraloka. 309b
34. Dikpaladi-Sivalokantara-kathanam: Worship of Lalita by Maharudra with other Rudras-Worship of Lalita in the different directions by others including Chandrasekhara. 312a
35. Mahapadmatavy-arghyasthapana-kathanam: Splendid sovereignty of Lalita, worship of the Goddess by the dazzling Martanda-Bhairava and the cool Moon, the advent of the Saktis in the Mahapadmatavi and the presence of Agni, Chandra, Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra in the city. 314a
36. Chintamanigrhantara-kathanam: Description of the Chintamanigrha, the residence of the Goddess-Her worship by the Saktis-Description of the omniscient and omnipotent chakra. 317a
37. Grharajantara-kathanam: Worship of Lalita in the georgeous Grharaja with eulogies-Descriptio of the splendrous beauty of Siva and Lalita. 319a
38. Mantraraja-sadhanaprakara-kathanam: Description of the beauteous form of Goddess Lalita and her efficacious worship. 321b
39. Kanchyam Kamakshi-varnanam: Glory of Goddess Kamakshi at Kanchipuram. 324a
40. Kanchipura-mahatmyam: The episode of Gauri closing the eyes of Siva in sport, when all activities in the world stop, at which Siva abandons Gauri-Gauri performs penance at Kanchi and is again united with Siva-The merit of a bath in the Kampa river in Kanchi and the worship of the Goddess Kamakshi. 326b
41. Srividya-yantropasana: Fulfilment of desires by the recital and meditation of Srividya. 330b
42. Devipujane mudrah: Merit of hand-poses during the worship of the Goddess. 332b
43. Devipujane diksha Sahasrakshara-vidya-sadhanam cha: Prescriptions for the worship of the Goddess with the Sahasrakshara-vidya-Teacher-pupil relationship in the imparting of the teaching. 333a
44. Devi puja-prakarah. Prescriptions of methods for the worship of the Goddess. 336a

 

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ब्रह्माण्ड महापुराणम्: The Brahmanda Purana (Horizontal Edition): Sanskrit Only

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CONTENTS

 

 
1. PURVA-BHAGA
 
Chapter    
1. Purananukramanika: Invocation - Descent of Puranic lore-Arrival of the purana reciter Romaharshana at Kurukshetra-The sages assembled request him to recite to the Brahmanda Purana-Romaharshana sets out the nature and contents of the Purana. 1a
2. Naimishakhyana-kathanakam: Legend of the Naimisha region, indicating its etymology-Story of King Pururavas and his destruction at the hands of the sages, for his attempt to seize the golden altar at the 12-year sacrifice at Naimisha-His son Ayus succeeds Pururavas and conciliates the sages. 5a
3. Hiranyagarbhotpatti-varnanam: Creation of the Universe-Emergence of the Cosmic Egg out of the cosmic waters. 6a
4. Lokakalpanam: Constitution of and stages in the life of the Cosmic Egg-The qualities of sattva, rajas and tamas and their being the nature of Vishnu and other gods-Description of the Kalpa (the great aeon) 7a
5. Lokakalpanam: Creation-The great Boar incarnation of Vishnu lifting up the earth-Primary and Secondary Creation-Creation of gods, sages and others, and their dissolution. 7b
6. Kalpa-Manvantarakhyanam: Kalpa and Manvantaras-The occurrence therein of gods, sages and manes. 11a
7. Lokajnana-varnanam Chaturasramavibhagascha: Division of the earth-The four yugas (aeons) Krta, Treta, Dvapara and Kali-Geography of the earth Occurrence of flora and fauna etc.-The four castes and their duties and stages in life. 13a
8. Manasa-srshti-varnanam Devadisrshtikathanam cha: Mind-born sons of God Brahma-Creation of gods, sages, manes and men. 17b
9. Rudraprasava-varnanam Manvantaravarnanam cha: Creation by Brahma of Rudra and others, and, later, of the sages Bhrgu, Angiras and again of Manu-Descent of men from Manu and the creation of bhutas, pisachas etc. by Rudra. 19b
10. Mahadevavibhuti-varnanam: Creation of Rudra-Birth of Nilalohita-His eight names and eight forms. 21b
11. Rshisarga-varnanam: Creation of the sages Bhrgu, Angiras, Marichi, Pulastya etc. 23b
12. Agnivamsa-varnanam: Creation of Agni-His progeny and ten different Fires. 24b
13. Kala-sadbhava-varnanam Dakshasapa-varnanam cha: Creation of the seasons-Seasons as manes-Prajapati Daksha and his progeny-Daksha’s sacrifice, at which Siva, who was married to Daksha’s daughter Sati, was not invited-Self-immolation of Sati-Mutual curse of Daksha and Siva-Sages and their progeny. 26b
14. Svayambhuva-Priyavrata-vamsanukirttanam: King Priya-vrata and his dynasty. 29b
15. Prthivyayamavistarah: Description of Jambudvipa, its divisions, countries, mountains, etc.  
16. Bharata-varnanam: Description of Bharata (India)-Its divisions, inhabitants, mountains, rivers etc. 33b
17. Kimpurushadivarsha-varnanam: Description of other continents such as Kimpurusha, Hari, Ilavrta etc., with details. 35a
18. Jambudvipa-varnanam: Ganga and its origin from Kailasa in Jambudvipa-Its flow in the four directions. 36a
19. Plakshadvipa-varnanam: Description of Plaksha and other island-continents, Salmali, Kusa, Krauncha, Saka and Pushkara. 38a
20 Adholoka-varnanam: Description of the seven nether regions occupied by Nagas, Rakshasas etc. 42b
 
Puranic astronomy
 
21. Adityavyuha-varnanam: The astronomical situation of the Earth-Sun and moon and their movements- Divisions of time-Motion of the celestial bodes. 44a
22. Devagrahanukirttanam: Motion of the Stars and Planets-Formation of clouds-The Solar car. 48b
23. Dhruvacharyyakirttanam: Occupation by different gods etc. of the months of the six seasons-The Lunar car-Celestial bodies revolving round the Pole star. 50a
24. Jyotisham sannivesanam: Sun and moon-Sun being the source of light for other luminaries and the cause for the seasons, the growth of vegetation, etc. 56b
25. Nilakanthanamotpatti-kathanam: Legend of Siva becoming blue-necked by swallowing the poison that emerged at the churning of the milky ocean by gods and demons. 56b
26. Lingotpatti-kathanam: Radiant Linga idol of Siva and the eulogy of Siva by Vishnu. 59b
27. Daruvana-pravesah bhasmasnana-vidhis cha: Siva wandering naked and smeared with ash in the Daru forest inhabited by sages who curse him-But when they recognize him, they install his idol and eulogise him-Siva instructing the sages on the efficacy of ash-bath. 61a
28. Amavasyasraddhe pitrvichaya: Obsequial ablutions of the manes as performed by King Pururavas and the greatness of the act. 64b
 
Yugas (aeons) and related matters
 
29. Yugavarttah: The Yuga-cycle, its duration etc. 66b
30. Yajnapravarttanam: Origin of sacrifice at the advent of Tretayuga-Dispute between Indra and the sages-Degradation of Vasu who intervenes and denounces sacrifice as an act of violence. 69a
31. Chaturyugakhyanam: Definition of the four yugas and yuga junctions-The four castes and stages in life-Nature of the yugas. 70a
32. Yugparajalakshanam Rshipravaralakshanam cha: Characteristics of men and bad-Right and wrong acts-Nature of righteousness-Different cadres of sages. 73a
33. Rshilakshanam: Sages who have propounded the Vedic texts-Nature, definition and divisions of mantras-Vedic injunctions. 76a
34. Vyasasishyotpatti-varnanam: Diffusion of the Vedas and Puranas by Vyasa and his disciples at the advent of the Dvapara yuga-Dispute between sages Sakalya and Yajnavalkya at the horse-sacrifice of king Janaka and the defeat of Sakalya. 77b
35. Vedavyasanakhyanam Svayambhuvamanvantaravarnanam cha: Recensions of the Rgveda, Yajurveda and Samaveda, the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Vedangas-Legend of Yajnavalkya and Vaisampayana re. Yajurveda-Vaivasvata Manu and the creation of men-Further manvantaras. 79a
36. Seshamanvantarakhyanam Prthividohanam cha: Further Manus, Svarochisha, Uttama, Tamasa, Raivata and Chakshusha and their creations-Story of Vena-Milking of the earth by King Prthu of the dynasty of svarochisha. 84b
37. Prthuvamsanukirttanam Chakshushasarga-varnanam cha: Earth-Its meaningful synonyms-birth of Daksha-Chakshusha-manvantara. 90a
38. Vaivasvavata-manvantara-varnanam: Vaivasvata man-vantara-Creations of sage Maricha-The sages and kings of this manvantara. 91b
 
II. MADHYAMA-BHAGA
 
1 Prajapati-rshisarga-varnanam: Creation of the seven sages-Progeny of Bhrgu and Angiras. 92a
2 Prajapativamsanukirttanam: Prajapati Daksha and his progeny. 95b
3. Svayambhutraigunyasvarupa-varnanam: Dharma and his progeny-Three aspects of Brahma-Presiding deities of muhurta, tithi, nakshatra, day and night-Origin of certain gods and sages.  
4. Jayabhivyaharah: Legend of the Jaya-gods born from the face of Brahma-Brahma curses them for their defective creation-Later redumption of the curse. 99a
5. Marudutpatti-varnanam: Story of the demons Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksha-Their destruction by Vishnu - Progeny of Hiranyakasipu-Birth of the Maruts, being sons of Diti and Kasyapa. 100a
6. Danuvamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of the Mauneyas, the progeny of Gandharvas and Apsaras-Progeny of Kadru-Dynasty of Khasa-Marriage of Yakshas and Rakshasas with demonesses and their progeny-Yakshas, the progeny of Guhyakas and Apsaras-Relative graduation of the above-Dynasties of monkeys and bears-Incidental mention of the defeat of Ravana at the hands of Vali-How the Sun got the appellation Martanda-Elephants and their disposition-Castes of Bhutas and Pisachas-Wild and domestic beasts, birds and inferior creatures. 103b
8. Rshivamsa-varnanam: Settlement of the several creations at the appropriate places-Progeny of the sages Atri and Vasistha. 115a
 
Sraddha (Obsequies and related rituals)
 
9. Pitrkalpah: Sraddha offered to the manes-Its natures, importance and prescribed practices-Relative superiority of persons to whom sraddha feast could be offered. 117b
10. Pitrrajyakalpah: Illustrative episode of the birth of Uma to Himavan and Mena-Birth of Skanda-Story of Accheda-Satyavati-Pivari-Efficacy of offering sraddha to the manes. 119b
11. Samid-varnanam- Details of its performance. 122
12. Sraddhakalpah: Origin of Visvedavas and their propitiation during sraddha-Efficacy of offering rice-balls in sacrificial fire.  
13. Punyadesanukirttanam: Regions, spots, rivers etc. where the performance of sraddha is highly efficacious. 126b
14. Asauchavidhi: Details of the times for and articles to be used in sraddha, the persons who should not see sraddha, creatures which destroy sraddha, auspicious objects for sraddha and purification in sraddha. 130a
15. Brahmanapariksha: Persons who are fit to be offered the sraddha feast. 132b
16. Danaprasamsa: Praise of offerings in sraddha-Rice offering considered best. 134b
17. ‘Iithisraddha-varnanam: Appropriate time for sraddha-Benefits from sraddha performed on the several lunar days (tithi-s) 135b
18. Nakshatrasraddha-varnanam: Merit of sraddha performance during the 27 nakshatra-days. 136b
19. Brahmanapariksha: Merits of offering different articles of food during sraddha-Persons to be invited and to be rejected-Result of the performance of sraddha. 136b
20. Pitrganah: Seven groups of manes and their propitiation, 138b
21. Parasuramakatharambhah: Legend of Parasurama-Parasurama, son of sage Jamadagni, being directed by sage Aurva to propitiate Siva and obtain weapons. 139a
22. Jamadagnya-tapascharanam: Penance of Parasurama in the Himalayas. 141a
23. Jamadagnyena Sivaprasadanam: Parasurama tested by Siva in the guise of a hunter and asked to desist from penance 142a
24. Sivena ayudhadidanam: Parasurama’s spirited reply to Siva who is pleased and bestows on Parasurama weapons for the destruction of demons-Parasurama repairs to his hermitage, where he installs for worship Siva as a Hunter. 145a
25. Jamadagnyena krta Sivastutih brahmana-balaka-raksha-nam cha: Parasurama eulogises Siva and on his way back home saves a boy from a tiger 147a
26. Jamadagnerasrame Karttaviryagamanam: King Karttavirya of the Haihaya dynasty arrives at Jamadagni’s hermitage and sees the divine cow of the sage. 148a
27. Karttaviryasya Jamadagnikrtam atithyam: Karttavirya accepts Jamadagni’s hospitality and stays at the hermitage overnight. 150b
28. Karttaviryamantrina goharanasamrambhah: Next morning, on setting out, the king’s minister Chandragupta instigates the king to seize the cow and with the king’s approaval goes to the sage for the purpose. 152b
29. Jamadagnihananam: A dispute arises between the sages and Chandragupta, at which the minister kills the sage. The divine cow disappears in the heavens. 154a
30. Jamadagner punarujjivanam: Lamentation of the widowed Renuka, wife of Jamadagni-Return of Parasurama who vows to destroy all the kings of the earth-Arrival of sage Bhrgu who restores to life the dead Jamadagni.  
31. Brahmana upadesah: Parasurama approaches Brahma for advice-He is directed to Siva. 156b
32. Jamadagnyasya Sivaprasadah: Parasurama propitiates Siva and receives from him potent weapons and repairs to Pushkara-tirtha. 157b
33. Trailokyavijayakavachanushthanam:. Parasurama receives at Pushkara the World-conquering armour-mantra 159a
34. Mrgamrgisamvadah: Parasurama overhears a pair of deer stating that he would get great power when he learnt from sage Agastya the hymn Krishna-prema-mrta-stotra. 160a
35. Mrgamrgyoh katha Jamadagnyasya Agastyasramagamanam cha: The past story of the deer couple-Parasurama repairs to the hermitage of Agastya, where the deer couple also arrive. 161b
36. Agastyena Krshnapremamrtastotrakathanam: Parasurama listens to the hymn from Agastya-The deer couple also get salvation. 163a
37. Jamadgnyaya Krshnasya varadanam: Parasurama recites the hymn as per prescription on the banks of the Ganges and is blessed by Lord Krshna with the power to slay all the kings on the earth. 164b
38. Karttaviryam prati yuddhahvanam Matsyahananam cha: Parasurama descends upon Mahishmati, the capital of Karttavirya, and calls him to fight-The king of Matsya is slain by Parasurama in battle. 165b
39. Jamadagnyakrta Bhadrakalistutih: Parasurama slays several kings, but finds his axe noneffective against king Suchandra-He eulogises goddess Bhadrakali, who advises him to use the fire-missile-Suchandra is slain. 166b
40. Karttaviryavadhah: Battle with Karttavirya, who is defeated and slain. 168a
41. Jamadagnyasya Kailasagamanam: The death of the sons of Karttavirya-Parasurama goes to Kailasa to pay his respects to Siva but is stopped by god Ganesa-His dispute with Ganesa. 170a
42. Radha-Krshnabhyam Parvatisantvanam: Parasurama strikes Ganesa with his axe, at which the latter’s tusk is broken-Goddess Parvati is enraged-Radha and Krshna arrive and pacify Parvati and heal the wound in Ganesa’s face. 171b
43. Jamadagnyasya varapraptih: Parasurama pacifies Parvati, and returns home with boons bestowed on him by Krshna, Parvati, Ganesa and Siva. 173a
44. Jamadagnyena Mahendragamanam: Parasurama goes to Mt. Mahendra to perform penance for the expiation of his sins for slaying kings. 174a
45. Jamadagner vadhah: During Parasurama’s absence, Surasena and others, sons of the slain kings, behead Jamadagni-His wife Renuka abandons her life-Parasurama returns after 12 years of penance. 174b
46. Jamadagnyena Trihsaptakrtvah kshatriyahananam: Parasurama is enraged, slays Surasena in battle and roams round the earth twenty-one times, killing kings. 175a
47. Jamadagnyena tapascharyartham Mahendragamanam: Parasurama pays ablutions to his manes in Kurukshetra with the blood of the slain kings-but he is advised to perform expiatory penance, which he does in Siddhivana-He also performs the horse-sacrifice, and gifts away the entire country to sage Kasyapa.  
 
Legend of Sagara
Sagaraya Vasishthopadesah: Birth of king Sagara-Sage Vasishtha advises him to perform the horse-sacrifice.
176a
48. Sagrapratijnapalanam: Sagara’s conquest of the world-The family of Karttavirya is defeated and banished. 180a
49. Sagaradigvijayah: Sagara’s tour of conquest-His hospitality to the sages. 180a
50. Sagarasya Aurvasramagamanam: Sagara’s going to the hermitage of sage Aurva with the prayer for progeny. 181b
51. Asamanjatyagah: Aurva blesses Sagara and one son Asamanja is born to his first queen and sixty thousand sons to the other-Asamanja, being inhibited, is banished. 183a
52. Asvamedhartham asvamochanam: The infestation of the world by Sagara’s sons disturbs the gods and, at their behest, sage Kapila undertakes to destroy them-Sagara’s horse is taken round the earth by his sons as part of the horse-sacrifice. 184b
53. Sagaraputranam vinasah: Indra steals the horse and takes it to the nether regions near Kapila’s hermitage-Sagara’s sixty thousand sons dig the earth and locate the horse and, taking Kapila to be the thief, insult him-But they are burnt to ashes by the fire emanating from the sage’s eye. 185b
54. Kapilasramasthasvanayanam: Kapila is pacified by the gods-At sage Narada’s advice, prince Amsuman, son of Asamanja, goes to Kapila and gets the horse released-He also gains the boon that his grandson Bhagiratha would bring down the divine Ganges from the heavens to wash the ashes of Sagara’s sons and thus emancipate them. 187a
55. Amsumato rajyapraptih: Sagara completes the horse-sacrifice and installs Amsuman as crown prince. 188a
56. Ganganayanam: Engulfment, by the sea, of the dug-out portion of the earth-Greatness of the Gokarna region-The sages of Gokarna approach Parasurama, who was performing penance in Mt. Mahendra, with the request to reclaim the land submerged by the sea. Prince Amsuman’s grandson, Bhagiratha, brings the divine Ganges to the earth for the emancipation of Sagara’s sons and it fills the nether regions. (For details of this events see 1. 19. 25-38) 189a
57. Varunagamanam: Parasurama heeds to the plaint of the sages and accosts Varuna, the lord of the ocean-On Varuna declining to come, he sets the arrow to age-It is explained that it was on account of their practice of music-Exposition of musicology. 195b
62. Gandharva-lakshanam: Further details of musicology. 197a
63. Ikshvakuvamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of Saryatas-Ikshvaku dynasty-King Ikshvaku banishes his son Vikukshi for misconduct--A later king Kuvalasva kills the demon Dundhu--Kuvalasva’s progeny-Incidental mention of other kings-Kings Trisanku and his resuscitation by sage Visvamitra-Other royal dynasties. 198a
64. Nimivamsanukirttanam: Dynasty of Maithila Nimi. 203a
65. Soma-Saumyayor janmakathanam: Birth of the Moon and of Buddha. 204a
66. Amavasu-vamsakirttanam: Buddh’s son Pururavas and his marriage with the heavenly damsel Urvasi-Progeny of Pururavas-Incidentally, the progeny of Visvamitra. 205
67. Dhanvant ari-sambhavadi-varnanam: Dynasty of King Ayus-Incidental mention of god Dhanvantari and his birth in the royal family of Kasi-His progeny-Wilderness Kasi for 1000 years due to the curse of Nikumbha-Siva and Parvati taking their permanent abode in Kasi-Alarka, progeny of Divodasa, repopulating the city-Dynasty of Raji 207a
68. Maruta-Nahushayoh vamsanukirttanam Yayaticharitam cha: Dynasty of Maruta and of Nahusha-The old King Yayati receiving the youth of his son, prince Puru, and later giving it back. 202b
69. Yaduvamsa-kirttanam: Incidental mention of the dynasty of Yadu-Birth of Karttavirya with two thousand arms-His subduing Ravana, the rakshasa king of Lanka-Later kings of the Yadu dynasty. 212b
70. Kroshtuvamsa-kirttanam: The episode of the Sun presenting Karttavirya with fire missiles-The latter is cursed by sages for using the missiles-Dynasty of Kroshtu. 213b
71. Vrshnivamsa-kirttanam: Dynasty of the Sattvatas-Episode of the Syamantaka gem and the Andhakas-Birth of the Pandavas-Dynasty of Vasudeva-Birth of Lord Krshna-Attempts of Kamsa to kill Krshna-Previous births of Devaki, Yasoda and Vasudeva-Dynasty of Krshna.  
72. Vishnumahatmyam Sivanamastotram cha: Vishnu’s incarnation in the world in every yuga on account of Bhrgu’s curse for the protection of dharma-Sub-in-carnations of Vishnu-Twelve battles between gods and demons-The defeated demons are driven to the nether regions-Kavya, son of Sukra, goes to Siva for succour-He is advised to do penance to acquire the power to defeat the gods-The other demons take refuge under Kavya’s mother who in-capacitates god Indra-For relief, Indra enters the body of Vishnu-Kavya’s mother incapacitates Vishnu too-To save themselves, Vishnu cuts off the head of Kavya’s mother-But sage Bhrgu restores her to life and curses Vishnu to be born on the earth seven times-Indra sends his daughter Jayanu to wean away Kavya from his penance-Meanwhile, Siva blesses Kavya with an omnipotent mantra-Kavya eulogises Siva. 221a
73. Vishnumahatmya-varnanam: Kavya returns home, but, pleased with the attendance of Jayanti, stays concealed with her for ten years-The Asuras who come in search of Kavya miss him-But Brhaspati, the preceptor of the gods, presents himself before them in the guise of Kavya and begins teaching them-When, at the end of ten years, the real Kavya appears before the asuras, they repudiate him and he curses them to become senseless and be defeated-The pretender-Kavya, viz., Brhaspati, disappears, at which the baffled asuras resort to the real Kavya who reassures them of victory later-The asuras are defeated-Vishnu, in the guise of Vamana, pushes the asureas and their King Bali to the nether regions-Mention of the different incarnations of Vishnu. 226a
74. Turvasvadi-vamsanuvarnanam: Dynasties of Turvasu and of Druhyu-Dynasty of the sons of Bali-Episode of sage Dirghatamas. 229a
 
III. UTTARA-BHAGA
 
1. Abhutasamplavakhya-varnanam: Description of the future Manvantaras which are to follow the current Vaivasvata Manvantara-Mention of the groups of presiding sages, gods, etc. and their progeny who would play a part in the several Manvantaras-Dissolution of the Universe at its end-Measures of the time of Brahma. 236a
2. Urdhvalokah Sivapuravarnanam cha: worlds above the earth, their situation, characteristics, denizens etc.-The Brahman-hood of the manes, their nature etc.-Numerals up to parardha (figure of 18 digits) -nature of the measurable and the nonmeasurable-linear measures-distances of celestial bodes and the pole from the earth-The hells-The sins and the sinful destined to the hells-The cycle of births and deaths-Number of the created creatures-Description of the heavens and of Sivapura-How men of ardent devotion reach Sivapura. 242a
3. Pratisargah: Dissolution of the universe-Merging of the five elements into one another-Dharma and Adharma explained to be related to the Gunas-Attachment to the world explained as a result of ignorance as distinct from true knowledge-Threefold nature of Moksha (emancipation) - Emergence of non-attachment through knowledge-Characteristic definition of Satya, Kshetra, Kshetrajna, Akshara, Bhojya, Vibhu, Purusha, etc.-Three-fold nature of dissolution. 250a
4. Brahmandavarttah punah-srshtis cha: Re-creation-The re-appearance of Brahma-Cycle of creation and dissolution-Merit of reading and listening to the Brahmanda Purana-Descent of the narrative of the Purana from Brahma through a long line of reciters, viz., Vayu, Usanas, Brhaspati, Savita, Mrtyu, Indra, Vasishtha, Sarasvata, Tridhama, Saradvan, Trivishta, Antariksha, Rshi, Traiyyaruna, Dhanan-jaya, Krtanjaya, Trnanjaya, Bharadvaja, Gautama, Niryatara, Vajasrava, Somasushma, Trnabindu, Daksha, Sakti, Parasara, Jatukarnya, Dvaipayana and lastly Suta, the present narrator-Eligibility of persons to whom the Purana can be imparted. 252b
 
Lalitopakhyanam
 
5. Agastyasya Kanchipuragamanam Tanardanavirbhavascha: Invocation-In the course of a pilgrimage, sage Agastya arrives at Kanchipura and worships Goddess Kamakshi-God Janardana (Vishnu) appears before him and, on being requested, tells him that Hayagriva would narrate to him the story of Goddess Lalita. 254b
6. Himsadisvarupa-varnanam: Sage Durvasas presents Indra with a garland of the Mother Goddess, which he puts on the head of his elephant, Airavata, which latter throws it down-Enraged, Durvasas curses Indra with loss of position and power-Indra repairs to his preceptor who tells him of the sufferings to be undergone for evil actions. 255b
7. Steya-panadi tatpariharas cha.: In illustration of the result of breech of trust and theft, is narrated the episode of the thief Vajra and hunter Viradatta. 257a
8. Agamyagamanadi tatprayaschittas cha: In illustration of the result of breech of trust and theft, is narrated the episode of the thief Vajra and hunter Viradatta. With one’s wedded spouse-Rules for the rejection of prohibited food and acceptance of approved food. 259a
9. Devasurakrtam amrtamanthanam: Mention of the punishment suffered by Brhaspati for not giving a correct reply-the hanishment of Indra for slaying Visvarupa and his subsequent restoration-The defeat of the demons at the churning of the ocean and the presentation of the gifts that came out of the ocean. 260b
10. Mohini-pradurbhavah: Distribution of ambrosia to the gods alone by Vishnu in the form of Mohini-Infatuation of Siva for Mohini and the birth of Mahabala - Reference to Bhandasura and his progeny and the origin of Goddess Lalita. 262b
 
Story of Bhandasura
 
11. Bhandasura-pradurbhavah: Origin of the demon Bhanda from the ashes of Kama, the God of love, burnt by Siva-Pleased by his worship, Siva bestows on him the boon of long sovereignty and uncon-querability. 264b
12. Lalita-pradurbhavah: Bhanda’s long reign from Sonitapura-Indra’s worship of Lalita at Indra-prastha for subduing him-Bhanda’s attempt to disrupt Indra’s penance is thwarted by Lalita. 265b
13. Lalita-stavarajah: Eulogy of the Goddess through Lalitastavaraja, by the Gods. 267b
14. Madanakamesvara-pradurbhavah: Eulogy of the Goddess by Brahma and Vishnu-Incarnation of Siva as the handsome Madanakamesvara in line with the beautiful form of Lalita-The god’s proposal to Lalita to marry Siva. 268b
15. Lalita-vivahotsavah: Auspicious marriage of Lalita and Siva-Attendance of the gods and divine beings-Mention by the gods of the atrocities of Bhandasura. 269a
16. Lalita-sainya-sannahah: Goddess Lalita prepares to fight Bhanda-Description of the armed cavalry parading before Lalita under the captaincy of Asvarudha-Sakti. 270b
17. Dandanatha-vijayayatra: Description of the parading of varied foot-soldiers and armour under the captaincy of Dandanatha. 271b
18. Lalita-vijayayatra: War march of Goddess Lalita, with the army chanting Lalitapanchavimsati, ’25 names of Lalita’. 273a
19-20 Chakrarajadiratha-devata-pradarsanam: Description of the battle array of Lalita. 273b
21. Bhandasurahankarah: Beseige of the city of Bhanda-sura-Bhanda’s brother Vishanga suggests a cautious approach-He is overruled and the advice to fight by Kutilaksha accepted. 277a
22. Durmada-Kuranda-vadhah: Fight between Lalita’s general Sampatkari and Bhanda’s general Durmada and his brother Kuranda and the death of the latter two. 280b
23. Karankadi-pancha-senapati-vadhah: Bhanda confers with Kutilaksha and sends five generals, Karanka and others-The magic spell of Sarpini is also applied-But Lalita’s army thwarts them all by counterspells. 283a
24. Valahakadi-sapta-senapati-vadhah: Bhanda sends seven generals, Valahaka and others, with dazzling eyes but they are all slain by Dandanatha riding the chariot of darkness. 285b
25. Vishangapalayanam: Lamentations of Bhanda at the death of his generals at the hands of a woman-He sends his brother Vishanga and fifty generals during the night-Magic spells are also applied-Kutilaksha is slain and Vishanga flees the field at the dawn. 288a
26. Bhandaputra-vadhah: Lalita’s general Jvalamalini puts up a circular fence of flames round the battle-field-Bhanda’s sons are slain in the fight by the daughters of Lalita. 290b
27. Gananatha-parakramah: Visukra consoles the bereaved Bhanda, and the two fight a magic war-However, Lord Gananatha originating from the mouth of Lalita breaks the magic and Bhanda and Visukra flee. 293b
28. Visukra-Vishangavadhah: Bhanda’s sons Vishanga and Visukra, with a large army, confront Lalita-Lalita’s generals Dandini and Mantrini, riding on the Kirichakra and Geyachakra decimate the brothers and their army. 295a
29. Bhandasura-vadhah: Bhanda sets out with Kutilaksha and a large army-After a fierce fight Goddess Lalita slays them all. 298b
30. Madanapunarbhavah: Episode of Siva-Parvati-Karttikeya-Tarakavadha-Marriage of Indra’s daughter Devasena to Karttikeya. 302b
31. Saptakakshya-Matangakanya-Pradurbhavah: Construction by Visvakarma and Maya of seven divine cities for Goddess Lalita, Mantrini etc. 305a
32. Srinagaraprakasanam: Description of georgeous Srinagara, the city constructed for Lalita. 308a
33. Pushparaga-prakaradi-muktakaranta-saptakakshantara-kathanam: Description of Srinagara-Place allotted in the city for the devotees of Lalita, the Siddhas, Apsaras, Gorakshasetc.-Description of Rudraloka. 309b
34. Dikpaladi-Sivalokantara-kathanam: Worship of Lalita by Maharudra with other Rudras-Worship of Lalita in the different directions by others including Chandrasekhara. 312a
35. Mahapadmatavy-arghyasthapana-kathanam: Splendid sovereignty of Lalita, worship of the Goddess by the dazzling Martanda-Bhairava and the cool Moon, the advent of the Saktis in the Mahapadmatavi and the presence of Agni, Chandra, Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra in the city. 314a
36. Chintamanigrhantara-kathanam: Description of the Chintamanigrha, the residence of the Goddess-Her worship by the Saktis-Description of the omniscient and omnipotent chakra. 317a
37. Grharajantara-kathanam: Worship of Lalita in the georgeous Grharaja with eulogies-Descriptio of the splendrous beauty of Siva and Lalita. 319a
38. Mantraraja-sadhanaprakara-kathanam: Description of the beauteous form of Goddess Lalita and her efficacious worship. 321b
39. Kanchyam Kamakshi-varnanam: Glory of Goddess Kamakshi at Kanchipuram. 324a
40. Kanchipura-mahatmyam: The episode of Gauri closing the eyes of Siva in sport, when all activities in the world stop, at which Siva abandons Gauri-Gauri performs penance at Kanchi and is again united with Siva-The merit of a bath in the Kampa river in Kanchi and the worship of the Goddess Kamakshi. 326b
41. Srividya-yantropasana: Fulfilment of desires by the recital and meditation of Srividya. 330b
42. Devipujane mudrah: Merit of hand-poses during the worship of the Goddess. 332b
43. Devipujane diksha Sahasrakshara-vidya-sadhanam cha: Prescriptions for the worship of the Goddess with the Sahasrakshara-vidya-Teacher-pupil relationship in the imparting of the teaching. 333a
44. Devi puja-prakarah. Prescriptions of methods for the worship of the Goddess. 336a

 

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