Ethics is the study and evaluation of human
conduct in light of moral principles. The
present book deals with ethics in various
religions of the world.
Ethics is the study and evaluation of human conduct in light of
moral principles. Many theories regarding man’s conscience
and responsibility for his actions have developed. Intuitionists
like Rousseau argued that conscience is innate and intigates
moral action. Conte, Cocke, John Stuart Mill and other
Empiricists explained ethics as a by product of experience.
Idealists like Plato and Kant considered metaphysics as the
basis of ethics.
Philosophers consider ethics as a philosophy. Some
philosophers seek an absolute ethical criterion in religion.
Major religions have stressed the importance of ethics.
Religion, ethics and philosophy are interconnected. According
to Hinduism, moral, philosophical and religious activities have
the same goal - liberation/moksha. Religious vision gives
necessary guidance to all other pursuits. Also ethical conduct
and philosophical knowledge help the development of
spirituality. Without ethics and philosophy religion becomes
empty and in the same way without religious guidance, ethical
and philosophical endeavours became meaningless. Buddhism
lays many rules to conquer temptations. Chastity, non-
possession and non-violence are the three main rules of
Buddhist ethics. All cultures stress moral values or ethics.
Materialists, Hegel, Marx and others say that the state is the
arbiter of morals. Yet others believe that the individual
controls himself. In short ethics seeks to establish man’s
' essential nature based on his moral judgments of right and
wrong and of good and bad. It has been defined as the branch of
philosophy which examines human conduct and tries to answer
the question. What is the aim of man’s life? What is the Chief
goal of man’s activities? All religions recognise the importance
**Contents and Sample Pages**
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