The Anthropological Survey of India launched the People of India project on 2 October 1985 to generate an anthropological profile of all communities of Inda, the impact on them of change and development process, and the links that bring them together.
As part of this all-India project the ethnographic survey of all the communities of Haryana (82) was taken up in a collaboration with local scholars. The results of this study were discussed at the workshop held at Hissar in August, 1989.
Haryana emerged as a distinct region in the 13th century. Partition influenced the ethnographic scenario, with a large number of communities making Haryana their home. A distinct Haryanvi identity has now emerged. Among the outstanding features of Haryana is the high incidence of vegetarianism, levirate and village exogamy, a strong clan organisation, caste councils with their system of award and punishment and so on.
Haryana , the green land, has been in the forefront of development process, a progressive state with many a role model. Impact of change and development has been all pervasive. However there are structural constraints. The position of women is yet to improve. The benefits of development are yet to percolate to all the communities, particularly the smaller ones.
K.S. Singh is Former Director General of the Anthropological Survey of india
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