North Indian Temple Sculpture

North Indian Temple Sculpture

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Item Code: IAC24
Author: URMILA AGARWAL
Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 1995
ISBN: 8121504589
Pages: 214 (B & W Illus: 96, Figures: 146)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 11.0" X 8.9"
About the Book:

Sculptural study provides a clear window to the socio-economic and religious study of the past. North India is full of numerous temples of early medieval period (9th to 13th centuries AD). Contemporary temples in the south have already been covered by several authors but no such exhaustive study of the North Indian temples has been done. An attempt has been made in the present work, to study of the sculptural wealth of the North Indian temples and to glean from it such light as they throw on the iconographic and cultural life of the people.

The ingenuity of the sculptors in carving icons of rare beauty and arrangement of ayudhas of geometrical designs and human figures in the small friezes complete to the minutest details is commendable and to be wondered at. More so when we think of the ancient instruments and simple methods of working at their disposal.

The Pancadevas of Hindu mythology, Vaisnavas, Saiva and Sakta images: Surya and Ganesa, Kartikeya, Dikpalas, Navagrahas and Ganas, Yaksas and Surasundaris all have been studied in great details. The minor gods and goddesses like Nagadevas and Pisacas, Sitala and Manasa also find place in the study. Likewise Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are dealt in great detail including Jain ascetics like Bahubali and Adisvaraswami and famous Buddhist monk Nagarjuna.

Scenes relating to schooling of children, relations between husband and wife, economic life, war and political life, customs, habits and pastimes have also been studied.

About the Author:

Prof. Urmila Agarwal is an art historian. She was head of the History Department of Government Hamidia College, Bhopal and member of the Faculty of Arts, Academic Council and Chairperson, Board of Studies in Vikram and Bhopal universities. She was also post-doctoral fellow at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, where she also lectured extensively on Indian culture and history. She has also published khajuraho Sculpture and Their Significance and several articles in reputed journals.

CONTENTS
List of Plates

List of Illustrations

Preface

  1. INTRODUCTION
      Origin and Development of Temple Architecture
      Temples in the Eastern Zone
      Temples in the Central Zone
      Temples in the Western Zone
      Brief Historical Background of the Four Zones

  2. MAIN RELIGIOUS FEATURES OF NORTH INDIA
      Forms of Worship
      Linga and its Various Forms
      Intersect Relations
      Religious Toleration

  3. VISNU
      Twenty-four minor forms of Visnu
      Sesasayi Visnu
      Ten Incarnations

  4. SIVA
  5. SAKTI

  6. SURYA, GANESA, DIKPALAS AND NAVAGRAHAS
      Surya
      Ganesa
      Astadikpalas
      The Navagrahas

  7. OTHER HINDU GODS AND GODDESSES INCLUDING DEMIGODS
      Gods
      Goddesses
      Demigods
      Miscellaneous Gods
      Miscellaneous Goddesses

  8. JAINISM
      Tirthankaras
      Jain Yaksa Couples and Yaksas
      Yaksinis
      Sruta-devis
      Ayagapata
      Miscellaneous Jain Deities
      The Dikpalas
      Doubtful Jain Yaksas and Yaksinis

  9. BUDDHISM
      Buddha
      Bodhisattva
      Miscellaneous Deities
      Doubtful Gods
      Buddhist Goddesses
      Miscellaneous Goddesses
      Doubtful Goddesses

  10. SOCIAL LIFE
      Brahmacaryasrama
      Grhasthasrama
      Vanaprasthasrama
      Samnyasasrama

  11. DRESS, COSMETICS AND COIFFURE, ORNAMENTS, HOBBIES AND RECREATIONS
      Male Dress
      Female Dress
      Cosmetics and Coiffure
      Ornaments
      Hobbies and Recreations

  12. ECONOMIC LIFE

  13. POLITICAL LIFE AND WAR

  14. ART AND ARCHITECTURE
      How the Temples were Constructed
      Styles of Temple Construction
      Component Parts of a Temple
      General Features of Temple Sculptures
      Zonal Differences

  15. CONCLUSIONS
      Conspicuous Religious and Iconographic Features
      Social and Economic Life

APPENDIX: List of Ayudhas, Asanas and Mudras

Bibliography

Index


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