The valley is a good destination for study and research
of traditional art and culture. Numerous festivities and
'ceremonies manifesting native identity are among the
interesting subject matters that can be observed in the valley.
Together with them, there developed interesting forms of folk arts. They reflect various aspects of philosophy as the people
realized in life.
Various ritual functions are being celebrated during the
life time of individuals. Numerous religious processions and
festivals are being celebrated collectively with zeal and
passion, every year on definite dates. Newar communities
play important role in preserving the tradition.
Folk arts play great role and have deep influence in their
life. It is a matter of glory for the nation to demonstrate their
works of folk arts to the world. However, there is still a dearth
of adequate study on the subject of these folk arts.
Among the artists who are keeping the traditions alive,
the Pun or Chitrakar (the painter artist) community plays a
pivotal role. Almost every ritual or festival needs some special
work of art painted by a Pun.
Newar folk art Punjya has its own distinct space in the
glorious tradition of ancient Nepali art and culture. Newar
community along with the Puns have played very important
role in the development of this ancient art form.
With the changing socio-economic life of Newars, they
are gradually losing interest in practicing the rituals and in
observing festivities with the passion that the people
practiced in the past. The number of artists practicing the
traditional folk art are declining. There is high risk of this
beautiful and rich cultural heritage of Punjya being lost in
oblivion. It will be a great loss not only for the nation, but for
Everybody interested in Nepal should study the
contribution of folk artists to preserve and flourish the richness
of the art and culture of its people.
There is dearth of literature on the subject of the Newar
folk art Punjya. The importance of having an illustrated book
on the subject of this traditional art form is being seriously
realized. However, it is a very challenging task to meet the
folk artists and collect sufficient materials come up with a
book of substance and standard.
The present book is but an attempt to introduce the
traditional folk art Punjya and explain the contributions in
the field from Newar folk artist Pun.
The main objective of this book is to collect various
samples of Punjya art, mention when they are used and
explain their characteristics. It provides information about
Pun or Chitrakar community in their contribution to Nepalese
folk arts. Newar folk art punjya is not the sole property of only
one community or caste. It is the common cultural heritage.
Thus, it is the time for all of us to rise to preserve this art.
In addition to punjya, which completes the identity of
Pun artists, the brief introduction of other genres of folk arts
like Paubha painting and mask are also included in the book.
This research mostly uses primary sources like the
information collected from the direct interaction and interview
with the senior Pun artists. The information on techniques
and art materials are taken by visiting the working place or
workshop of Punjya. Photographs of punjyas have been
taken and in some cases, figures have been drawn by the
researcher and explained when they are used for which
religious ritual and purpose.
To give general introduction of Pun community,
secondary sources like books, magazines and newspapers
related to art and culture have been used. The study also
uses the sources like published text related to Hindu and
Buddhist deities and their iconology, the research papers
on Pun community.
Book's Contents and Sample Pages
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