Temples of Palakkad District (A Big Book) An Old and Rare Book

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Item Code: NAC075
Author: S. Jayashanker
Publisher: Census of India Special Studies - Kerala
Edition: 2005
Pages: 905 (108 Color Illustrations with Maps)
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 11.5 inch X 8.5 inch
Weight 2.70 kg
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Book Description


The Indian Census Organisation is generally well known to both the national and international community of social scientists as one, which collects, processes and disseminates tabulated data on population characteristics through the decennial population censuses. However, one of the strong pillars on which the organisation has built up its reputation in the field of social sciences are the inter-censal studies undertaken on a variety of subjects which touch the life of the people, reflecting the culture and the organisation of the Indian society. Whereas the pro-independent censuses were predisposed for their in depth investigation into the social and anthropological characteristics of the Indian population, the post independent censuses have attempted to undertake studies on more diverse socio-culture topics. Far example, the monographs on the Fairs and Festivals of India, Village and Town studies have contributed to a better understanding of the social fabric of the Indian society. The current study ‘Temples of Palakkad District’ is a similar effort and forms an integral part of the ‘Temples of Kerala’ study already completed by the Organisation. Shri S. Jayashanker, who retired after a very distinguished innings as Deputy Director of Census Operations, Kerala, has authored the present volume. His devotion, commitment and dedication reinforce and add to the great census tradition of bringing out unique monographs on subjects of topical interest through special studies, The present work reflects the painstaking efforts of Shri Jayashanker has single handedly undertaken over the past several years (post retirement) in data collection and providing a vivid description on the temples of the region. The earlier volume “Temples of Kerala” has been received with much admiration and some sense of surprise as to how the Census Organisation continues to churn out such scholarly, fascinating and comprehensive volumes.

Temples have been the life line of an important and significant segment of the Indian society from times immemorial and in a way not only reflect the religious feelings of the community but also depict it graphically in an outstanding architectural form. The present set of volume enumerates and describes at length in text form the ‘Temples of Palakkad District’. This obviously was a Herculean effort but has been carried out meticulously by the author with a great sense of devotion and commitment. The photographs, diagrams, maps, glossary and transliteration provide rich background and reference material and considerably enhance the value of the publication the common reader and the distinguished one as well, I am confident that this rich collection which in a sense remained largely unknown till date, will invoke a great sense of satisfaction and admiration both by the discriminating mind and those who have Interest in study of the Indian culture and the temple architecture. This effort, therefore, should further enrich the existing literature in the domain of social sciences and make the temples of Kerala well known to the world.

The chief glory of Palakkad district is the long and continuous array of the majestic Sahyadri (Western Ghats) with a sole break of 30 km. There are two famous valleys of great importance in this mountainous range, the Silent Valley Biosphere and the Attappadi Valley, both helping a visitor to enjoy the serene, flawless, inimitable and impersonal beauty of nature. The unique Palakkad Gap has paved the way for shaping the destiny of the district by allowing the general powers of Vijayanagar, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta, Chera, Chola etc. to enter Kerala through this Gap in early centuries and Mysorean rulers in later centuries. The district is greatly influenced by the synthesis of cultures of Kerala and Tamilakam by adopting their traditional rituals and practices. It is of historical importance that the district has in it the oldest temple of Kerala, Sree Varahamoortty temple at Panniyoor, which dates back to 700 B.C. There is also a wide spectrum of deities belonging to Saivite, Vaishnavite and Sakti mode of worship. The spectacular and attractive festivals in the temples of the district provide an opportunity to the people to witness almost all the folk art forms prevalent in the region. The monograph is a treasure as it brings out the details of about two thousand temples of the district at the beginning of the twenty first century.


The monograph on Temples of Kerala which was published earlier covered the general aspects on temples in Kerala like history of temples over the last two thousand years. e of worship, architectural features, iconography of idols, deva-prasam, temple ‘—rites priesthood, temple, customs, offerings, temple administration, ritualistic and —performing, arts, carvings and paintings etc. This volume, the sixth In the series of district c. is an addendum to the monograph on Temples of Kerala and It attempts to cover an account of the temples of Pãlakkãd (Pãlakkãt) district.

The background of taking up this exhaustive study needs little elaboration. The C-s Organization of India undertook a study on Temples of Madras State as an ancillary study of the 1961 census. This study evoked keen interest among scholars, the Government and statutory bodies of Kerala etc. Late Sree R. Vasudëva Poduvãl a renowned Atibo1ogIst, requested the Registrar General, India (late Sree A. Chandrasëkha) as early 1969 to launch a study on temples of Kerala similar to the one that was conducted In Madras state and the latter readily agreed to this suggestion. But the study could not be taken up due to heavy pressure of work in connection with the 1971 census. In 1973, me Travancore Dëvaswam Board also came up with a similar request but the backlog of census work of 1971 census stood in the way in launching the study. In 1979 the Advisor to the Government of Kerala on Temples and Traditional Arts again requested the director of Census Operations to commence the study. But again some unforeseen circumstances prevented the organization from taking up the study. However, In May 1990, the Government of Kerala again requested the Census Directorate to take up a detailed survey on Temples of Kërala and the Registrar General (Sree A.R. Nanda I.A.S.) directed to commence the survey In June 1991.

For canvassing the data a schedule was designed in consultation with tantris, silpis etc., besides incorporating the valuable suggestions given by Sree A.R. Nanda, I.A.S. (former Registrar General, India), late Dr. K. P. Ittaman (former Deputy Registrar General, india) and late Sree K.C. Nãrãyana Kurup (former Deputy Director of Census Operations, Madras). The schedules were printed in September 1991 and the, work commenced.

Originally it was decided to collect data of temples by mailing the schedules to temple authorities of statutory bodies and collecting details by deputing trained field staff to temples exclusively managed by private individuals and institutions. But this procedure did not work well as the response from the statutory bodies was found defective as the filled-in schedules had both content and coverage errors. Therefore in March 1992 it was decided to engage a small team of trained staff (of the Directorate of Census Operations, Kerala) for the field-study. The survey covered all temples which are open to public, irrespective of whether they are owned by statutory bodies, private institutions, families or Individuals.

The procedure for the collection of data for the survey deserves special mention. The staff deputed for this study was directed to visit all panchaayatts, village offices and note down the names and location of all temples. They were then directed to visit all such temples located In every nook and corner of the panchaayatt, some of which situated even in dense forests and in areas Inaccessible by roads, apart from making local enquiries on any possible omissions. These visits and enquiries helped them to prepare a Directory (presented as Section 3) of all temples open to public and collect data regarding the name, location, principal deity, antiquity, structural type of main sreekovil, time of worship and poojas, utsavam/festival besides details on ownership/management.

Further based on certain criteria i.e., all the temples having swayambhoo (self- revealed) idols and other important temples depending on number of prãkãras, architectural excellence, number of poojas, antiquity and number of worshippers were selected for detailed study. It may be said that great care has been taken to include almost all Important temples based on these criteria and the data so collected through a separate detailed schedule are presented in Section 2 (Salient features of important temples) of this monograph. This does not mean that other temples are unimportant. But the more prominent ones based on the above mentioned specified criteria were given due weight age. Section 1 gives an overall review and analysis on temples of Palakkad district with a backdrop on geographical setting, historical and other aspects.

It is worthwhile to mention here the limitations of the data. The informants, mainly temple authorities, were generally co-operative. However, some of them were reluctant to provide details fearing that their private temples might be taken over by the Government and they took the stand that those temples were exclusively used by family members and not open to public. On the other hand some Insisted on having their temples enumerated hoping to get some financial assistance for their family temples at a later stage. Another difficulty encountered by the field staff was that very often they had to go to the same temple several times to collect details as the temples were kept open only for specified hours (either morning or noon or evening) or on specified days besides non-availability of reliable Informants. Similarly it was difficult to verify the claim of informants on the data of antiquity and myths associated with those temples. In spite of these limitations every effort was made to collect detailed data as one could.

The field-survey of Pãlakkãd district was done at different periods during 1992-97 and, therefore, subsequent changes on structures, idols etc. have not been incorporated in this monograph except in few cases where re-visits were done. The data thus collected through the field-survey is published in this monograph. The earlier proposed title of the monograph, i.e., Temple Directory (mentioned in the first monograph - Temples of Kerala), had to be changed in the District monographs consequent on the introduction of a section dealing with the General background of temples of the district. Thus this volume has three sections viz. Section 1: General Background, Section 2: Salient features on important’ temples and Section3: Temple Directory (which covers list of all temples m the district).

The field survey was initially monitored by Sree K. Sivaramakrishna Iyer (former Assistant Director of Census Operations). The field staff Included Sarvasree R. Chandrachoodan, M. Chandraëkharan, MR. Sukumaran Nair, Thampi N. Suresh, G. Sivadãsan and R. Mãdhavan Nair of the Census Directorate and Sree M. Narãyanan kutty who was taken on deputation to the Census Directorate. The tireless team work of the field staff is highly commendable. The wholehearted dedication in spite of several odds of travelling through difficult terrain on foot withstanding the onslaughts of climate deserves special mention. At the time of writing this volume I had to again utilize the services of Sree G. Sivadãsan, Statistical Investigator of the Census Directorate. I take this opportunity to record my great appreciation for his invaluable contribution.

I am ever grateful to all those temple authorities and the informants who willingly furnished data to the field staff. But for their contributions the report would not have been brought to light.

The major task of, translation of data of the Temple Directory (Section 3) into English and presenting It in the final format was done painstakingly and with great dedication by Sree K. Sivarãmakrishna Iyer, former Assistant Director of Census Operations. The entire credit of this well presented basic data goes to him. I do not know how to express my sincere appreciation and gratitude to his dedicated services.

The general background (Section 1) and salient features on important temples (Section 2) and other items like Glossary, Annexure etc. were written by the author himself by utilizing the field-data, besides many published and unpublished reports. The brunt of the work of reading the proof and giving valuable suggestions were gladly and conscientiously undertaken by my wife Prof. A. Anandam. I have no words to thank her.

It is my pleasant duty to acknowledge the co-operation extended to me by officers and staff of the Census Directorate. In the initial stages I got full encouragement from late Sree N.M. Samuel, I.A.S., Director of Census Operations, Kerala. Mrs. Sheela Thomas, LAS who succeeded him as Director of Census Operations was indeed very helpful in the continuation of the project and the bringing of this monograph to light. I am greatly indebted to both of them. My earlier colleagues in the Census Directorate also greatly helped me in bringing out this monograph. However I would like to mention my sincere appreciation and special thanks to V. Thulasëdharan, Senior Draftsman, who has meticulously drawn the rough maps of taluks and in designing plates of photographs in this monograph.

The keying of data, lay-out of pages and preparing camera-ready copy of this volume were conscientiously done by Sree G.S. Sudheer Kumãr ‘as a love for labour. I am deeply impressed by his stupendous work and place on record my profound thanks to him. The photographs on the temples of the district were taken by Sree Santosh, Channãnkara, Still Photographer. I express my appreciation and thanks to him.

Now it is my pleasant duty to thank the officers and staff of the office of the Registrar General, India, particularly Mr. B. Malilk (Joint Registrar General / Joint Secretary), Dr. R.P. Singh (Deputy Registrar General, Map Division) and Mr. C. Chakravorty (Joint Director), Mr. Bal Krishan (Deputy Director) and the Printing Section for their great help in bringing out this volume.

It is my great privilege to acknowledge my unfailing obligations I owe to Dr. M. Vijayanunni, I.A.S., former Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, who had always guided me by giving his valuable advice and helped me a lot by his timely interventions at a critical juncture when the project was about to be shelved. His involvement and vision have paved the way in completing the field work and publication of earlier three monographs viz. Temples of Kerala, Temples of Kasaragöd district and Temples of Kanoor district) on this subject well in time. I am ever grateful to him for laying the foundation for this project which brings out the cultural heritage of Kërala.

Shri Jayant Kumar Banthia, I.A.S., the Registrar General, India, was very generous, extremely considerate and greatly helpful to solve many problems associated with the printing and release of the three District monographs (Temples of Wayanad district, Temples Kozhikkode district and Temples of Malappuram district). I am particularly grateful to him for providing a valuable Foreword for this monograph. I am sure that this monograph will indeed be useful for the posterity. On behalf of the future users of these monographs I express my deep gratitude to him.

While writing this volume I have experienced the Divine Grace of the Almighty and boundless blessings of Gurus and I have no words to express my deep feelings. I humbly pray for their continued benediction.

The views expressed in this monograph are my own and do not necessarily represent the views of the Government of India.

The author is happy if the monograph can be of some use as a background document on the subject for administrators, devotees and the general public.




  Geographical setting (3) – History of the district (7) – People and religious composition (14) Mode of worship (19) – Antiquity of temples (20) – Temple architecture (25) – Carvings and paintings (30) – Administration of temples (31) – Classification of temples (33) – Types of idols (36) – Deities (36) – Sakti-kalpa (38) – Vishnu kalpa (41) – Siva kalpa (41) – Lord Siva (42) – Lord Vettakkorumakan or Kiratasoonu (43) – Sree Kshetrapalan (43) – Ganapati kalpa (43) – Subramanya kalpa (43) – Sasta and Ayyappa kalpa (44) – Sree Lakshmi-Narayana (44) – Sree Arddhanareswara/Uma-Maheswara (44) – Sacred groves and Naga worship (45) – Other varied kalpas (45) – Lord Hanuman (45) – Spirit-cult (46) – Ashta-dikpalas and Navagrahas (47) – Time of worship and poojas (48) – Offerings (49) – Monthly and annual festivals (51) – Utsavam (52) – Talappoli (53) – Kalam-patt (53) – Tara and Pootan (55) – Tolpava-koottu (55) – Priesthood and temple staff (56) – Priests (56) – Tantris (56) – Santikkars (57) – Kazhakakkars (58) – Remuneration to temple staff (58) – Role of Government and administration (59) – Coverage of temples (60) – Some unique features (61) – Conclusion (61)  
  Diagram 1 : Lay-out of temple 62-63
  Diagram 2 : Pratishtha point in the garbha-grham 64
  Diagram 3 : Positions of bali-peethas in the antar-mandalam 65
  Annexure : Villages/towns falling in physio-geographic regions 66
  1 Ottappalam taluk 69-250
1. Sree (Kotalil) Maha Vishnu (Vamanamoorthy) temples, Perumbalam 69
2. Sree Siva temple, Anakkara 70
3. Sree Varahamoortty temple, Panniyoor 72
4. Sree (Malamal kaav) Sasta temple, Malamakkaav 76
5. Sree Siva temple, Neyyoor 79
6. Sree (Kurinni kaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Kootalloor 80
7. Sree Siva temple, Kallatattoor 81
8. Sree (Poovillasseri) Garudaroodha Vishnu temple, Aaloor 84
9. Sree (Chamundi kaav) Bhagavati temple, Aaloor 86
10. Sree (Mulayamparambatt kaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Chalisseri 88
11. Sree (Komangalam) Siva temple, Vavanoor 89
12. Sree Bhagavati temple, Aamakkav 91
13. Sree (Panayanneeri) Ramaswamy temple, Peringot 92
14. Sree (Tirumittakkot) Narasimhamoortty temple, Karukaputtoor 94
15. Sree Siva temple, Akilanam 96
16. Sree Siva-Maha Ganapati temple, Perinkannoor 97
17. Sree (Trkkarangat) Siva temple, Nellikkattiri 99
18. Sree Anchumoortty temple, Tirumittakkot 101
19. Sree Siva temple, Trttala 104
20. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Nangattiri 106
21. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Kannanoor 108
22. Sree Yajneswara temple, Pattittara 110
23. Sree (Etappatta kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Kannat 112
24. Sree Krshna temple, Pallippuram 113
25. Sree (Kotikunnu) Bhagavati temple, Pallippuram 115
26. Sree Ayyappa temple, Mutappakkat 117
27. Sree Maha Siva-Sankaranarayana-Maha Vishnu temple, Tiruvegappura 118
28. Sree Siva temple, Netungootoor 122
29. Sree (Cholakkavil) Siva temple, Chembra 123
30. Sree Bhrantanpara (Bhrantachalam) Vana-Durga temple, Kaippuram 124
31. Sree (Rayiranalloor) Durga Bhagavati temple, Natuvattam 126
32. Sree (Vilangott kaav) Bhagavati temple, Vilayoor 127
33. Sree (Malayil) Vana-Durga temple, Rayiranalloor 129
34. Sree (Mangampulli) Ayyappankaav, Mannengot 130
35. Sree (Hariharakunnu) Siva temple ( Nagattankotta), Koppam 131
36. Sree (Ammannoor) Subramanyaswamy temple, Kozhikottiri 132
37. Sree (Me-Trkkovil) Subramanya temple, Kotumunta 134
38. Sree (Ingayoor) Ihapureswari (Durga) temple, Perumutiyoor 135
39. Sree Siva temple, Perumutiyoor 137
40. Sree (Netunganat) Muttassiyar Kaav, Perumutiyoor 139
41. Sree (Kai-tali) Mahadeva temple, Neterimangalam 141
42. Sree (Patinnare matham) Guruvayoorappan temple, Pattambi 143
43. Sree (Trttantonni) Siva temple, Vatanamkurissi 145
44. Sree (Chenganam kunnu) Durga Bhagavati temple, Kolliparamb 146
45. Sree (Tali) Mahadeva temple, Ongalloor 148
46. Sree (Taliyil) Maha-Siva-Ganapati temple, Ongalloor 150
47. Sree Siva temple, Kuruvattoor 151
48. Sree (Pantal) Mahadeva temple, Cherukot 153
49. Sree (Penoor) Siva temple, Choorakkot 154
50. Sree Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Mulayankaav 155
51. Sree (Perum-Trkkovil) Siva temple, Mulayankaav 157
52. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Pulakkat 159
53. Sree Siva temple, Nellaya 160
54. Sree (Puttanalukkal) Bhagavati temple, Cherppulasseri 161
55. Sree Ayyappan kaav, Cherppulasseri 163
56. Sree (Vellottukurissi) Ayyappa temple, Cherppulasseri 165
57. Sree (Tirumullappulli) Siva temple, Karalmanna 166
58. Sree Antimahakalan kaav, Karalmanna 168
59. Sree Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Toota 170
60. Sree (Kantaloor) Krshna temple, Vellinezhi 171
61. Sree (Chenganikottu kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Vellinezhi 173
62. Sree (Trppulikkal) Siva temple, Vellinezhi 174
63. Sree (Vakkala kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Tirunarayanapuram 175
64. Sree (Utrattil kaav) Bhadrakali temple, Tiruvazhiyot 176
65. Sree (Chunaykal) Siva temple, Teruvakkonam 178
66. Sree (Mangot kaav) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Mangot 180
67. Sree Moonnu-moortty temple, Trkkateeri 181
68. Sree (Chakkimura) Ayyappa temple, Pakaravoor 183
69. Sree (Kalikaav) Bhagavati temple, Pariyanampatta 185
70. Sree Bhagavati temple, Pariyanampatta 185
71. Sree Siva temple, Kattukulam 188
72. Sree (Kotarmanna) Lakshmanaswamy temple, Punchappatam 190
73. Sree (Pulinkaav) Sasta temple, Punchappatam 191
74. Sree (Meloor) Ayyappan kaav, Easwaramangalam 192
75. Sree (Pacchayil) Siva temple, Mannampatta 193
76. Sree Siva temple, Nilavilikunnu 195
77. Sree Krshna temple, Sreekrshnapuram 196
78. Sree Vamanamoortty (Vishnu) temple, Perumangot 198
79. Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Easwaramangalam 199
80. Sree Ramaswamy temple, Karimpuzha 201
81. Sree (Kootikkaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Karimpuzha 203
82. Sree (Poovvakkot) Siva (Arddhanareswara) temple, Kottappuram 204
83. Sree (Tiruvalayanat) Bhagavati temple, Kottappuram 206
84 Sree (Tottuvaya) Siva temple, Pulapatta 207
85 Sree (Mokshatt) Siva temple, Pulapatta 208
86 Sree (Tiruvambalam) Subramanyaswamy temple, Aalangat 210
87 Sree Siva temple, Vettekkara 211
88 Sree (Pazhangot) Vishnu (Narasimhamoortty) temple, Vettekkara 212
89 Sree Arddhanareeswara (Vayilakunnilappan) temple, Katambazhippuram 213
90 Sree (Vayilakunnu) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Katambazhippuram 216
91 Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Katambazhippuram 218
92 Sree (Palekkavil) Ayyappan kaav, Cherumuntasseri 219
93 Sree (Putukulangara) Bhagavti temple, Vengasseri 220
94 Sree (Cherambatta) Mookambika kaav, Kotakurissi 221
95 Sree (Trechaman Trkkovil) Siva temple, Chalavara 223
96 Sree Cheru-Mulayan kaav Bhadrakali temple, Kayiliyat 224
97 Sree (Mahadevamangalam) Siva temple, Paruttipra 225
98 Sree Siva temple, Shoranoor 227
99 Sree (Eruppe) Siva temple, Kavalappara 229
100 Sree Sankaranarayana (Rantumoortty) temple, Trkkangot 230
101 Sree (Kurumba) Bhagavati temple, Chorottoor 232
102 Sree (Akleswara) Mahadeva temple, Aaramkulam 234
103 Sree (Killikulangara) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Kanniyampuram 236
104 Sree Sankaranarayanaswamy temple, Panamanna 239
105 Sree (Vengeri) Mahadeva temple, Ottappalam 241
106 Sree (Chinakkattoor) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Palappuram 242
107 Sree (Killikkurissimangalam) Mahadeva (Dakshinamoortty) temple, Lakkiti 245
108 Sree (Kaippayil) Mahadeva temple, Peroor 247
109 Sree Bhagavati temple, Akaloor 249
  2 Mannarkkat taluk 251-292
1 Sree (Panamkurissi) Bhagavati temple, Chettalloor 251
2 Sree Krshna temple, Chettalloor 255
3 Sree (Kurumali kaav) Vishnu-Bhagavati temple, Tacchanattukara 257
4 Sree (Keezh-Trkkovil) Siva temple, Alanalloor 259
5 Sree (Nemminippuratt) Ayyappan kaav, Alanalloor 260
6 Sree (Mel-Trkkovil) Subramanyaswamy temple, Alanalloor 261
7 Sree (Naralatt) Ramaswamy temple, Alanalloor 263
8 Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Bheemanat 264
9 Sree Vana-Durga temple, Kumaramputtoor 266
10 Sree (Tonippuram) Sasta temple, Payyanetam 267
11 Sree (Eananimangalam) Siva temple, Payyanetam 268
12 Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Payyanetam 270
13 Sree Dharmar kovil, Mannarkkat 271
14 Sree (Udayarkunnu) Bhagavati temple, Arakkurussi 273
15 Sree (Peranchatt) Arddhanareeswara temple, Perimbatari 274
16 Sree (Mukkannam) Siva temple, Viyyakurissi 276
17 Sree Subramanyaswamy temple, Trkkaloor 277
18 Sree (Irattakkulam) temple, Pottasseri 278
19 Sree Malleswaran (Siva) kovil, Chemmannoor 280
20 Sree Kiratamoortty temple, Mutukurissi 282
21 Sree (Kannakurissi) Krshna temple, Karakurissi 283
22 Sree (Chullisseri) Ramaswamy temple, Vazhamburam 284
23 Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Pallikkurup 286
24 Sree (Tuppanat) Subramanyaswamy temple, Kallatikkot 288
25 Sree (Kutappulli) Krshna temple, Kallatikkot 290
26 Sree (Kattusseri) Ayyappan kaav, Kallatikkot 291
  3 Palakkat taluk 293-390
1 Sree (Cherukunnu) Bhagavati temple, Kuntuvampatam 293
2 Sree (Trkkoil) Subramanyaswamy temple, Peringot 295
3 Sree Tirumandhamkunnu Bhagavati temple, Kongat 297
4 Sree (Kallapati) Siva-Vishnu temple, Keralasseri 299
5 Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Keralasseri 300
6 Sree Yakki kaav, Keralasseri 301
7 Sree (Ayyanari) Ayyappa temple, Tatukkasseri 302
8 Sree (Nagamkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kuntalasseri 303
9 Sree (Tirunelli) Sankaranarayana temple, Kuntalasseri 305
10 Sree (Tirunarayanapuram) Maha Vishnu temple, Nagarippuram 306
11 Sree (Malankulangara) Siva temple, Nagarippuram 308
12 Sree (Kayamukunnatt) Bhadrakali temple, Mannoor 309
13 Sree (Vatavarkottukurissi) Siva temple, Mannoor 312
14 Sree (Kalikaav) Bhadrakali temple, Mankara 313
15 Sree Bhagavati temple, Mankurussi 315
16 Sree (Karatimala) Vana-Durga temple, Kalloor 316
17 Sree (Punnakurissi) Siva temple, Kalloor 317
18 Sree (Trppamkunnu) Siva temple, Pariyasseri 318
19 Sree (Vembalatt) Maha Deva temple, Kinavalloor 320
20 Sree (Tekkiniyetatt) Siva temple, Kinavalloor 321
21 Sree (Ayyarmala) Chidambareswaraswamy temple, Tenoor 322
22 Sree (Tiruvanchi) Siva temple, Tenoor 324
23 Sree (Natuvasseri) Siva temple, Otannoor 325
24 Sree (Chenkattoor) Siva-Sasta temple (Ayyappan kaav), Etattara 326
25 Sree (Tevarvattam) Subramanyaswamy temple, Etattara 328
26 Sree (Palakeezh) Bhagavati temple, Muntoor 329
27 Sree (Vikramunteswaram) Siva temple, Muntoor 331
28 Sree (Kunnappullikaav) Bhadrakali temple, Ezhakkat 333
29 Sree Siva temple, Ezhakkat 334
30 Sree (Chettilvettiya) Bhagavati temple, Dhoni 336
31 Sree (Eamoor) Hemambika temple, Kallekulangara 337
32 Sree (Chendamangalam) Siva temple, Kallekulangara 340
33 Sree Siva temple, Katukkankunnu 341
34 Sree (Tontarkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kallepulli 342
35 Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Chattapuram 343
36 Sree Viswanathaswamy temple, Kalpatti 345
37 Sree Vaidyanathaswamy temple, Vaidyanathapuram 347
38 Sree Lakshminarayanaswamy temple, Sekharapuram 348
39 Sree (Manappulli kaav) Bhagavati temple, East Yakkara 350
40 Sree Visweswara temple, Yakkara 351
41 Sree Sasta temple, Tirunellayi 353
42 Sree (Kachamkulam) Bhagavati temple, Tirupurakkal 355
43 Sree Vishnu-Tirupurakkal Bhagavati temple, Vatakkantara 358
44 Sree Chandranathaswamy temple (Jain temple), Palakkat 360
45 Sree Guruvayoorappan temple, Palakkat 362
46 Sree (Kizhakkancheri) Bhagavati temple, Kallekkat 365
47 Sree (Kakkot) Bhagavati temple, Kotuntirappulli 366
48 Sree (Agastyanalloor) Siva temple, Attaloor 368
49 Sree Subramanyaswamy temple, Kotumb 369
50 Sree (Chemattiya) Bhagavati temple, Kotumb 372
51 Sree (Tiruvalattoor) Rantumoortty Bhagavati temple, Kotumb 374
52 Sree (Oottukulangara) Bhagavati temple, Peruvamba 377
53 Sree (Paloor) Siva temple, Palatulli 379
54 Sree (Perumkurissi) Siva temple, Polpulli 381
55 Sree (Parukkancheri) Bhagavati temple, Pallateri 382
56 Sree (Varanapuri) Siva temple, Elappulli 384
57 Sree (Netumbrayoor Devarmatham) Siva temple, Putusseri 385
58 Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Putusseri 386
59 Sree Maha Siva temple, Kanchikkot 389
  4 Chittoor taluk 391-452
1 Sree Siva temple, Kakkayoor 391
2 Sree (Nocchoor) Bhagavati temple, Kotuvayoor 393
3 Sree (Tiruvalayanat) Bhagavati temple, Kotuvayoor 395
4 Sree (Keralapuram) Viswanathaswamy temple, Kotuvayoor 396
5 Sree Bhagavati temple, Chittoor 399
6 Sree (Lankeswaram) Siva temple, Chittoor 404
7 Sree (Kakkurussi) Siva temple, Tattamangalam 406
8 Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Tattamangalam 407
9 Sree (Tekke Gramam) Ramaswamy temple, Chittoor 408
10 Sree (Cherubala Kenampulli mala) Siva temple, Chittoor 410
11 Sree (Appupillayoor) Ayyappa temple, Nellepilli 411
12 Sree (Parijatapuram) Vishnu temple, Nalleppilli 412
13 Sree (Viswamaruli) Siva temple, Nalleppilli 412
14 Sree (Boyattara Vetappatti) Muttumariyamman kovil, Kozhinnampara 415
15 Sree Siva temple, Kozhinnampara 416
16 Sree Krshna temple, Menonpara 417
17 Sree Siva temple, Pattancheri 418
18 Sree Vana-Sasta temple, Pattancheri 420
19 Sree Varadaraja Perumal temple, Aalampallam 421
20 Sree (Pokkunni) Siva temple, Vatavannoor 322
21 Sree (Tiruvilwampatta) Siva temple, Vatavannoor 424
22 Sree Santana Gopalakrshnaswamy temple, Pallassana 425
23 Sree (Pazhaya kaav) Meenkulatti Bhagavati temple, Pallassana 426
24 Sree (Trpallavoor) Siva temple, Pallavoor 428
25 Sree (Nellikkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Vallangi 431
26 Sree Siva temple, Pottunti 433
27 Sree (Putugramam) Maha Ganapati temple, Nenmara 434
28 Sree (Srngeswaram) Maha Vishnu temple, Chattamangalam 435
29 Sree Siva (Akhileswaraswamy) temple, Ayiloor 437
30 Sree Narasimhamoortty temple, Tiruvazhiyat 439
31 Sree (Tevarkulam) Siva temple, Elavancheri 441
32 Sree (Peringottkaav) Bhagavati temple, Elavancheri 442
33 Sree Siva temple, Cherapuram 443
34 Sree Viswanathaswamy temple, Panangattiri 445
35 Sree (Tirukacchamkurissi) Maha Vishnu temple, Payyaloor 446
36 Sree (Putugramam) Viswanatha temple, Kollankot 449
37 Sree (Pulikkot) Ayyappan kaav, Kollankot 451
  5 Aalattoor taluk 453-508
1 Sree (Mannatt) Bhagavati temple, Peringottukurissi 453
2 Sree (Trttamara) Siva temple, Paruttippulli 454
3 Sree Jala-Durga temple, Perinkulangara 456
4 Sree (Chambrankulangara) Bala-Sasta temple, Kottayi 457
5 Sree (Irattakkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Mattoor 459
6 Sree Dakshinamoortty temple, Mattoor 460
7 Sree (Valavasseri) Nageswar (Siva) temple, Chunkamandam 461
8 Sree (Azhakotta) Mahadeva temple, Kuzhalmandam 462
9 Sree Siva temple, Tenkurissi 463
10 Sree Durga-Parameswari temple, Vilayanchattanoor 465
11 Sree Sankaranarayana temple, Ilamandam 466
12 Sree (Pookkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kunisseri 467
13 Sree Siva temple, Trppaloor 469
14 Sree Dakshinamoortty temple, Kuttannoor 472
15 Sree (Kizhakketara) Bhagavati temple, Kuttannoor 473
16 Sree Siva temple, Mannattoor 474
17 Sree (Amma Tiruvati) Bhagavati temple, Tolannoor 476
18 Sree (Mangottukaav) Bhadrakali temple, Attippotta 477
19 Sree (Poomullimana) Siva temple, Vavunyapuram 479
20 Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Taroor 480
21 Sree (Parakkat) Bhagavati temple, Patoor 481
22 Sree (Parakkat) Bhagavati temple, Kavasseri 482
23 Sree (Tazhekkatt) Bhagavati temple, Melarkot 484
24 Sree (Mattoor - Tantalot) Siva temple, Vantazhi 485
25 Sree (Azhikulangara) Bhagavati temple, Mutappalloor 407
26 Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Mutappalloor 489
27 Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Kakkasseri 490
28 Sree Mahadeva temple, Tiruvara 491
29 Sree Ayyapa-Krshna temple, Karumanasseri 494
30 Sree (Kotakkatt kaav) Bhagavati temple, Vatakkancheri 495
31 Sree (Tekkegramam) Dharma Sasta temple, Mangalam 499
32 Sree Anchumoortty temple, Anchumoortty Mangalam 500
33 Sree (Ayyappankaav) Sasta temple, Nattukal 503
34 Sree Narasimhamoortty temple, Rshinaradamangalam 504
35 Sree Bhagavati temple, Putukkot 506
1 Ottappalam taluk 510-563
  Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages 510
  Rough map (facing key to map)  
  Directory 511
2 Mannarkkat taluk 614-649
  Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages 614
  Rough map (facing key to map)  
  Directory 615
3 Palakkat taluk 650-721
  Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages  
  Rough map (facing key to map)  
  Directory 651
4 Chittoor taluk 722-803
  Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages  
  Rough map (facing key to map)  
  Directory 723
5 Aalattoor taluk 804-857
  Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages  
  Rough map (facing key to map)  
  Directory 805
  GLOSSARY 863-888
  PHOTOGRAPHS Between pages 508 and 509
  Ottappalam taluk (plates 1-38), Mannarkkat taluk (39-48), Palakkat taluk (49-76), Chittoor taluk (77-94) and Aalattoor (95-108)  
  Front cover : Sree (Tirukacchamkurissi) Maha Vishnu temple, Payyaloor  
  Back cover : Peepul tree with a swayambhoo idol of Lord Ayyappa inside it (Sree Sankaranarayana (Rantumoortty) temple, Trkkangot)  

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