This phenomenal manifestation of Shiva visualizes mankind as the Rigveda had visualized it long back "what you describe to me as Male are in reality also Female . He who has the penetrating eyes of the mind discerns this truth". The existence is essentially composed of two sets of diverse elements, which Shiva as Sadashiva and Adipurusha blends in his form and represents. Everyone born is either a male or a female, the Adipurusha Shiva, the Sadashiva, the ever present benevolent One, is the total, all that is masculine and all that is feminine. West's inseparable union of male and female seen in the form of Cupid and Psyche is the unity of two in two forms. In Ardhanarishvara this unity is in one form. Vedas and other ancient texts have talked of this unity time and again and the modern scientist and psychologist is amazed at such a vide and scientific concept of Ardhanarishvara or the union of male and female as one being.
This description by Prof. P.C. Jain and Dr. Daljeet. Prof. Jain specializes on the aesthetics of literature and is the author of numerous books on Indian art and culture. Dr. Daljeet is the curator of the Miniature Painting Gallery, National Museum, New Delhi. They have both collaborated together on a number of books.