Existence and Yoga

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Item Code: IDK848
Author: Lalit Kilam and Manju Kilam
Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.
Language: English
Edition: 2008
ISBN: 9788171103331
Pages: 388
Cover: Hardcover
Other Details 8.7" X 5.7"
Weight 520 gm
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Book Description

From the Jacket

'Existence and Yoga' gives a ray of hope to man's existence and his struggle to live a turbulent free and fulfilled life.

Creation of a man, the study of ancient civilization and the world's oldest written source of knowledge; the Vedas, Upanisads, Bible, Torah and Qur'an explain the questions of the nature of God, man's existence and our consciousness.

Yoga Philosophy, Meditation and the technique of Pranayama has been examined to unravel the power of matter, mind and energy to attain love, light and peace in our day-to-day life.

The authors hope that this book may open the door the vast internal realm of mankind and light his internal lamp which will lead to the path of harmony and wisdom.



"Existence and Yoga" offers a powerful inspiration to its readers to study the eastern and western religious and philosophical thoughts. It encourages the reader to explore the purpose of his existence, salvation, of one's soul and find the everlasting truth. By the Yoga practices one becomes better at whatever one is; a better Christian, a better Hindu, and a better human being.

the book reveals the nature of man his existence and the problems of survival since his evolution and the practice of Yoga for meaningful survival. Man stands and experiences entirely alone the events in his life. He is responsible for his actions and inactions. This book also probes into the historical events and practices of ancient river valley civilizations. One astounding revelation among the people was the undaunted faith and devotion and steadfastness of the mind. Yoga helps mankind to develop universal existence and also enlightens the societies to a path of morality, compassion and virtuous living. To day, many values in the societies have changed. There is a great and relentless advance in the world. Break through in the world. There is more interdependence in trade, education, science, research and various human cultures. The Creation of man and the world civilization we found it too voluminous to discuss fully. Therefore we were constrained to restrict our discussions to the most basic and important aspect.

A comprehensive introduction is given to the prominent religions of the world namely: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Confucianism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It provides an understanding of the basic teachings of the above religions so that the human's can make sense of all religions and respect other different religions. "We are all children of God." Every human basically has the same question! "Is life only about accumulation of wealth, power, position and material comforts?" Beyond this is there any purpose of man's existence? Self knowledge, Yoga practices, healthy and right living may provide answers to the complex questions of human existence. Ethics for any society or culture is very important and it is discussed briefly in this book. It is concerned with the issues of right and wrong. It is an enquiry as to what is generally good for the society as a whole. Present times are uncertain times; there is much suspicion among individuals and uneasiness in the world. Situational levels. An example, from the epic of Mahabharata is given to expand on the importance of situational thinking at present violent times.

Special emphasis is given to the section of Vedanta. This being a complex concept, many books on religions fail to clearly and fully explain numerous questions about life, role of the material world and above all the Self or Atman. In writing this book care was taken to keep it simple for the understanding of our readers, who may have little or no knowledge of the scripted to make the reader an expert in Hinduism; there are many other advanced books on this subject the reader can pursuer, if this book arouses his interest.

There is great deal of interdependence of philosophy with the religion in the east than in the west. An attempt has been made to explore the differences in the various schools of thoughts in Vedanta on one hand and Kant and Schopenhauer philosophy on the other. There are some commonalities between these two schools of philosophies as will be found by the reader. We have not investigated deep into the complex nature of these two schools of philosophies.

Another interesting subject in this volume is the role of "Yoga and Meditation," in the present age, Yoga practice is a path to living a complete life; it is a means to an enlightened existence. It is timeless, pragmatic science evolved over thousands of years dealing with the physical, moral and spiritual existence of a man as a whole. Yoga has its roots even in the holy Vedas. This volume offers tremendous benefits to individuals from every culture, race, sex, and economic status and beliefs to realize the law of one's own being. It of often the plunge into the unknown that grabs our attention the most. It forces us to search our soul to meet the challenges we face in our mundane existence. The Bhagavad Gita says: "Working out of one's Karma according to the law of one's own being is therefore the Dharma or Religion or way to salvation of an individual.


About the Authors

Lalit Kilam completed his higher education in Europe and in the mountainous region of the Himalayas. He is a computer engineer who enjoys working with Computers and interconnecting masses by providing High Speed Internet to the customers of Saskatchewan, Canada. During these years he had an opportunity to experience a wide range of various religious Philosophies happenings around the world and also their impact on the human life. He strongly believes that mankind is responsible for his own actions and he also is a fervent and sincere believer in the practice of Yoga and spiritual growth. According to him Yoga and meditation brings inspiration and solace to the spirits of the people living around the globe.

Manju Kilam has completed her education from a reputed University in India. She has a Masters in Business and also a Ph.D. Presently she is teaching Business management courses, in the school of Business. She has a wealth of experience in business and teaching from India and North America. She is enthusiastic about globalization and its impact on Canada and other parts of the world and has published several articles in reputed academic journals. Travel is another of her interests and has traveled to several countries around the globe, Closer to home, Manju is involved with Yoga and naturopathy.




  Preface 15
  Chapter 1. 19
  Creation of the Universe 19
  Epic of Matsya Purana 23
  Mesopotamian Civilization 29
  Egyptian Civilization 32
  Early Dynastic Period 32
  Old Kingdom 32
  Middle Kingdom 33
  New Kingdom 33
  Post Empire 33
  Greek Civilization 36
  Western civilization 39
  Latin American civilization 39
  The Indus Valley Civilization 40
  The Aryan civilization and the Rgveda 43
  The Yellow River Valley Civilization 45
  Shang Dynasty 45
  Chou Dynasty 46
  Ch'in Dynasty 47
  Chapter 2. 50
  Auguste Comet's – Three Stages of Development 50
  Theological – the first Stage of Development 51
  Metaphysical – The Second Stage of Development 51
  Scientific – Third Stage of Development 52
  Nature and Needs of Man 54
  Philosophy of the existence of Man 58
  Chapter 3. 62
  Introduction 62
  Christianity 64
  Who was Jesus? 65
  The life of Jesus 66
  John Baptizes Jesus 66
  The Teachings of Jesus 67
  Final Days of Jesus – Before Crucifixion 68
  Return of Jesus 69
  Roman Catholicism 69
  Eastern Orthodoxy 70
  Protestantism 70
  Similarities between Christianity and Hinduism: 72
  Judaism 73
  Origins of Jews 74
  Origins of Judaism 74
  The Patriarchal period 76
  Abraham (Abram) 76
  Isaac 77
  Jacob 77
  The Mosaic Period 78
  Moses 78
  Joshua as the successor 79
  The period of the Judges! Shoftim 79
  Exodus from Egypt 81
  The Torah (the law) 82
  The Talmud 82
  Similarities between Judaism and Hinduism: 83
  Islam 83
  What is Islam? 84
  Early life of Muhammad 84
  Muhammad's Early Years in Mecca 84
  Muhammad's Vision – Call to Become a Prophet 85
  Qur'an – Its Significance 86
  Five Pillars of Islam 87
  Muhammad's Teaching in Mecca 89
  Muhammad's Migration to Medina 89
  Qur'an – Vision of after life 90
  Similarities between Islam and Hinduism: 91
  Confucianism 92
  Self as Creative Transformation 96
  Community as a Vehicle for human Flourishing 96
  Nature as Home 96
  Heaven as a Source of Ultimate Transformation 97
  Quote – One of the Disciples 97
  Similarities between Confucianism and Hinduism 98
  Buddhism 98
  The Departure 99
  The Enlightenment 100
  The Buddha's First Sermon 100
  The Four Noble Truths 100
  The Eight-Fold Path 102
  The Doctrine of Dependent Origination 103
  Influence of Samkhya Philosophy on Buddhism: 106
  Similarities between Buddhism and Hinduism 107
  Hinduism 108
  The Four Paths recommended in Hinduism 110
  Reincarnation 111
  Chapter 4. 116
  Introduction 116
  The Compiling of the Vedas 117
  Upanisads 118
  The Aitareya Upanisad belongs to Rgveda 119
  Creation of Virat- Purusa 120
  Concerning the Self 125
  Gross Body 126
  Subtle Body 127
  Causal Body 127
  Katha Upanisad belongs to Yajurveda 128
  Mundakopanisad belongs to Atharvaveda 133
  Kenopanisad belongs to Samaveda 135
  Date of Composition of Vedas 138
  The Goal of Vedanta 139
  What is Vedanta? 140
  Vedic Concept of God 142
  Surya – God of Light 144
  Agni – God of Fire 145
  Vayu – God of Wind 147
  Prthvi – God of Earth 148
  Varuna – God of Water 149
  Akasa – God of Sky 149
  Vedic Yoga: 150
  Four Stages of man's life Cycle in Vedas 152
  Brahman and Atman 154
  Different States of Human Consciousness 157
  Waking State 158
  Subtle State 158
  Deep Steep State 158
  Turiya State 159
  The Classification of Indian Philosophy 160
  Six Vedic (Orthodox) Schools of Philosophy 161
  1. Nvdya of Gautama 161
  2. Vaisesika 161
  3. Samkhya of Muni Kapila 162
  4. Yoga Sutra of Patanjali 167
  5a. Uttara Mimamsa 167
  5b. Purva Mimamsa of Jaimini 168
  6. Vedanta 168
  Two different divisions of Vedanta Philosophy 170
  I) Monastic (non-dualistic) II) Monotheistic 170
  Monastic or Adviata School of Thought 170
  Introduction 170
  The Principal doctrines of Adviata Vedanta 170
  Monotheistic School of Thought 171
  Four most prominent schools of thoughts: 171
  a) Ramanuja b) Nimbarka c) Madhva d) Vallabha 171
  Ramanuja's School of Thought (Qualified Monism) 172
  Nimbarka's School of Thought (Non Dualism) 174
  Madhva's School of Thought 174
  Vallabha's School of Thought (Pure Monism) 174
  How to attain the vision of God? 176
  Harmony in Religions according to Vedanta 177
  Chapter 5. 179
  ETHICS 179
  Introduction 179
  Ethics and Christianity 180
  Ethics and Judaism 181
  Ethics and Islam 182
  Ethics and Buddhism 183
  Ethics and Confucianism 185
  Five things that Confucius Did Say 185
  Ethics and Vedanta 186
  The three great paths man must follow 186
  Chapter 6. 190
  Yoga Sutras of Maharsi Patanjali 191
  Yoga and different systems of Philosophical Thought 193
  Different Schools of Yoga 194
  1) Jnana Yoga 195
  2) Bhakti Yoga 197
  3) Karma Yoga 198
  4) Mantra Yoga 199
  5) Yantra Yoga 199
  6) Laya Yoga and Kundalini Yoga 200
  7) Tantric Yoga 200
  Hatha Yoga 201
  Raja Yoga 202
  The steps of the Astanga Yoga 203
  1. Yamas – Social Discipline 204
  a) Ahimsa (non-violence) 204
  b) Astheya (non-stealing) 204
  c) Satya (truthfulness) 204
  d) Brahmacarya (continence) 205
  e) Aparigraha (non-coveting) 205
  2. Niyamas – Individual Discipline 205
  a) Sauca (purety, cleanliness) 205
  b) Santosa (contentment) 205
  c) Tapas (discipline or self control) 206
  d) Svadhyaya (study of scriptures) 206
  e) Isvara Pranidhana (devotion to Lord) 206
  3. Asanas (postures) 206
  4. Pranayama (breath control) 207
  5. Pratyahara (sense withdrawal) 207
  6. Dharma (concentration) 207
  7. Samadhi (Super consciousness) 208
  8. Dhyana (Meditation) 208
  Relevance of Yoga in Day to day life 210
  Yoga Asanas 211
  "Surya Namaskara" 211
  Benefits: 220
  "Padmasana" 221
  Benefits: 222
  "Siddhasana" 222
  Benefits: 223
  "Pascimottanasana" 223
  Benefits: 223
  "Bhujangasana" 224
  Benefits: 224
  "Sarvangasana" 225
  Benefits: 225
  "Halasana" 226
  Benefits: 226
  "Garudasana" 227
  Benefits: 227
  "Ardha Matsyendrasana" 228
  Benefits: 228
  "Savasana" 229
  Benefits: 229
  Chapter 7. 230
  Prana or Energy Centers 232
  Sahasrara Cakra 233
  The Ajna or third eye Cakra 234
  Visuddha or Visuddhi Cakra 235
  Anahata Cakra 236
  Manipura Cakra 237
  Svadhisthana Cakra 237
  Muladhara Cakra 238
  Chapter 8. 242
  The Art of Yoga Breathing 242
  Breathing is important for two basis reasons 244
  The Five Pranas: 245
  Five forms of Prana 245
  Why Oxygen is so vital for our bodies? 247
  Oxygen purifies the blood stream 248
  1. Puraka (Inhalation) 249
  2. Abhyantara Kumbhaka 249
  3. Recaka (Exhalation) 250
  4. Bahya Kumbhaka (Pause after Exhaling) Empty Pause 250
  Important Preparations 251
  The Techniques of Pranayama 251
  Kapalabhati (The Cleansing Breath) 251
  Technique 1 252
  Antar Kumbhaka 252
  Technique 2 252
  Antar Kumbhaka 252
  Benefits 253
  Bhastrika Pranayama 253
  Technique 1 254
  Preliminary method 254
  Technique 2 255
  Basic method 255
  Technique 3 255
  Antar Kumbhaka (internal retention) 255
  Benefits 256
  Anuloma Viloma 257
  Anuloma Viloma Alternate Nostril Breathing 257
  Benefits of Anuloma Viloma 258
  Rules for Pranayama 258
  Glossary 260
  Bibliography 276
  Index 282

Sample Pages

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