Gujarat thrived as a free Hindu/Buddhist state after the eventual collapse of the Gupta kingdom during the sixth century. Gujarat's legendary history began with the advent of the Stone Age settlements, succeeded by the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age establishments, the most popular being the Indus Valley civilization. During the glorious rule of the Gupta, Maurya, Nanda, Satavahana and the Western Kshatrapas kingdom, coastal areas of Gujarat, like Bharuch, became the royal state's ports and trading areas. The Maitraka empire controlled the region from the sixth to the eighth century from their illustrious capital at Vallabhi. The Arab leaders of Sindh brought on the eventual downfall of Vallabhi in 770, thus ending the rule of the Maitraka kingdom. The Gurjara-Pratihara Empire controlled Gujarat from the eighth to the tenth century. The state was also under the reign of the Rashtrakuta Empire and Pala Empire.
The power was passed on to the local realm of the Chalukyas in the tenth century. Later, the fearsome Turkic Sultan of Delhi opted to annihilate Anhilwara in order to integrate Gujarat into the Delhi Sultanate. The Turco-Mongol conqueror, Timur's wrong decision of removing Delhi from the stature of capital, and the rule of the Sultanate was shaken. Gujarat's lead representative Zafar Khan Muzaffar saw this as a golden opportunity and affirmed his autonomy, and his son, Sultan Ahmad Shah I, rebuilt Ahmedabad as the capital. In the mid-sixteenth century, the Rana Sanga attack of Gujarat debilitated the force of Gujarat as he captured northern Gujarat and selected his vassal to rule it. Still, after his demise, the Sultan of Gujarat recuperated its realm and, surprisingly, captured the Chittor Fort in 1535. The Sultanate of Gujarat stayed independent until 1576 when the Mughal ruler Akbar vanquished it and added it to the Mughal Empire as a territory. The modern state of Surat had turned into the primary port of India during Mughal rule.
Gujarat was heavily influenced by the illustrious Maratha Empire in the latter half of the eighteenth century, which caused storms through India's political scene. The British East India Company grabbed the reign of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. Like the Gaekwads of Baroda, various territorial rulers struck a deal with the British and perceived British rule as a compromise for keeping up with their own self-rule. The state thus went under the political domination of the Bombay Presidency, except for the province of Baroda, which had a close relationship with the Governor-General of India. After the conflict of Indian Independence, the state of Gujarat was finally formed by separating Bombay state in 1960 on etymological lines.
Gujarat is famous for its sea shores, majestic temple towns and notable capitals. Gujarat is the land of beautiful wildlife sanctuaries, natural beauty and grand resorts.
Navigating The roots of Modern Gujarat
The primary pioneers in the State of Gujarat were Gujjars, who turned out to be an ethnic group of India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Even though their origins remain questionable, the group showed up in northern India and Saurashtra about the hour of the Huna attack. The clan's name was 'Sanskritized' to 'Gurjara,' who followed the principal religions of Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity.
The earliest Archeological findings demonstrate that the Indus Valley Civilization as verifiable relics with the stone age settlements were tracked down in Gujarat around Sabarmati and Mahi waterways. Its underlying foundations are additionally in the Harappan findings found at Lothal, Rampur, Amri, and other spots.
Q1. Who is the founder of Gujarat?
Aḥmad Shah, the main autonomous king of Gujarat, established Ahmedabad. Toward the end of the sixteenth century, Gujarat was reigned by the Mughals. Their control of the district went on until the mid-eighteenth century, when the Marathas captured the state.
Q2. What was Gujarat previously known as?
Gujarat derives its name from the Gurjara (subtribe of the Huns), who governed the region during the eighth and ninth century CE. Gujarat was previously called Pratichya and Varuna.
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