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The vibrant world of Tamil performing arts that can touch the deepest corners of a soul

The legacy of culture that the province of Tamil Nadu is endowed with has its pitch in urban areas and towns as well as the remote corners of towns. As different, beautiful, and resplendent as the entire of India, the performing art forms of Tamil Nadu, which owe their underlying foundations to old times, are rehearsed and performed even today with excitement and commitment. 

Several forms of Tamil performing arts

  • Bharatnatyam: Bharatanatyam, viewed as the most seasoned dance type of India, began in the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu and in the long run thrived in South India. The hypothetical base of this dance structure, which is likewise alluded to as Sadir, dates back to Bharata Muni's Sanskrit text on the performing expressions called 'Natya Shastra'. In Bharatnatyam, accounts, and anecdotes of Hindu religious topics and profound thoughts are outlined by the artists with perfect footwork and magnificent gestures. Its performance incorporates the three essential parts of performing expressions, to be specific: the unadulterated dance of Nritta, the increasingly dramatic Nritya, and the play or Natya.

  • Puliattam: A dance performed by young men in a group, Puli Attam encapsulates the beauty and fierceness of the ruthless tiger. With mindful subtleties, the local craftsmen paint the artists' bodies in yellow, with dark stripes or specks, and once in a while with hazier shades to look like the spooky presence of the jaguar. The entertainers wear headgears with ears, teeth, and tongue, paws tipped with hooks, and, surprisingly, a long tail as a feature of the ensemble. Rich and loud music played on drums and other customary instruments add to the brilliance of the presentation which depicts the scary and diligent nature of the tiger.

  • Theru Koothu: Inspired by the Puranas, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana, the road theater of Theru Koothu is fundamentally performed in the towns/villages of Tamil Nadu. The account and dialogue are extensively improvised and tunes and music are a huge part of the presentation. The play is driven by a Sutradhara or chief called 'kattiakaram' and incorporates the 'komali' who engages the crowd with his horseplay. The vast majority of the tunes depend on Carnatic Ragas, played across a symphony of instruments including drums, cymbals, and pipes. The ensembles and cosmetics of the entertainers are showy and lavish, with clear varieties used to paint the essences of a portion of the characters and fancy designs attached to the headgear, coat, and lower pieces of clothing. The conventional 'lokadharmi' mime is consolidated in the acting procedure and the scenes frequently incorporate butchery and savagery.

  • Oyilattam: Begun in the southern locale of Tamil Nadu, the folk dance, Oyilattam is performed during merriments and significant events. At first just performed by men, Oyilattam requires the entertainers, with vivid handkerchiefs or banners grasped and ringers tied around lower legs, to move to the mood and tune of the percussion instrument Thavil. The dance brags of strong and unpredictable movements of the leg and its rich legacy brings imperial patronage as basic help. Performed with energy and magnificence, the essential subjects of the dance are derived from the old legends of Mahabharata and Ramayana and unveil information and wisdom that are given to the crowd.


Q1. Which is the most popular dance form in Tamil Nadu?

The Bharatnatyam, a world-famous form of dance, is the most popular dance form in the state of Tamil Nadu. The mesmerizing attire worn by the dancers is also a costume worn during weddings in the state.

Q2. Where is the origin of Tamil music and dance?

The music and dance of Tamil Nadu began in the tranquil environment in the temples of the state. From early times, various gatherings were assigned to sing heavenly melodies on the temple grounds.